Now showing items 107-126 of 290

    • Feasibility and Acceptability of Using a Mobile Phone App for Characterizing Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Adolescents With Early-Onset Psychosis: Exploratory Study 

      Smelror, Runar; Bless, Josef J; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Agartz, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-14)
      Background: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are the most frequent symptom in early-onset psychosis (EOP) and a risk factor for increased suicide attempts in adolescents. Increased knowledge of AVH characteristics can ...
    • A follow-up study of first episode major depressive disorder. Impairment in inhibition and semantic fluency—potential predictors for relapse? 

      Schmid, Marit Therese (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-09-13)
      The present study investigated the Executive Functions (EF) of inhibition, mental flexibility and phonemic and semantic fluency in a 1-year follow-up assessment of patients diagnosed with first episode Major Depressive ...
    • From observed laterality to latent hemispheric differences: Revisiting the inference problem 

      Sørensen, Øystein; Westerhausen, René (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Researchers interested in hemispheric dominance frequently aim to infer latent functional differences between the hemispheres from observed lateral behavioural or brain-activation differences. To be valid, these inferences ...
    • The functional and structural asymmetries of the superior temporal sulcus 

      Specht, Karsten; Wigglesworth, Philip (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-02)
      The superior temporal sulcus (STS) is an anatomical structure that increasingly interests researchers. This structure appears to receive multisensory input and is involved in several perceptual and cognitive core functions, ...
    • Functional asymmetry and effective connectivity of the auditory system during speech perception is modulated by the place of articulation of the consonant – A 7 T fMRI study 

      Specht, Karsten; Baumgartner, Florian; Stadler, Jörg; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Pollmann, Stefan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-11)
      To differentiate between stop-consonants, the auditory system has to detect subtle place of articulation (PoA) and voice-onset time (VOT) differences between stop-consonants. How this differential processing is represented ...
    • Functional brain networks in the schizophrenia spectrum and bipolar disorder with psychosis 

      van Dellen, Edwin; Börner, Corinna; Schutte, Maya; van Montfort, Simone; Abramovic, Lucija; Boks, Marco P.; Cahn, Wiepke; van Haren, Neeltje E.M.; Mandl, René; Stam, Cornelis J.; Sommer, Iris Else Clara (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Psychotic experiences have been proposed to lie on a spectrum, ranging from subclinical experiences to treatment-resistant schizophrenia. We aimed to characterize functional connectivity and brain network characteristics ...
    • Functional connectome differences in individuals with hallucinations across the psychosis continuum 

      Schutte, Maya J. L.; Bohlken, Marc M.; Collin, Guusje; Abramovic, Lucija; Boks, Marco P. M.; Cahn, Wiepke; Dauwan, Meenakshi; van Dellen, Edwin; van Haren, Neeltje E. M.; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Koops, Sanne; Mandl, René C. W.; Sommer, Iris E. C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Hallucinations may arise from an imbalance between sensory and higher cognitive brain regions, reflected by alterations in functional connectivity. It is unknown whether hallucinations across the psychosis continuum exhibit ...
    • Gender stereotypes and incremental beliefs in STEM and non-STEM students in three countries: relationships with performance in cognitive tasks 

      Moè, Angelica; Hausmann, Markus; Hirnstein, Marco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Women’s underrepresentation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) has been linked, among others, to gender stereotypes and ability-related beliefs as well as gender differences in specific cognitive ...
    • Gender-stereotyping and cognitive sex differences in mixed- and same-sex groups 

      Hirnstein, Marco; Andrews, Lisa Coloma; Hausmann, Markus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-13)
      Sex differences in specific cognitive abilities are well documented, but the biological, psychological, and sociocultural interactions that may underlie these differences are largely unknown. We examined within a biopsychosocial ...
    • Genome-wide analyses of aggressiveness in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder 

      Brevik, Erlend Joramo; van Donkelaar, Marjolein M J; Weber, Heike; Sanchez-Mora, Cristina; Jacob, Christian; Rivero, Olga; Kittel-Schneider, Sarah; Garcia-Martinez, Iris; Aebi, Marcel; van Hulzen, Kimm; Cormand, Bru; Ramos-Quiroga, Josep A; Lesch, Klaus-Peter; Reif, Andreas; Ribases, Marta; Franke, Barbara; Posserud, Maj-Britt Rocio; Johansson, Stefan; Lundervold, Astri; Haavik, Jan; Zayats, Tetyana (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-03-29)
      Aggressiveness is a behavioral trait that has the potential to be harmful to individuals and society. With an estimated heritability of about 40%, genetics is important in its development. We performed an exploratory ...
    • Glutamate- and GABA-Modulated Connectivity in Auditory Hallucinations—A Combined Resting State fMRI and MR Spectroscopy Study 

      Weber, Sarah; Hjelmervik, Helene; Craig-Craven, Alexander Richard; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Løberg, Else-Marie; Ersland, Lars; Kompus, Kristiina; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) have been linked to aberrant interhemispheric connectivity between the left and the right superior temporal gyrus (STG), labeled the interhemispheric miscommunication theory. ...
    • Glutamatergic modulation of auditory cortex connectivity with attentional brain networks in unpredictable perceptual environment 

      Kompus, Kristiina; Volehaugen, Vegard; Craven, Alexander R.; Specht, Karsten (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In a stable environment the brain can minimize processing required for sensory input by forming a predictive model of the surrounding world and suppressing neural response to predicted stimuli. Unpredicted stimuli lead to ...
    • Group Study of Simulated Driving fMRI Data by Multiset Canonical Correlation Analysis 

      Li, Yi-Ou; Eichele, Tom; Calhoun, Vince D.; Adali, Tulay (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011)
      In this work, we apply a novel statistical method, multiset canonical correlation analysis (M-CCA), to study a group of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) datasets acquired during simulated driving task. The M-CCA ...
    • GWAS meta-analysis reveals novel loci and genetic correlates for general cognitive function: a report form the COGENT consortium 

      Trampush, Joey W.; Yang, M.L.Z.; Yu, Jin; Knowles, Emma; Davies, Gail; Liewald, David C.M.; Starr, John M.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Sundet, Kjetil Søren; Christoforou, Andrea; Reinvang, Ivar; DeRosse, Pamela; Lundervold, Astri; Steen, Vidar Martin; Espeseth, Thomas; Räikkönen, Katri; Widén, Elisabeth; Palotie, Aarno; Eriksson, Johan Gunnar; Giegling, Ina; Konte, Bettina; Roussos, Panos; Giakoumaki, Stella; Burdick, Katherine E.; Payton, Antony; Ollier, William E.R.; Horan, Michael Arthur; Chiba-Falek, Ornit; Attix, Deborah K.; Need, Anna C.; Cirulli, Elizabeth Trilby; Voineskos, Aristotle N.; Stefanis, Nikos C.; Avramopoulos, Dimitrios A.; Hatzimanolis, Alex; Arking, Dan E.; Smyrnis, Nikolaos; Bilder, Robert Martin; Freimer, Nelson A.; Cannon, Tyrone D.; London, Edyth; Poldrack, Russell Alan; Sabb, Fred W.; Congdon, Eliza L.; Conley, Emily Drabant; Scult, Matthew A.; Dickinson, Dwight; Straub, Richard E.; Donohoe, Gary J.; Morris, Derek W.; Corvin, Aiden; Gill, Michael; Hariri, Ahmad; Weinberger, Daniel R.; Pendleton, Neil; Bitsios, Panos; Rujescu, Dan; Lahti, Jari; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Keller, Matthew C.; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Deary, Ian John; Glahn, David C.; Malhotra, Anil K.; Lencz, Todd (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-17)
      The complex nature of human cognition has resulted in cognitive genomics lagging behind many other fields in terms of gene discovery using genome-wide association study (GWAS) methods. In an attempt to overcome these ...
    • Hallucinations in healthy older adults: An overview of the literature and perspectives for future research 

      Badcock, Johanna C.; Dehon, Hedwige; Larøi, Frank (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07-07)
      Studies suggest a substantial minority of healthy older adults have hallucinatory experiences, in line with existing evidence on hallucinations in other age groups, though it is still unclear if hallucination prevalence ...
    • Hallucinations in older adults: A practical review 

      Badcock, Johanna C.; Larøi, Frank; Kamp, Karina; Kelsall-Foreman, India; Bucks, Romola S.; Weinborn, Michael; Begemann, Marieke; Taylor, John-Paul; Collerton, Daniel; O'Brien, John T.; El Haj, Mohamad; Ffytche, Dominic; Sommer, Iris Else Clara (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      By 2050, it is estimated that 16% of people will be aged above 65 years, compared with 9% in 2019.1 Population aging is driving increased attention to the physical and mental health needs of older adults. Here, our focus ...
    • Hallucinations under psychedelics and in the schizophrenia spectrum: An interdisciplinary and multiscale comparison 

      Leptourgos, Pantelis; Fortier-Davy, Martin; Carhart-Harris, Robin; Corlett, Philip; Dupuis, David; Halberstadt, Adam L.; Kometer, Michael; Kozakova, Eva; Larøi, Frank; Noorani, Tehseen N.; Preller, Katrin H.; Waters, Flavie; Zaytseva, Yuliya; Jardri, Renaud (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The recent renaissance of psychedelic science has reignited interest in the similarity of drug-induced experiences to those more commonly observed in psychiatric contexts such as the schizophrenia-spectrum. This report ...
    • Heroic music stimulates empowering thoughts during mind-wandering 

      Kölsch, Stefan; Jentschke, Sebastian; Bashevkin, Tobias; Kristensen, Joakim; Tvedt, Jonas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-16)
      It is generally well-known, and scientifically well established, that music affects emotions and moods. However, only little is known about the influence of music on thoughts. This scarcity is particularly surprising given ...
    • Hostility and aggressive behaviour in first episode psychosis: Results from the OPTiMiSE trial 

      Faay, Margo D.M.; van Baal, G. Caroline M.; Arango, Celso; Diaz-Caneja, Covadonga M.; Berger, Gregor; Leucht, Stefan; Bobes, Julio; Saiz, Pilar A.; García-Portilla, María Paz; van de Brug, Resy; Petter, Jocelyn; Winter-van Rossum, Inge; Sommer, Iris Else Clara (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aim: The aim of this paper is to determine clinical factors related to hostility and disturbing and aggressive behaviour and to examine the effect of medication on these behaviours in FEP. Methods: Data from phase I and ...
    • How brain asymmetry relates to performance – a large-scale dichotic listening study 

      Hirnstein, Marco; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Hausmann, Markus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-01-02)
      All major mental functions including language, spatial and emotional processing are lateralized but how strongly and to which hemisphere is subject to inter- and intraindividual variation. Relatively little, however, is ...