• Laboratory tests in out-of-hours services in Norway. Studies with special emphasis on use and consequences of C-reactive protein test in children 

      Rebnord, Ingrid Keilegavlen (Doctoral thesis, 2017-05-31)
      Background: Children with infections and respiratory symptoms have the highest contact rate with Norwegian out-of-hours (OOH) services, especially in the youngest age group, and during the winter season. Many contacts are ...
    • Large-scale external validation and comparison of prognostic models: An application to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 

      Guerra, Beniamino; Haile, Sarah R.; Lamprecht, Bernd; Ramírez, Ana S.; Martinez-Camblor, Pablo; Kaiser, Bernhard; Alfageme, Inmaculada; Almagro, Pere; Casanova, Ciro; Esteban-González, Cristóbal; Soler-Cataluña, Juan J.; de-Torres, Juan P.; Miravitlles, Marc; Celli, Bartolomé R.; Marin, Jose M.; ter Riet, Gerben; Sobradillo, Patricia; Lange, Peter; Garcia-Aymerich, Judith; Antó, Jósep Maria; Turner, Alice M.; Han, Meilan K.; Langhammer, Arnulf; Leivseth, Linda; Bakke, Per S.; Johannessen, Ane; Oga, Toru; Cosio, Borja; Ancochea-Bermúdez, Julio; Echazarreta, Andrés; Roche, Nicolas; Burgel, Pierre-Régis; Sin, Don D.; Soriano, Joan B.; Puhan, Milo A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-02)
      Background: External validations and comparisons of prognostic models or scores are a prerequisite for their use in routine clinical care but are lacking in most medical fields including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
    • Lead exposure and early child neurodevelopment among children 12–24 months in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo 

      Kashala Abotnes, Esperance; Mumbere, Pépé Penghele; Mishika, Jeannette Mukanya; Ndjukendi, Ally Omba; Mpaka, Davin Beya; Bumoko, Makila-Mabe Guy; Kayembe, Tharcisse Kalula; Tshala-Katumbay, Désiré; Kazadi, Theodore Kayembe; Okitundu, Daniel Luwa E-Andjafono (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-12)
      Childhood lead exposure remains a problem in developing countries, and little is known about its effects on early child neurodevelopment and temperament in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We, therefore, conducted ...
    • Learning from failed health reform in Uganda 

      Okuonzi, Sam Agatre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2004-11-13)
    • Learning from the COVID-19 pandemic among migrants: An innovative, system-level, interdisciplinary approach is needed to improve public health 

      Diaz Perez, Esperanza; Mamelund, Svenn-Erik; Eid, Jarle; Aasen, Henriette Sinding; Kaarbøe, Oddvar Martin; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Gloppen, Siri; Beyer, Anders; Kumar, Bernadette. N (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are amplified among socially vulnerable groups, including international migrants, in terms of both disease transmission and outcomes and the consequences of mitigation measures. Migrants ...
    • Learning team-based quality improvement in a virtual setting: a qualitative study 

      Hovlid, Einar; Husabø, Gunnar; Valestrand, Eivind Alexander; Hartveit, Miriam (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Objective The objective was to explore students’ perceptions of learning quality improvement (QI) in a virtual setting and identify factors that promote or inhibit virtual learning. Design We used an exploratory ...
    • «Learning to Evaluate Movement Quality using Body Awareness Rating Scale - Movement Quality and Experience» A Comparison of Students´ Observational Scores 

      Nilsen, Cecilie Ravndal (Master thesis, 2017-09-23)
      Background: Observing movement quality is of particular importance within physiotherapy since movement quality reflects various health aspects. The ability to observe, describe, score and analyze movement quality is a ...
    • Leddmanipulasjon. En levende behandlingstradisjon i utvikling 

      Swan, Inge Ragnvald (Master thesis, 2014-11-03)
      Purpose: To develop deeper insight into the theoretical basis and clinical use of manipulation. Theory: The history of manipulation and manual therapy provides background while theories about professional knowledge and ...
    • Lederutdanning blant sykepleieledere – gir det økt opplevelse av mestring og trivsel? 

      Krokås, Wibeke (Master thesis, 2009-07)
      Background: The leader role in the health service has been changing a lot during the last years. From taking part in patient care, the leaders are now responsible for finance, systems, human resources and administration. ...
    • Lege- og sjukepleiestudentar sine opplevingar av tverrprofesjonell samarbeidslæring i spesialisthelsetenesta: ein kvalitativ studie 

      Andersen, Irene Aasen; Baerheim, Anders; Hovland, Gro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Medical and nurse students who have practice at Førde Central Hospital are working in interprofessional teams. The students plan and implement care and treatment for a patient with unclear/complex conditions, and are ...
    • Leiing og læring i omstillingssituasjonar 

      Petterteig, Gunn Tove (Master thesis, 2009-10)
      Background: The background for this master thesis is that change in health services is something that is here to stay. Experience shows that there is plenty frustration in an organization when conducting a change. As a ...
    • Lesbisk selvtillit – lesbisk helse. Utfordringer og mestringsstrategier hos lesbiske kvinner 

      Bjørkman, Mari (Doctoral thesis, 2012-09-14)
      Lesbian women make up a sexual minority within a heteronormative society where homosexuality becomes invisible and inferior. Minority stress is the excess stress individuals from stigmatized social categories experience ...
    • Lessons learned from the PMTCT program in Swaziland: challenges with accepting lifelong ART for pregnant and lactating women - a qualitative study 

      Katirayi, Leila Georgena; Chouraya, Caspian; Kudiabor, Kwashie; Mahdi, Mohammed Ali; Kieffer, Mary Pat; Moland, Karen Marie; Tylleskär, Thorkild (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-10-24)
      Background: Swaziland has one of the highest HIV prevalence rates in sub-Saharan Africa, 26 % of the adult population is infected with HIV. The prevalence is highest among pregnant women, at 41.1 %. According to Swaziland’s ...
    • Letter to the Editor 

      Rognstad, Øyvind Bakken; Kaldenbach, Siri; Strand, Tor Arne (Journal article, 2022)
    • Level of education and multiple sclerosis risk after adjustment for known risk factors: The EnvIMS study 

      Bjørnevik, Kjetil Lauvland; Riise, Trond; Cortese, Marianna; Holmøy, Trygve; Kampman, Margitta Theodora; Magalhaes, Sandra; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Wolfson, Christina; Pugliatti, Maura (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05-26)
      Background: Several recent studies have found a higher risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) among people with a low level of education. This has been suggested to reflect an effect of smoking and lower vitamin D status in the ...
    • Level of education and multiple sclerosis risk over a 50-year period: Registry-based sibling study 

      Bjørnevik, Kjetil; Riise, Trond; Benjaminsen, Espen; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Dahl, Ole-Petter; Kampman, Margitta Theodora; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Midgard, Rune; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Torkildsen, Øivind; Vatne, Anita; Grytten, Nina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Background: The conflicting results from studies on socioeconomic status (SES) and multiple sclerosis (MS) risk might be due to a change in the distribution of environmental exposures over time or to methodological limitations ...
    • Life after pelvic organ prolapse surgery: a qualitative study in Amhara region, Ethiopia 

      Gjerde, Janne Lillelid; Rørtveit, Guri; Adefris, Mulat; Belayneh, Tadesse; Blystad, Astrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05-29)
      Background: Women living in resource constrained settings often have limited knowledge of and access to surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse. Additionally, little is known about experiences during recovery periods ...
    • Life expectancy and disease burden in the Nordic countries: results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 

      Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Allebeck, Peter; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; McGrath, John J; Juel, Knud; Agardh, Emilie Elisabet; Arnlöv, Johan; Bjørge, Tone; Carrero, Juan J.; Cederroth, Christopher R; Eggen, Anne Elise; El-Khatib, Ziad; Lycke Ellingsen, Christian; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Gissler, Mika; Hadkhale, Kishor; Havmoeller, Rasmus; Johansson, Lars; Juliusson, Petur Benedikt; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar A.; Kisa, Sezer; Lallukka, Tea; Mekonnen, Teferi; Meretoja, Tuomo J.; Meretoja, Atte; Naghavi, Mohsen; Neupane, Subas; Nguyen, Truc Trung; Petzold, Max; Plana-Ripoll, Oleguer; Shiri, Rahman; Sigurvinsdottir, Rannveig; Skirbekk, Vegard; Skou, Søren T; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Steiner, Timothy J.; Sulo, Gerhard; Truelsen, Thomas Clement; Vasankari, Tommi Juhani; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Vollset, Stein Emil; Vos, Theo; Øverland, Simon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-01)
      Background The Nordic countries have commonalities in gender equality, economy, welfare, and health care, but differ in culture and lifestyle, which might create country-wise health differences. This study compared life ...
    • Lifelong exposure to air pollution and greenness in relation to asthma, rhinitis and lung function in adulthood 

      Kuiper, Ingrid Nordeide; Svanes, Cecilie; Markevych, Iana; Accordini, Simone; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Bråbäck, Lennart; Christensen, Jesper Heile; Forsberg, Bertil; Halvorsen, Thomas; Heinrich, Joachim; Hertel, Ole; Hoek, Gerard; Holm, Mathias; De Hoogh, Kees; Janson, Christer; Malinovschi, Andrei; Marcon, Alessandro; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Sigsgaard, Torben; Johannessen, Ane (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objectives To investigate if air pollution and greenness exposure from birth till adulthood affects adult asthma, rhinitis and lung function. Methods: We analysed data from 3428 participants (mean age 28) in the RHINESSA ...
    • Lifesaving emergency obstetric services are inadequate in south-west Ethiopia: a formidable challenge to reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia 

      Girma, Meseret; Balla, Yaliso Yaya; Gebrehanna, Ewenat; Berhane, Yemane; Lindtjørn, Bernt (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-11-04)
      Background: Most maternal deaths take place during labour and within a few weeks after delivery. The availability and utilization of emergency obstetric care facilities is a key factor in reducing maternal mortality; ...