• Modeling the middle Pliocene climate with a global atmospheric general circulation model 

      Jiang, Dabang; Wang, Huijun; Ding, Zhongli; Lang, Xianmei; Drange, Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2005-07-27)
      A new climate simulation for the middle Pliocene (ca. 3 Ma BP) is performed by a global grid-point atmospheric general circulation model developed at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics (IAP AGCM) with boundary conditions ...
    • Modelled mass balance of Xibu glacier, Tibetan Plateau: sensitivity to climate change 

      Caidong, Caidong; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Journal of Glaciology, Journal article, 2010-06-01)
      Due to a lack of in situ measurements, model-based studies of glacier mass balance in the Tibetan Plateau are very limited. An energy-balance model is applied to analyse the mass-balance sensitivity of Xibu glacier, in the ...
    • Modelling alongshore flow in a semi-enclosed lagoon strongly forced by tides and waves 

      Taskjelle, Torbjørn; Barthel, Knut; Christensen, Kai Håkon; Furaca, Noca; Gammelsrød, Tor; Hoguane, Antonio Mubango; Nharreluga, Bilardo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-09-26)
      Alongshore flows strongly driven by tides and waves is studied in the context of a one-dimensional numerical model. Observations from field surveys performed in a semi-enclosed lagoon (1.7 km×0.2 km) outside Xai-Xai, ...
    • Modelling and measurements relevant for transport of polarized light in skin tissue 

      Bhandari, Anak Bahadur (Doctoral thesis, 2012-05-11)
    • Modelling and observations of upwelling along the southwest coast of India and its intrusion into the Bay of Bengal, during summer monsoon 

      George, Mary Swapna (Doctoral thesis, 2015-01-19)
      Coastal upwelling regions are among world´s most productive areas, with high levels of primary productivity and fishery potentials. The southwest coast of India is a classic example of such an upwelling system during the ...
    • Modelling Energy Systems with Variable Renewable Energy 

      Ringkjøb, Hans-Kristian (Doctoral thesis, 2020-05-15)
      Today, the majority of anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions stem from the burning of fossil fuels for energy purposes. In order to avoid devastating consequences of climate change, the world needs to reduce its emissions ...
    • Modelling the effect of ocean waves on the atmospheric and ocean boundary layers 

      Jenkins, Alastair D.; Paskyabi, Mostafa Bakhoday; Fer, Ilker; Gupta, Alok; Adakudlu, Muralidhar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Ocean waves, in addition to generating direct forces on fixed and floating offshore wind generator structures, also have significant indirect effects via their influence on the atmospheric and oceanic boundary layers above ...
    • Modulation of the Aleutian–Icelandic low seesaw and its surface impacts by the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation 

      Li, Fei; Orsolini, Yvan; Wang, Huijun; Gao, Yongqi; He, Shengping (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01)
      Early studies suggested that the Aleutian–Icelandic low seesaw (AIS) features multidecadal variation. In this study, the multidecadal modulation of the AIS and associated surface climate by the Atlantic Multidecadal ...
    • Moisture origin as a driver of temporal variabilities of the water vapour isotopic composition in the Lena River delta, Siberia 

      Bonne, Jean-Louis; Meyer, Hanno; Behrens, Melanie; Boike, Julia; Kipfstuhl, Sepp; Rabe, Benjamin; Schmidt, Toni; Schönicke, Lutz; Steen-Larsen, Hans Christian; Werner, Martin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In the context of the Arctic amplification of climate change affecting the regional atmospheric hydrological cycle, it is crucial to characterize the present-day moisture sources of the Arctic. The isotopic composition is ...
    • Moisture Transport and Precipitation in Ethiopia 

      Viste, Ellen Marie (Doctoral thesis, 2012-05-09)
      With little irrigation and a diverse climate, Ethiopia is a country where the effects of too little precipitation are frequently seen. While the generation of precipitation also depends on local ascent and cooling of the ...
    • Moisture transport into the Ethiopian highlands 

      Viste, Ellen Marie; Sorteberg, Asgeir (Journal article, 2013-01)
      The Ethiopian summer rains occur as air masses of various origins converge above the Ethiopian plateau. In this study, the relative importance of different moisture transport branches has been estimated using the Lagrangian ...
    • Monitoring the Norwegian Atlantic slope current using a single moored current meter 

      Orvik, Kjell Arild; Skagseth, Øystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2003-01)
      Monitoring the Atlantic inflow (AI) of warm and saline water into the Nordic Seas (Norwegian, Greenland and Iceland Seas) is of great importance becauce of its impact on climate and ecology in Northern Europe and Arctic. ...
    • Monsoon low-pressure systems - the precipitation response to atmospheric warming 

      Sørland, Silje Lund (Doctoral thesis, 2015-04-24)
      The monsoon low-pressure systems (LPS) are amongst the most rain bearing synoptic scale systems that develop during the Indian monsoon, and they play a key role in generating extreme rainfall events in central India. This ...
    • Monsoon Onset in Bangladesh: Reconciling scientific and societal perspectives 

      Reeve, Mathew Alexander (Doctoral thesis, 2015-02-13)
      People of Bangladesh depend on the monsoon, and many of them depend on the timing of the monsoon onset for their livelihoods. In this study, we are motivated by the idea of providing information to these people about the ...
    • Monthly to annual variability of the Norwegian Atlantic slope current: connection between the northern North Atlantic and the Norwegian Sea 

      Skagseth, Øystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2004-03)
      This study investigated relations between direct current measurements in the Norwegian Atlantic slope current (NwASC), the sea surface height variability from the TOPEX altimeter, and reanalysed mean sea level pressure ...
    • A multi-decadal record of oceanographic changes of the past ~165 years (1850-2015 AD) from Northwest of Iceland 

      Simon, Margit Hildegard; Muschitiello, Francesco; Tisserand, Amandine Aline; Olsen, Are; Moros, Matthias; Perner, Kerstin; Bårdsnes, Siv Tone; Dokken, Trond Martin; Jansen, Eystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Extending oceanographic data beyond the instrumental period is highly needed to better characterize and understand multi-decadal to centennial natural ocean variability. Here, a stable isotope record at unprecedented ...
    • A multi-decade record of high-quality fCO2 data in version 3 of the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) 

      Bakker, Dorothee C.E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Metzl, Nicolas; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Olsen, Are; Smith, Karl; Cosca, Cathy; Harasawa, Sumiko; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Nakaoka, Shin-Ichiro; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Schuster, Ute; Steinhoff, Tobias; Sweeney, Colm; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; Wada, Chisato; Wanninkhof, Rik; Alin, Simone R.; Balestrini, Carlos F.; Barbero, Leticia; Bates, Nicholas R.; Bianchi, Alejandro A.; Bonou, Frédéric; Boutin, Jacqueline; Bozec, Yann; Burger, Eugene F.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Castle, Robert D.; Chen, Liqi; Chierici, Melissa; Currie, Kim; Evans, Wiley; Featherstone, Charles; Feely, Richard A.; Fransson, Agneta Ingrid; Goyet, Catherine; Greenwood, Naomi; Gregor, Luke; Hankin, Steven; Hardman-Mountford, Nick J.; Harlay, Jérôme; Hauck, Judith; Hoppema, Mario; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Hunt, Christopher W.; Huss, Betty; Ibanhez, J. Severino P.; Johannessen, Truls; Keeling, Ralph; Kitidis, Vassilis; Körtzinger, Arne; Kozyr, Alex; Krasakopoulou, Evangelia; Kuwata, Akira; Landschützer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefevre, Nathalie; Lo Monaco, Claire; Manke, Ansley; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Merlivat, Liliane; Millero, Frank J.; Monteiro, Pedro M.S.; Munro, David R.; Murata, Akihiko; Newberger, Timothy; Omar, Abdirahman; Ono, Tsuneo; Paterson, Kristina; Pearce, David A.; Pierrot, Denis; Robbins, Lisa L.; Saito, Shu; Salisbury, Joe; Schlitzer, Reiner; Schneider, Bernd; Schweitzer, Roland; Sieger, Rainer; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Sullivan, Kevin F.; Sutherland, Stewart C.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Tadokoro, Kazuaki; Telszewski, Maciej; Tuma, Matthias; Van Heuven, Steven M.A.C.; Vandemark, Doug; Ward, Brian; Watson, Andrew J.; Xu, Suqing (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-09-15)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) is a synthesis of quality-controlled fCO2 (fugacity of carbon dioxide) values for the global surface oceans and coastal seas with regular updates. Version 3 of SOCAT has 14.7 million ...
    • The Multi-Purpose Airborne Sensor Carrier MASC-3 for Wind and Turbulence Measurements in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer 

      Rautenberg, Alexander; Schön, Martin; zum Berge, Kjell; Mauz, Moritz; Manz, Patrick; Platis, Andreas; van Kesteren, Bram; Suomi, Irene; Kral, Stephan; Bange, Jens (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-17)
      For atmospheric boundary-layer (ABL) studies, unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) can provide new information in addition to traditional in-situ measurements, or by ground- or satellite-based remote sensing techniques. The ...