Now showing items 41-60 of 455

    • BDNF-induced LTP is associated with rapid Arc/Arg3.1-dependent enhancement in adult hippocampal neurogenesis 

      Kuipers, Sjoukje; Trentani, Andrea; Tiron, Adrian; Mao, Xiaosong; Kuhl, Dietmar; Bramham, Clive R. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-02-18)
      Adult neurogenesis in the hippocampus is a remarkable phenomenon involved in various aspects of learning and memory as well as disease pathophysiology. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) represents a major player in ...
    • The Benefit of Large Neutral Amino Acid Supplementation to a Liberalized Phenylalanine-Restricted Diet in Adult Phenylketonuria Patients: Evidence from Adult Pah-Enu2 Mice 

      Van Vliet, Danique; van der Goot, Els; van Ginkel, Wiggert G; van Faassen, Martijn H J R; de Blaauw, Pim; Kema, Ido P.; Martinez, Aurora; Heiner-Fokkema, M Rebecca; van der Zee, Eddy A; van Spronsen, Francjan J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-19)
      Many phenylketonuria (PKU) patients cannot adhere to the severe dietary restrictions as advised by the European PKU guidelines, which can be accompanied by aggravated neuropsychological impairments that, at least in part, ...
    • Bevacizumab treatment induces metabolic adaptation toward anaerobic metabolism in glioblastomas 

      Fack, Fred; Espedal, Heidi; Keunen, Olivier; Golebiewska, Anna; Obad, Nina; Harter, Patrick N.; Mittelbronn, Michel; Bähr, Oliver; Weyerbrock, Astrid; Stuhr, Linda Elin Birkhaug; Miletic, Hrvoje; Sakariassen, Per Øystein; Stieber, Daniel; Rygh, Cecilie Brekke; Lund-Johansen, Morten; Zheng, Liang; Gottlieb, Eyal; Niclou, Simone P.; Bjerkvig, Rolf (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-01)
      Anti-angiogenic therapy in glioblastoma (GBM) has unfortunately not led to the anticipated improvement in patient prognosis. We here describe how human GBM adapts to bevacizumab treatment at the metabolic level. By performing ...
    • Bi-specific tenascin-C and fibronectin targeted peptide for solid tumor delivery 

      Lingasamy, Prakash; Tobi, Allan; Haugas, Maarja; Hunt, Hedi; Paiste, Paarn; Asser, Toomas; Ratsep, Tonu; Kotamraju, Venkata Ramana; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Teesalu, Tambet (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Oncofetal fibronectin (FN-EDB) and tenascin-C C domain (TNC-C) are nearly absent in extracellular matrix of normal adult tissues but upregulated in malignant tissues. Both FN-EDB and TNC-C are developed as targets of ...
    • Bidirectional Dysregulation of AMPA Receptor-Mediated Synaptic Transmission and Plasticity in Brain Disorders 

      Zhang, Hongyu; Bramham, Clive R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-10)
      AMPA receptors (AMPARs) are glutamate-gated ion channels that mediate the majority of fast excitatory synaptic transmission throughout the brain. Changes in the properties and postsynaptic abundance of AMPARs are pivotal ...
    • BioContainers: An open-source and community-driven framework for software standardization 

      Leprevost, Felipe da Veiga; Grüning, Björn A.; Alves Aflitos, Saulo; Röst, Hannes L.; Uszkoreit, Julian; Barsnes, Harald; Vaudel, Marc; Moreno, Pablo; Gatto, Laurent; Weber, Jonas; Bai, Mingze; Jimenez, Rafael C.; Sachsenberg, Timo; Pfeuffer, Julianus; Vera Alvarez, Roberto; Griss, Johannes; Nesvizhskii, Alexey I.; Perez-Riverol, Yasset (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03-30)
      Motivation BioContainers (biocontainers.pro) is an open-source and community-driven framework which provides platform independent executable environments for bioinformatics software. BioContainers allows labs of all sizes ...
    • Biophysical analysis of Plasmodium falciparum Hsp70-Hsp90 organising protein (PfHop) reveals a monomer that is characterised by folded segments connected by flexible linkers 

      Makumire, Stanley; Zininga, Tawanda; Vahokoski, Juha; Kursula, Inari; Shonhai, Addmore (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Plasmodium falciparum causes the most lethal form of malaria. The cooperation of heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 and 90 is thought to facilitate folding of select group of cellular proteins that are crucial for cyto-protection ...
    • Bortezomib administered prior to temozolomide depletes MGMT, chemosensitizes glioblastoma with unmethylated MGMT promoter and prolongs animal survival 

      Rahman, Mohummad Aminur; Gras Navarro, Andrea; Brekke, Jorunn; Engelsen, Agnete; Bindesbøll, Christian; Sarowar, Shahin; Bahador, Marzieh; Bifulco, Ersilia; Goplen, Dorota; Waha, Andreas; Lie, Stein Atle; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Selheim, Frode; Enger, Per Øyvind; Simonsen, Anne; Enger, Martha Chekenya (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-15)
      Background Resistance to temozolomide (TMZ) is due in part to enhanced DNA repair mediated by high expression of O6-methyl guanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) that is often characterised by unmethylated promoter. Here, ...
    • Cabozantinib is effective in melanoma brain metastasis cell lines and affects key signaling pathways 

      Mannsåker, Trond Are; Hoang, Tuyen; Aasen, Synnøve Nymark; Bjørnstad, Ole Vidhammer; Parajuli, Himalaya; Sundstrøm, Terje; Thorsen, Frits (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-14)
      Melanomas have a high potential to metastasize to the brain. Recent advances in targeted therapies and immunotherapies have changed the therapeutical landscape of extracranial melanomas. However, few patients with melanoma ...
    • Camptothecin and khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) induced distinct cell death phenotypes involving modulation of c-FLIPL, Mcl-1, procaspase-8 and mitochondrial function in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines 

      Bredholt, Therese; Dimba, Elizabeth A. O.; Hagland, Hanne; Wergeland, Line; Skavland, Jørn; Fossan, Kjell Ove; Tronstad, Karl Johan; Johannessen, Anne Christine; Vintermyr, Olav Karsten; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-11-13)
      Background: An organic extract of the recreational herb khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) triggers cell death in various leukemia cell lines in vitro. The chemotherapeutics camptothecin, a plant alkaloid topoisomerase I inhibitor, ...
    • Cancer stem cells as mediators of treatment resistance in brain tumors: Status and controversies 

      Sakariassen, Per Øystein; Immervoll, Heike; Chekenya, Martha (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2007-11)
      Malignant primary brain tumors are characterized by a short median survival and an almost 100% tumorrelated mortality. Despite the addition of new chemotherapy regimes, the overall survival has improved marginally, and ...
    • Cancer-associated fibroblasts in desmoplastic tumors: emerging role of integrins 

      Zeltz, Cedric; Primac, Irina; Murugan Erusappan, Pugazendhi; Alam, Jahedul; Noel, Agnes; Gullberg, Donald (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The tumor microenvironment (TME) is a complex meshwork of extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules filled with a collection of cells including cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), blood vessel associated smooth muscle ...
    • A candidate gene investigation of methylphenidate response in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder patients: results from a naturalistic study 

      Hegvik, Tor-Arne; Jacobsen, Kaya Kvarme; Fredriksen, Mats; Zayats, Tetyana; Haavik, Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-08)
      Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorder with a complex and heterogeneous symptomatology. Persistence of ADHD symptoms into adulthood is common. Methylphenidate ...
    • Capacitance measurement of dendritic exocytosis in an electrically coupled inhibitory retinal interneuron: an experimental and computational study 

      Hartveit, Espen; Veruki, Margaret Lin; Zandt, Bas-Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-04)
      Exocytotic release of neurotransmitter can be quantified by electrophysiological recording from postsynaptic neurons. Alternatively, fusion of synaptic vesicles with the cell membrane can be measured as increased capacitance ...
    • Catestatin, an endogenous Chromogranin A-derived peptide, inhibits in vitro growth of Plasmodium falciparum 

      Akaddar, Aziza; Doderer-Lang, Cécile; Marzahn, Melissa R.; Delalande, François; Mousli, Marc; Helle, Karen Blaauw; Dorsselaer, Alain; Aunis, Dominique; Dunn, Ben M.; Metz-Boutigue, Marie-Hélène; Candolfi, Ermanno (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-02-23)
      Catestatin, an endogenous peptide derived from bovine chromogranin A, and its active domain cateslytin display powerful antimicrobial activities. We have tested the activities of catestatin and other related peptides on ...
    • Cell Death inducing microbial protein phosphatase inhibitors-mechanisms of action 

      Kleppe, Rune; Herfindal, Lars; Døskeland, Stein Ove (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-10-22)
      Okadaic acid (OA) and microcystin (MC) as well as several other microbial toxins like nodularin and calyculinA are known as tumor promoters as well as inducers of apoptotic cell death. Their intracellular targets are the ...
    • CellSegm - a MATLAB toolbox for high-throughput 3D cell segmentation 

      Hodneland, Erlend; Kögel, Tanja; Frei, Dominik M.; Gerdes, Hans-Hermann; Lundervold, Arvid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-08-09)
      The application of fluorescence microscopy in cell biology often generates a huge amount of imaging data. Automated whole cell segmentation of such data enables the detection and analysis of individual cells, where a manual ...
    • Cellular heterogeneity contributes to subtype-specific expression of ZEB1 in human glioblastoma 

      Euskirchen, Philipp; Radke, Josefine; Schmidt, Marc Sören; Heuling, Eva Schulze; Kadikowski, Eric; Maricos, Meron; Knab, Felix; Grittner, Ulrike; Zerbe, Norman; Czabanka, Marcus; Dieterich, Christoph; Miletic, Hrvoje; Mørk, Sverre; Koch, Arend; Endres, Matthias; Harms, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09-25)
      The transcription factor ZEB1 has gained attention in tumor biology of epithelial cancers because of its function in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, DNA repair, stem cell biology and tumor-induced immunosuppression, but ...
    • Cellular Host Responses to Gliomas 

      Najbauer, Joseph; Huszthy, Peter Csaba; Barish, Michael E.; Garcia, Elizabeth; Metz, Marianne Z.; Myers, Sarah M.; Gutova, Margarita; Frank, Richard T.; Miletic, Hrvoje; Kendall, Stephen E.; Glackin, Carlotta A.; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Aboody, Karen S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-04-23)
      Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive type of malignant primary brain tumors in adults. Molecular and genetic analysis has advanced our understanding of glioma biology, however mapping the cellular ...
    • Cerebrospinal fluid proteome shows disrupted neuronal development in multiple sclerosis 

      Mosleth, Ellen Færgestad; Vedeler, Christian Alexander; Liland, Kristian Hovde; McLeod, Anette; Bringeland, Gerd Haga; Kroondijk, Liesbeth; Berven, Frode Steingrimsen; Lysenko, Artem; Rawlings, Christopher J.; El-Hajj Eid, Karim; Opsahl, Jill Anette; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Gavasso, Sonia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-18)
      Despite intensive research, the aetiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) remains unknown. Cerebrospinal fluid proteomics has the potential to reveal mechanisms of MS pathogenesis, but analyses must account for disease ...