PVTx Properties of a Two-phase CO2 Jet from Ruptured Pipeline
Peer reviewed, Journal article
MetadataShow full item record
- Geophysical Institute 
Span and Wagner equation of state (SW EOS) have been used to investigate changes in the thermodynamic properties of CO2 during a depressurization process from a pipeline into marine environment. The process is assumed to be isenthalpic, as only the thermodynamic change at the moment of depressurization is considered. The calculations show that the depth location of the pipeline influences greatly the density, temperature and volume changes, because of the difference in the surrounding pressures. In general the two-phase area is reached at depths shallower than 600 meters, which yields for the Norwegian Continental Shelf, as it is mainly shallower than 500 meters depth. There is a rapid decrease in density in the two-phase area causing a rapid expansion in the volume of CO2 from 4 MPa to 1 MPa. At the shallowest depth considered (100m) the volume fraction consist almost entirely of gas, and the density change give a significant increase in volume.