Now showing items 174-193 of 453

    • GADL1 is a multifunctional decarboxylase with tissue-specific roles in β-alanine and carnosine production 

      Mahootchi, Elaheh; Homaei, Selina Cannon; Kleppe, Rune; Winge, Ingeborg; Hegvik, Tor-Arne; Perez, Roberto Megias; Totland, Christian; Mogavero, Floriana; Baumann, Anne; Glennon, Jeffrey Colm; Miletic, Hrvoje; Kursula, Petri; Haavik, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Carnosine and related β-alanine–containing peptides are believed to be important antioxidants, pH buffers, and neuromodulators. However, their biosynthetic routes and therapeutic potential are still being debated. This ...
    • Gamma knife surgery as monotherapy with clinically relevant doses prolongs survival in a Human GBM Xenograft Model 

      Skeie, Bente Sandvei; Wang, Jian; Dodoo, Ernest; Heggdal, Jan Ingemann; Grønli, Janne; Sleire, Linda; Bragstad, Sidsel Marit; Ganz, Jeremy Christopher; Chekenya, Martha; Mørk, Sverre; Pedersen, Paal-Henning; Enger, Per Øyvind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Object. Gamma knife surgery (GKS) may be used for recurring glioblastomas (GBMs). However, patients have then usually undergone multimodal treatment, which makes it difficult to specifically validate GKS independent of ...
    • Gender Differences in Psychiatric Comorbidity: Population-based study of 40,000 Adults with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder 

      Solberg, Berit Skretting; Halmøy, Anne; Engeland, Anders; Igland, Jannicke; Haavik, Jan; Klungsøyr, Kari (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-12-21)
      OBJECTIVE: We aimed at determining whether gender modified associations between ADHD and psychiatric comorbidities in adults. METHOD: We identified adults with ADHD by linking Norwegian national registries and compared ...
    • Gene expression in tumor cells and stroma in dsRed 4T1 tumors in eGFP-expressing mice with and without enhanced oxygenation 

      Moen, Ingrid; Jevne, Alison Charlotte; Wang, Jian; Kalland, Karl-Henning; Chekenya, Martha; Akslen, Lars A.; Sleire, Linda; Enger, Per Øyvind; Reed, Rolf K.; Øyan, Anne Margrete; Stuhr, Linda Elin Birkhaug (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-01-17)
      Background The tumor microenvironment is pivotal in tumor progression. Thus, we aimed to develop a mammary tumor model to elucidate molecular characteristics in the stroma versus the tumor cell compartment by global gene ...
    • Genome wide association study identifies variants in NBEA associated with migraine in bipolar disorder 

      Jacobsen, Kaya Kvarme; Nievergelt, Caroline M.; Zayats, Tetyana; Greenwood, Tifany A.; Anttila, Verneri; Akiskal, Hagop Souren; Haavik, Jan; Fasmer, Ole Bernt; Kelsoe, John R.; Johansson, Stefan; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-10-12)
      Background. Migraine is a common comorbidity among individuals with bipolar disorder, but the underlying mechanisms for this co-occurrence are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic background ...
    • Genome-wide analysis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Norway 

      Zayats, Tetyana; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Sønderby, Ida Elken; Djurovic, Srdjan; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Tamnes, Christian Krog; Fladby, Tormod; Aase, Heidi; Zeiner, Pål; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Knappskog, Per; Knudsen, Gun Peggy; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Johansson, Stefan; Haavik, Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04-13)
      Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a highly heritable neuropsychiatric condition, but it has been difficult to identify genes underlying this disorder. This study aimed to explore genetics of ...
    • Glioblastomas are composed of genetically divergent clones with distinct tumourigenic potential and variable stem cell-associated phenotypes 

      Stieber, Daniel; Golebiewska, Anna; Evers, Lisa; Lenkiewicz, Elizabeth; Brons, Nicolas H.C.; Nicot, Nathalie; Oudin, Anaïs; Bougnaud, Sébastien; Hertel, Frank; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Vallar, Laurent; Barrett, Michael T.; Niclou, Simone P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-02)
      Glioblastoma (GBM) is known to be a heterogeneous disease; however, the genetic composition of the cells within a given tumour is only poorly explored. In the advent of personalised medicine the understanding of intra-tumoural ...
    • GSK3α and GSK3β Phosphorylate Arc and Regulate its Degradation 

      Gozdz, Agata; Nikolaienko, Oleksii; Urbanska, Malgorzata; Cymerman, Iwona; Sitkiewicz, Ewa; Blazejczyk, Magdalena; Dadlez, Michal; Bramham, Clive R.; Jaworski, Jacek (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-06-16)
      The selective and neuronal activity-dependent degradation of synaptic proteins appears to be crucial for long-term synaptic plasticity. One such protein is activity-regulated cytoskeleton-associated protein (Arc), which ...
    • HAMLET forms annular oligomers when deposited with phoshpolipid monolayers 

      Baumann, Anne; Gjerde, Anja Underhaug; Ying, Ming; Svanborg, Catharina; Holmsen, Holm A.; Glomm, Wilhelm; Martinez, Aurora; Halskau, Øyvind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-04)
      Recently, the anticancer activity of human α-lactalbumin made lethal to tumor cells (HAMLET) has been linked to its increased membrane affinity in vitro, at neutral pH, and ability to cause leakage relative to the inactive ...
    • HAMLET interacts with lipid membranes and perturbs their structure and integrity 

      Mossberg, Ann-Kristin; Puchades, Maja; Halskau, Øyvind; Baumann, Anne; Lanekoff, Ingela; Chao, Yinxia; Martinez, Aurora; Svanborg, Catharina; Karlsson, Roger (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-01-23)
      Background Cell membrane interactions rely on lipid bilayer constituents and molecules inserted within the membrane, including specific receptors. HAMLET (human α-lactalbumin made lethal to tumor cells) is a tumoricidal ...
    • Health-related quality of life in elderly patients hospitalized with chronic heart failure 

      Erceg, Predrag; Despotovic, Nebosja; Milosevic, Drogoslav P.; Soldatovic, Ivan; Zdravkovic, Sanja; Tomic, Snezana; Markovic, Ivana; Mihajlovic, Gordana; Brajovic, Milan D.; Bojovic, Ognjen; Potic, Bojana; Davidovic, Mladen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-11-15)
      Background: Chronic heart failure is a very common condition in the elderly, characterized not only by high mortality rates, but also by a strong impact on health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Previous studies of HRQOL ...
    • The Heart and a Fibrotic Interstitium 

      Sagvaag, Vivian (Master thesis, 2009-05-29)
      Several acute and chronic diseases disposes for myocardial oedema and fibrosis, leading to impaired cardiac function, presumably as a result of an increased chamber stiffness. Mechanisms and adverse effects of both oedema ...
    • High-Dimensional Phenotyping Identifies Age-Emergent Cells in Human Mammary Epithelia 

      Pelissier, Fanny; Schapiro, Denis; Chang, Hang; Borowsky, Alexander D.; Lee, Jonathan K.; Parvin, Bahram; Stampfer, Martha R.; LaBarge, Mark A.; Bodenmiller, Bernd; Lorens, James B. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04)
      Aging is associated with tissue-level changes in cellular composition that are correlated with increased susceptibility to disease. Aging human mammary tissue shows skewed progenitor cell potency, resulting in diminished ...
    • High-salt diet causes osmotic gradients and hyperosmolality in skin without affecting interstitial fluid and lymph 

      Nikpey Esfahlan, Elham; Karlsen, Tine Veronica; Rakova, Natalia; Titze, Jens M.; Tenstad, Olav; Wiig, Helge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-04)
      The common notion is that the body Na+ is maintained within narrow limits for fluid and blood pressure homeostasis. Several studies have, however, shown that considerable amounts of Na+ can be retained or removed from the ...
    • Histological and bacteriological changes in intestine of beluga (Huso huso) following ex vivo exposure to bacterial strains 

      Salma, Wahida; Zhou, Zhigang; Wang, Wenwan; Askarian, Fatemeh; Kousha, Armin; Ebrahimi, Maryam Tajabadi; Myklebust, Reidar; Ringø, Einar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-04-04)
      In the present study the intestinal sac method (ex vivo) was used to evaluate the interactions between lactic acid bacteria and staphylococci in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of beluga (Huso huso). The distal intestine ...
    • How Does Protein Zero Assemble Compact Myelin? 

      Raasakka, Arne; Kursula, Petri (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-08)
      Myelin protein zero (P0), a type I transmembrane protein, is the most abundant protein in peripheral nervous system (PNS) myelin—the lipid-rich, periodic structure of membrane pairs that concentrically encloses long axonal ...
    • How To Design Selective Ligands for Highly Conserved Binding Sites: A Case Study Using N-Myristoyltransferases as a Model System 

      Kersten, Christian; Fleischer, Edmond; Kehrein, Josef; Borek, Christoph; Jaenicke, Elmar; Sotriffer, Christoph; Brenk, Ruth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A model system of two related enzymes with conserved binding sites, namely N-myristoyltransferase from two different organisms, was studied to decipher the driving forces that lead to selective inhibition in such cases. ...
    • Human tyrosine hydroxylase: Oxygen dependence and role in Dopa responsive dystonia 

      Fossbakk, Agnete (Doctoral thesis, 2016-10-07)
      The aromatic amino acid hydroxylases (AAHs); phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), tryptophan hydroxylase 1 and 2 (TPH 1/TPH 2); are structurally and functionally related enzymes. All AAHs require ...
    • Hyperbaric oxygen therapy and cancer—a review 

      Moen, Ingrid; Stuhr, Linda Elin Birkhaug (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-10-02)
      Hypoxia is a critical hallmark of solid tumors and involves enhanced cell survival, angiogenesis, glycolytic metabolism, and metastasis. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment has for centuries been used to improve or cure ...
    • Hyperoxia increases the uptake of 5-fluorouracil in mammary tumors independently of changes in interstitial fluid pressure and tumor stroma 

      Moen, Ingrid; Tronstad, Karl Johan; Kolmannskog, Odd; Salvesen, Gerd Signe; Reed, Rolf K.; Stuhr, Linda Elin Birkhaug (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-12-17)
      Background: Hypoxia is associated with increased resistance to chemo- and radiation-therapy. Hyperoxic treatment (hyperbaric oxygen) has previously been shown to potentiate the effect of some forms of chemotherapy, and ...