• Global policies and the provision of birth care in Burkina Faso 

      Melberg, Andrea (Doctoral thesis, 2020-08-20)
      Targets and indicators set at global level are powerful measures that influence health systems in low-income countries. Facility-based births have been promoted as the main strategy for reducing maternal and neonatal death ...
    • Global, regional, and national age-sex specific mortality for 264 causes of death, 1980-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Naghavi, Mohsen; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Ärnlöv, Johan; Afshin, Ashkan; Agrawal, Anurag; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Aiyar, Sneha; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alam, Tahiya; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Ali, Syed Danish; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkaabi, Juma M.; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Allen, Christine; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Anber, Nahla; Andersen, Hjalte H.; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Androudi, Sofia; Ansari, Hossein; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arora, Megha; Artaman, Al; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon W.; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Avila-Burgos, Leticia; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Awasthi, Ashish; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Hailu, Alemayehu; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      Background: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive ...
    • The global, regional, and national burden of oesophageal cancer and its attributable risk factors in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 

      Kamangar, Farin; Nasrollahzadeh, Dariush; Safiri, Saeid; Sepanlou, Sadaf G; Fitzmaurice, Christina; Ikuta, Kevin S.; Bisignano, Catherine; Islami, Farhad; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Lim, Stephen S; Abolhassani, Hassan; Abu-Gharbieh, Eman; Adedoyin, Rufus Adesoji; Advani, Shailesh M.; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Akinyemiju, Tomi; Akunna, Chisom Joyqueenet; Alahdab, Fares; Alipour, Vahid; Bjørge, Tone; Almasi-Hashiani, Amir (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Oesophageal cancer is a common and often fatal cancer that has two main histological subtypes: oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma and oesophageal adenocarcinoma. Updated statistics on the incidence and mortality ...
    • Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 

      Forouzanfar, Mohammad H.; Afshin, Ashkan; Alexander, Lily T.; Aasvang, Gunn Marit; Bjertness, Espen; Htet, Aung Soe; Savic, Miloje; Vollset, Stein Emil; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-10)
      Background: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 provides an up-to-date synthesis of the evidence for risk factor exposure and the attributable burden of disease. By providing national and ...
    • Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Gakidou, Emmanuela; Afshin, Ashkan; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Abyu, Gebre Yitayih; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afarideh, Mohsen; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akseer, Nadia; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alam, Tahiya; Alasfoor, Deena; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Ali, Komal; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Ansari, Hossein; Anto, Josep M.; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arian, Nicholas; Arnlov, Johan; Artaman, A.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Vollset, Stein Emil; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      METHODS: We used the comparative risk assessment framework developed for previous iterations of GBD to estimate levels and trends in exposure, attributable deaths, and attributable disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), ...
    • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 

      Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Arora, Megha; Barber, Ryan M.; Bjertness, Espen; Hailu, Alemayehu; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Savic, Miloje; Skirbekk, Vegard; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Søreide, Kjetil; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-10)
      Background: Healthy life expectancy (HALE) and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) provide summary measures of health across geographies and time that can inform assessments of epidemiological patterns and health system ...
    • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Hay, Simon I.; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abebo, Teshome Abuka; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Hailu, Alemayehu; Htet, Aung Soe; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Kisa, Adnan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      METHODS: We used results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2016 for all-cause mortality, cause-specific mortality, and non-fatal disease burden to derive HALE and DALYs by sex for 195 ...
    • Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. 

      Kyu, Hmwe Hmwe; Abate, Degu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abay, Solomon M.; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbasi, Nooshin; Abbastabar, Hedayat; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdela, Jemal; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Bjørge, Tone; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Eggen, Anne Elise; Htet, Aung Soe; Kisa, Adnan; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Sulo, Gerhard; Steiner, Timothy J.; Murray, Christopher J L (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-08)
      Background How long one lives, how many years of life are spent in good and poor health, and how the population's state of health and leading causes of disability change over time all have implications for policy, planning, ...
    • Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Vos, Theo; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdulle, Abdishakur M.; Abebo, Teshome Abuka; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Aboyans, Victor; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Ackerman, Ilana N.; Adamu, Abdu Abdullahi; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afarideh, Mohsen; Afshin, Ashkan; Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar; Aggarwal, Rakesh; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadieh, Hamid; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibtihel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Aiyar, Sneha; Akinyemi, Rufus Olusola; Akseer, Nadia; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alam, Tahiya; Alasfoor, Deena; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Ali, Raghib; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allebeck, Peter; Allen, Christine; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Alsowaidi, Shirina; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Amini, Erfan; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Htet, Aung Soe; Kisa, Adnan; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Tollånes, Mette Christophersen; Skirbekk, Vegard Fykse; Steiner, Timothy J.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      Background: As mortality rates decline, life expectancy increases, and populations age, non-fatal outcomes of diseases and injuries are becoming a larger component of the global burden of disease. The Global Burden of ...
    • Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 

      James, Spencer L; Abate, Degu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abay, Solomon M.; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbasi, Nooshin; Abbastabar, Hedayat; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abdela, Jemal; Abdelalim, Ahmed; Abdollahpour, Ibrahim; Abdulkader, Rizwan Suliankatchi; Abebe, Zegeye; Abera, Semaw F; Abil, Olifan Zewdie; Abraha, Haftom Niguse; Abu-Raddad, Laith J; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Stovner, Lars Jacob; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Kisa, Adnan; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Steiner, Timothy J.; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11)
      Background: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2017 (GBD 2017) includes a comprehensive assessment of incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) for 354 causes in 195 countries ...
    • Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 

      Wang, Haidong; Naghavi, Mohsen; Allen, Christine; Vollset, Stein Emil; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Hailu, Alemayehu; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Bjertness, Espen; Htet, Aung Soe; Søreide, Kjetil; Weiderpass, Elisabete; White, Richard; Krog, Norun Hjertager (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-10)
      Background: Improving survival and extending the longevity of life for all populations requires timely, robust evidence on local mortality levels and trends. The Global Burden of Disease 2015 Study (GBD 2015) provides a ...
    • Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Wang, Haidong; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abate, Kalkidan Hassen; Abbafati, Cristiana; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abd-Allah, Foad; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abraha, Haftom Niguse; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Abu-Rmeileh, Niveen M. E.; Adedeji, Isaac Akinkunmi; Adedoyin, Rufus Adesoji; Adetifa, Ifedayo Morayo O.; Adetokunboh, Olatunji; Afshin, Ashkan; Aggarwal, Rakesh; Agrawal, Anurag; Agrawal, Sutapa; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmed, Muktar Beshir; Aichour, Amani Nidhal; Aichour, Ibthiel; Aichour, Miloud Taki Eddine; Aiyar, Sneha; Akanda, Shafqat; Akinyemiju, Tomi F.; Akseer, Nadia; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Alabed, Samer; Alahdab, Fares; Al-Aly, Ziyad; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alasfoor, Deena; Aldridge, Robert William; Alene, Kefyalew Addis; Alhabib, Samia; Ali, Raghib; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Aljunid, Syed M.; Alkaabi, Juma M.; Alkerwi, Ala'a; Alla, Francois; Allam, Shalini D.; Allebeck, Peter; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Martin, Elena Alvarez; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T.; Ameh, Emmanuel A.; Amini, Erfan; Ammar, Walid; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Anber, Nahla; Andrei, Catalina Liliana; Androudi, Sofia; Ansari, Hossein; Ansha, Mustafa Geleto; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Arnlöv, Johan; Arora, Megha; Al Artaman, A.; Aryal, Krishna Kumar; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Asghar, Rana Jawad; Assadi, Reza; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Atre, Sachin R.; Avila-Burgos, Leticia; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G. Arthur; Awasthi, Ashish; Quintanilla, Beatriz Paulina Ayala; Babalola, Tesleem Kayode; Bacha, Umar; Badawi, Alaa; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Balalla, Shivanthi; Barac, Aleksandra; Barber, Ryan M.; Barboza, Miguel A.; Barker-Collo, Suzanne L.; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Htet, Aung Soe; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Vollset, Stein Emil; Weiderpass, Elisabete (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09)
      Background: Detailed assessments of mortality patterns, particularly age-specific mortality, represent a crucial input that enables health systems to target interventions to specific populations. Understanding how all-cause ...
    • Go to work or report sick? A focus group study on decisions of sickness presence among offshore catering section workers 

      Krohne, Kariann; Magnussen, Liv Heide (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-03-18)
      Background: To identify and explore the factors promoting sickness presenteeism among offshore catering section workers. Methods: Twenty men and women, working in the offshore catering section onboard three offshore oil ...
    • Gonartrose og manuellterapi: "Vil manuellterapeutisk mobilisering redusere smerter og øke funksjon hos en fysisk svært aktiv pasient med unilateral gonartrose?" 

      Lorentsen, Audun Smeby (Master thesis, 2012-10-30)
      Background: Knee osteoarthritis is considered the most common disease in the world to affect synovial joints. There is moderate to strong evidence for using individually tailored exercise therapy as main intervention. ...
    • Good clinical outcomes from a 7-year holistic programme of fistula repair in Guinea 

      Delamou, Alexandre; Diallo, Moustapha; Beavogui, Abdoul Habib; Delvaux, Thérèse; Millimono, Sita; Kourouma, Mamady; Beattie, Karen; Barone, Mark; Barry, Thierno Hamidou; Khogali, Mohamed; Edginton, Mary; Hinderaker, Sven Gudmund; Ruminjo, Joseph; Zhang, Wei-Hong; De Brouwere, Vincent (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-03-06)
      Objectives. Female genital fistula remains a public health concern in developing countries. From January 2007 to September 2013, the Fistula Care project, managed by EngenderHealth in partnership with the Ministry of Health ...
    • GP consultations for common mental disorders and subsequent sickness certification: register-based study of the employed population in Norway 

      Holmås, Tor Helge; Gjesdal, Sturla; Hetlevik, Øystein; Monstad, Karin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-08-17)
      Background. Challenges related to work are in focus when employed people with common mental disorders (CMDs) consult their GPs. Many become sickness certified and remain on sick leave over time.   Objectives. To investigate ...
    • GP utilisation by education level among adults with COPD or asthma: A cross-sectional register-based study 

      Hetlevik, Øystein; Melbye, Hasse; Gjesdal, Sturla (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-06-09)
      There is a marked socioeconomic gradient in the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma, but a large proportion of patients remain undiagnosed. It is a challenge for general practitioners (GPs) ...
    • GPs' negotiation strategies regarding sick leave for subjective health complaints 

      Nilsen, Stein; Malterud, Kirsti; Werner, Erik L.; Mæland, Silje; Magnussen, Liv Heide (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      Objectives. To explore general practitioners’ (GPs’) specific negotiation strategies regarding sick-leave issues with patients suffering from subjective health complaints. Design. Focus-group study. Setting. Nine focus-group ...
    • The Growing Burden of Tuberculosis in Nigeria: trends of the disease prevalence and treatment outcome in Enugu state 

      Dim, Cyril Chukwudi (Master thesis, 2010-06-03)
      Background: The burden of tuberculosis in Nigeria is the third highest in the world. The data from the TB programme of the States' ministries of health are usually unpublished which possibly contributes to the prevailing ...
    • Growth effects of exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa: the cluster-randomised PROMISE EBF trial 

      Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Jackson, Debra; Fadnes, Lars Thore; Nankabirwa, Victoria; Diallo, Abdoulaye Hama; Doherty, Tanya Mark; Lombard, Carl; Swanevelder, Sonja; Nankunda, Jolly; Ramokolo, Vundli; Sanders, David; Wamani, Henry; Meda, Nicolas; Tumwine, James K.; Ekström, Eva-Charlotte; Van de Perre, Philippe; Kankasa, Chipepo; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Tylleskär, Thorkild; on behalf of the PROMISE EBF-study group (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-21)
      Background: In this multi-country cluster-randomized behavioural intervention trial promoting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Africa, we compared growth of infants up to 6 months of age living in communities where peer ...