Now showing items 221-240 of 2317

    • Breastfeeding patterns and its determinants among mothers living with Human Immuno-deficiency Virus -1 in four African countries participating in the ANRS 12174 trial 

      Some, Nagaonle Eric; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Nagot, Nicolas; Meda, Nicolas; Lombard, Carl; Vallo, Roselyne; Peries, Marianne; Kankasa, Chipepo; Tumwine, James K; Hofmeyr, G. Justus; Singata, Mandisa; Harper, Kim; Van De Perre, Philippe; Tylleskär, Thorkild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-05-02)
      Background:  HIV-1 transmission rates have been reduced over the last decade, an estimated 2 million new infections per year arise, including 220,000 paediatric cases. The main post-natal HIV exposure is through breastfeeding, ...
    • Breastfeeding patterns and mothers’health in an HIV context in Sub Saharan Africa 

      Some, Nagaonle Eric (Doctoral thesis, 2019-04-12)
      Introduction It has been estimated that breastfeeding is a healthier alternative than replacement feeding because of its nutritional and immunological values. If optimally implemented it has the potential to save children’s ...
    • Breastfeeding practices and health facility births in South Sudan 

      Tongun, Justin Bruno (Doctoral thesis, 2020-01-09)
      Introduction: Studies on the determinants of breastfeeding practices and health facility utilization have not been conducted in South Sudan. This thesis assessed the prevalence and determinants of suboptimal breastfeeding ...
    • Bridging the Gap between Primary Care and Specialized Mental Health Care. A mixed method study of the quality of referral information and the referral letters’ potential impact on quality of care 

      Hartveit, Miriam (Doctoral thesis, 2016-06-22)
      Background. A major cause of adverse events in health care is insufficient information transference between health professionals. Despite the cardinal role of referral letters as the means of communication between primary ...
    • Bruk av Dynamisk Lycra Ortose hos førskulebarn med patologisk forseinka motorisk utvikling - ein multiple case studie 

      Lundal, Siv Helen (Master thesis, 2016-05-29)
      Background: Children with pathological delayed motor development, found with reduced postural control and hypotonia, were permitted to try out lycraorthose based on a multidisciplinary evaluation at a specialist habilitation ...
    • Bruk av elektroniske meldinger i pleie- og omsorgstjenesten 

      Simonsen, Astrid Margrethe Økland (Master thesis, 2014)
      Background: Information exchange between healthcare levels is seen upon as a critical factor to contribute to continuity of patient care. Authorities point out that the primary communication form should take place ...
    • Bruk av genetiske opplysninger utenfor helsevesenet 

      Tolo, Benedicte (Master thesis, 2012-09-02)
      Background: Genetic information entails information about future risk of disease or information about carrier status. The Human Medical use of Biotechnology Act (2003) § 5-8 prohibits the use of this form of genetic ...
    • Bruk av massiv parallell sekvensering for påvisning og identifikasjon av mikrober i galle hos pasienter med akutt kolangitt 

      Nygaard, Randi Monsen (Master thesis, 2017)
      De fleste infeksjonssykdommer som forårsakes av bakterier og sopp kan behandles med antimikrobielle midler. Kjennskap til hvilke mikrober som forårsaker sykdommene er viktig for å kunne gi pasienten riktig behandling. Den ...
    • Bruk av uspesifikke diagnosekoder på legevakt 

      Sandvik, Hogne; Hunskår, Steinar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      BAKGRUNN Primærlegene setter diagnosekoder på alle regningskort. Formålet med studien var å kartlegge bruk av uspesifikke diagnosekoder som kan svekke validiteten av statistikk og sykdomsovervåkning. MATERIALE OG ...
    • Budget impact analysis of using dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine to treat uncomplicated malaria in children in Tanzania 

      Mori, Amani Thomas; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Robbestad, Bjarne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-03)
      Background and Objective: Dihydroartemisinin–piperaquine (DhP) is a very cost effective anti-malarial drug. The aim of this study was to predict the budget impact of using DhP as a first- or second-line drug to treat ...
    • Building a new master's and PhD programme in nutritional epidemiology in Kinshasa: How to face obstacles beyond the control of the project 

      Mapatano, Mala Ali; Horwood, Christiane; Hatløy, Anne (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Building sustainable operational research capacity in Pakistan: starting with tuberculosis and expanding to other public health problems 

      Fatima, Razia; Yaqoob, Aashifa; Qadeer, Ejaz; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund; Heldal, Einar; Zachariah, Rony; Harries, Anthony D.; Kumar, Ajay M.V. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: For many years, operational research capacity has been a challenge and has remained a low priority for the health sector in Pakistan. Building research capacity for developing a critical mass of researchers in ...
    • Burden of diarrhea in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, 1990-2015: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

      Mokdad, Ali H.; Khalil, Ibrahim; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Charara, Raghid; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; Afshin, Ashkan; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Collison, Michael; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Daoud, Farah; Colombara, Danny; Foreman, Kyle J.; Godwin, William W.; Kutz, Michael; Mirarefin, Mojde; Rao, Puja C.; Reiner, Robert; Troeger, Christopher; Wang, Haidong; Niguse Abraha, Haftom; Abu-Elyazeed, Remon; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Ahmad Kiadaliri, Aliasghar; Ahmadi, Alireza; Beshir Ahmed, Muktar; Alam, Khurshid; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Anber, Nahla; Anwari, Palwasha; Mehari Atey, Tesfay; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Bacha, Umar; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Bedi, Neeraj; Bensenor, Isabela M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Obong Bessong, Pascal; Shunu Beyene, Addisu; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Colin Buckle, Geoffrey; Butt, Zahid A.; Danawi, Hadi; Deribew, Amare; Djalalinia, Shirin; Dubey, Manisha; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fischer, Florian; Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye; Chander Gugnani, Harish; Ribhi Hamadeh, Randah; Hamidi, Samer; Husseini, Abdullatif; James, Spencer Lewis; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Saleh Khader, Yousef; Ahmad Khan, Ejaz; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kissoon, Niranjan; Kopec, Jacek A.; Koyanagi, Ai; Kuate Defo, Barthelemy; Larson, Heidi J.; Abdul Latif, Asma; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Memiah, Peter; Memish, Ziad A.; Mendoza, Walter; Tadese Mengistu, Desalegn; Mohammed, Shafiu; Murthy, Srinivas; Wanjiku Ngunjiri, Josephine; Akpojene Ogbo, Felix; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Kumar Rai, Rajesh; Ram, Usha; Laith Rawaf, David; Rawaf, Salman; Renzaho, Andre M.N.; Rezaei, Satar; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Ali Sahraian, Mohammad; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Ramon Sanabria, Juan; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Ali Shaikh, Masood; Shigematsu, Mika; Sobaih, Badr H.A.; Sreeramareddy, Chandrashekhar T.; Sykes, Bryan L.; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Sulieman Terkawi, Abdullah; Tiruye, Tenaw Yimer; Topor-Madry, Roman; Nnanna Ukwaja, Kingsley; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wakayo, Tolassa; Werdecker, Andrea; Shey Wiysonge, Charles; Workicho, Abdulhalik; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yaseri, Mehdi; Yenesew, Muluken; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Younis, Mustafa Z.; El Sayed Zaki, Maysaa; Zodpey, Sanjay; Zein, Bassel; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Hay, Simon I.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Murray, Christopher J.L. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05)
      Objectives: Diarrheal diseases (DD) are an important cause of disease burden, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact children’s potential livelihood through growth faltering, cognitive impairment, ...
    • The burden of disease among people with severe substance use disorders 

      Aas, Christer Frode (Doctoral thesis, 2021-06-14)
      Background: A substance use disorder (SUD) is a potentially severe clinical condition with high co-occurrence of somatic and mental disorders. The burden of disease attributable to substance use contributes to 11.8 million ...
    • The burden of household out-of-pocket health expenditures in Ethiopia: estimates from a nationally representative survey (2015–16) 

      Kiros, Mizan; Dessie, Ermias; Tolla, Mieraf Taddesse; Johansson, Kjell Arne; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Memirie, Solomon Tessema; Verguet, Stéphane; Jbaily, Abdulrahman (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In Ethiopia, little is known about the extent of out-of-pocket health expenditures and the associated financial hardships at national and regional levels. We estimated the incidence of both catastrophic and impoverishing ...
    • The burden of injuries in Ethiopia from 1990-2017: evidence from the global burden of disease study 

      Ali, Solomon; Destaw, Zelalem; Misganaw, Awoke; Worku, Asnake; Negash, Legesse; Bekele, Abebe; Zergaw, Ababi; Walker, Ally; Odell, Chris; Naghavi, Mohsen; Abate, Ebba; Mirkuzie, Alemnesh Hailemariam (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Mortality caused by injuries is increasing and becoming a significant global public health concern. Limited evidence from Ethiopia on road traffic, unintentional and intentional injuries indicate the potential ...
    • The burden of knowing: balancing benefits and barriers in HIV testing decisions. a qualitative study from Zambia 

      Jürgensen, Marte; Tuba, Mary; Fylkesnes, Knut; Blystad, Astrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-01-05)
      Background Client-initiated HIV counselling and testing has been scaled up in many African countries, in the form of voluntary counselling and testing (VCT). Test rates have remained low, with HIV-related stigma being an ...
    • The burden of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: severe impacts on quality of life, daily life functioning and willingness to become pregnant again – results from a cross-sectional study 

      Heitmann, Kristine; Nordeng, Hedvig Marie Egeland; Havnen, Gro Cecilie; Solheimsnes, Anja; Holst, Lone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02-28)
      Background: Though nausea and vomiting is very common during pregnancy, no studies have investigated the impact of this condition on the women’s daily lives in a Scandinavian population. The aim of this study was to describe ...
    • Burden of pulmonary tuberculosis and its major determinants: A national prevalence survey in Tanzania 

      Senkoro, Mbazingwa Fikeni (Doctoral thesis, 2016-11-22)
      Tuberculosis is a major public health problem in Tanzania. The burden of tuberculosis in the country is monitored through a routine notification system. Although the routine tuberculosis surveillance data have been consistent ...
    • Bør arbeid være en del av behandlingstilbudet til unge voksne med psykiske lidelser? 

      Heitmann, Lena (Master thesis, 2010-05-15)
      Background: Unemployment is a major problem among people with serious mental illnesses, even though studies show that up to 70% of people with the diagnosis schizophrenia expresses a wish to work. Aims: This study wants ...