Now showing items 881-900 of 1019

    • Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) gridded data products 

      Sabine, C. L.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Bakker, D. C. E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Metzl, N.; Kozyr, A.; Fassbender, A.; Manke, A.; Malczyk, J.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bellerby, Richard; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W.-J.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Feely, R. A.; González-Dávila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hardman-Mountford, N.; Heinze, Christoph; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, Truls; Key, R.M.; Körtzinger, A.; Landschützer, P.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefévre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, Abdirahman; Padin, X. A.; Park, G.-H.; Paterson, K.; Perez, F. F.; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A.F.; Salisbury, J.; Santana-Casiano, J. M:; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schutser, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C.S.; Yoshikawa-Inoue, H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-04)
      As a response to public demand for a well-documented, quality controlled, publically available, global surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) data set, the international marine carbon science community developed the Surface ...
    • A surface ocean CO2 reference network, SOCONET and associated marine boundary layer CO2 measurements 

      Wanninkhof, Rik; Pickers, Penelope A.; Omar, Abdirahman; Sutton, Adrienne; Murata, Akihiko; Olsen, Are; Stephens, Britton B.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Munro, David; Pierrot, Denis; Rehder, Gregor; Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena; Müller, Jens D.; Trinanes, Joaquin; Tedesco, Kathy; O'Brien, Kevin; Currie, Kim; Barbero, Leticia; Telszewski, Maciej; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; González-Dávila, Melchor; Bates, Nicholas R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Suntharalingam, Parvadha; Feely, Richard A.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Takahashi, Taro; Steinhoff, Tobias; Schuster, Ute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-12)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 NETwork (SOCONET) and atmospheric Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) CO2 measurements from ships and buoys focus on the operational aspects of measurements of CO2 in both the ocean surface and atmospheric ...
    • Surface ocean pH and buffer capacity: past, present and future 

      Jiang, Li-qing; Carter, Brendan R; Feely, Richard A; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Olsen, Are (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-09)
      The ocean’s chemistry is changing due to the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2). This phenomenon, commonly referred to as “Ocean Acidification”, is endangering coral reefs and the broader marine ecosystems. In ...
    • Surface wave effects in the upper ocean and consequences for biological modeling 

      Röhrs, Johannes (Doctoral thesis, 2014-03-21)
      Effects of surface gravity waves on particle transport and currents in the upper ocean are studied using field observations and numerical models. Knowledge on upper ocean particle drift is needed for plankton transport ...
    • The Svalbard branch of the West Spitsbergen Current: Hydrography, transport and mixing 

      Kolås, Eivind (Master thesis, 2017-08-01)
      Data from a 10 days shipboard survey in August 2015, northwest of Svalbard, are used to investigate the transport, structure and mixing of Atlantic water (AW) along the Svalbard branch and Yermak branch of the West Spitsbergen ...
    • Synchronicity from synchronized chaos 

      Duane, Gregory (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-03-27)
      The synchronization of loosely-coupled chaotic oscillators, a phenomenon investigated intensively for the last two decades, may realize the philosophical concept of “synchronicity”—the commonplace notion that related ...
    • Synoptic conditions and frontal dynamics during Cold Air Outbreaks in the Norwegian and Barents Sea 

      Jenssen, Marit Dagny Kristine (Master thesis, 2018-08-30)
      Cold Air Outbreaks (CAOs) in the Norwegian and Barents Sea are investigated using ERA Interim. The focus is on the synoptic conditions, heat fluxes, potential temperature tendencies and the frontogenesis at the onset of ...
    • Synoptic Conditions and Moisture Sources Actuating Extreme Precipitation in Nepal 

      Bohlinger, Patrik; Sorteberg, Asgeir; Sodemann, Harald (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-12)
      Despite the vast literature on heavy‐precipitation events in South Asia, synoptic conditions and moisture sources related to extreme precipitation in Nepal have not been addressed systematically. We investigate two types ...
    • Synthesis, Characterization and Improvement of a Dye Sensitized Solar Cell 

      Sandberg, Sondre (Master thesis, 2017-06-20)
      Because of its light weight, low cost, flexibility and easy production techniques, Dye Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) have become one of the promising PV-technologies for the future. Even though the DSSCs have been researched ...
    • Temperature Inversions in the Bergen Valley and Testing of Low-Cost Temperature and Air Quality Measuring Instruments 

      Seilen, Karoline (Master thesis, 2018-06-22)
      This study aimed at two goals, the testing of simple low-cost measurement sensors for temperature and air pollution, and the investigation of temperature inversions in the Bergen valley. For this we conducted a 13 months ...
    • Temporal and spatial variability of the sea surface salinity in the Nordic Seas 

      Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats; Drange, Helge; Johannessen, Johnny A.; Korablev, Alexander (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2002-11-02)
      In this paper, the temporal and spatial variability of the sea surface salinity (SSS) in the Nordic Seas is investigated. The data include a Russian hydrographical database for the Nordic Seas and daily to weekly observations ...
    • Temporal biomass dynamics of an Arctic plankton bloom in response to increasing levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide 

      Schulz, Kai G.; Bellerby, Richard; Brussaard, Corina P.D.; Büdenbender, Jan; Czerny, Jan; Engel, Anja; Fischer, Matthias; Koch-Klavsen, Signe; Krug, Sebastian A.; Lischka, Silke; Ludwig, Andrea; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Nondal, Gisle; Silyakova, Anna; Stuhr, Annegret; Riebesell, Ulf (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-01-11)
      Ocean acidification and carbonation, driven by anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), have been shown to affect a variety of marine organisms and are likely to change ecosystem functioning. High latitudes, ...
    • Temporal variability in surface water pCO2 in Adventfjorden (West Spitsbergen) with emphasis on physical and biogeochemical drivers 

      Ericson, Ylva; Falck, Eva; Chierici, Melissa; Fransson, Agneta; Kristiansen, Svein; Platt, Stephen Matthew; Hermansen, Ove; Myhre, Cathrine Lund (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07)
      Seasonal and interannual variability in surface water partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air‐sea CO2 fluxes from a West Spitsbergen fjord (IsA Station, Adventfjorden) are presented, and the associated driving forces are ...
    • Testing a Flexible Method to Reduce False Monsoon Onsets 

      Reeve, Mathew Alexander; Spengler, Thomas; Chu, Pao-Shin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-08-08)
      To generate information about the monsoon onset and withdrawal we have to choose a monsoon definition and apply it to data. One problem that arises is that false monsoon onsets can hamper our analysis, which is often ...
    • Thermodynamic controls of the Atlantic Niño 

      Nnamchi, Hyacinth C; Li, Jianping; Kucharski, Fred; Kang, In-Sik; Keenlyside, Noel; Chang, Ping; Farneti, Riccardo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-26)
      Prevailing theories on the equatorial Atlantic Niño are based on the dynamical interaction between atmosphere and ocean. However, dynamical coupled ocean-atmosphere models poorly simulate and predict equatorial Atlantic ...
    • Thunderstorms in Norway. A climatological and a case study 

      Granerød, Martin (Master thesis, 2011-06-01)
      The object of this thesis are thunderstorms in Norway. In the first part, the variability of thunderstorms in time and space is investigated, based on synoptic observations from 60 weather stations in Norway. An analysis ...
    • Tidal forcing, energetics, and mixing near the Yermak Plateau 

      Fer, Ilker; Müller, Malte; Peterson, Algot Kristoffer (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-03-27)
      The Yermak Plateau (YP), located northwest of Svalbard in Fram Strait, is the final passage for the inflow of warm Atlantic Water into the Arctic Ocean. The region is characterized by the largest barotropic tidal velocities ...
    • Tidally Forced Lee Waves Drive Turbulent Mixing Along the Arctic Ocean Margins 

      Fer, Ilker; Koenig, Zoé Charlotte; Kozlov, Igor E.; Ostrowski, Marek; Rippeth, Tom; Padman, L.; Bosse, Anthony; Kolås, Eivind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In the Arctic Ocean, limited measurements indicate that the strongest mixing below the atmospherically forced surface mixed layer occurs where tidal currents are strong. However, mechanisms of energy conversion from tides ...