Now showing items 1-14 of 14

  • Cobalamin and folate status in 6 to 35 months old children presenting with acute diarrhea in Bhaktapur, Nepal 

    Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Adhikari, Ramesh K.; Sharma, Pushpa R.; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Refsum, Helga; Strand, Tor A. (PLoS, 2014-03-03)
    Background: Cobalamin and folate are essential micronutrients and are important in DNA and RNA synthesis, cell proliferation, growth, hematopoiesis, and cognitive function. However, data on cobalamin and folate status are ...
  • Early infant feeding practices in three African countries: the PROMISE-EBF trial promoting exclusive breastfeeding by peer counsellors 

    Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Nankabirwa, Victoria; Doherty, Tanya Mark; Diallo, Abdoulaye Hama; Nankunda, Jolly; Fadnes, Lars Thore; Ekström, Eva-Charlotte; Ramokolo, Vundli; Meda, Nicolas; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Jackson, Debra; Tylleskär, Thorkild; Tumwine, James K.; For the PROMISE-EBF study group (BioMed Central, 2014-11-18)
    Background: Immediate and exclusive initiation of breastfeeding after delivery has been associated with better neonatal survival and child health and are recommended by the WHO. We report its impact on early infant feeding ...
  • Effect of withholding breastfeeding on the immune response to a live oral rotavirus vaccine in North Indian infants 

    Rongsen-Chandola, Temsunaro; Strand, Tor A.; Goyal, Nidhi; Flem, Elmira; Singh Rathore, Sudeep; Arya, Alok; Winje, Brita Askeland; Lazarus, Robin; Shanmugasundaram, Elango; Babji, Sudhir; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Vainio, Kirsti; Kang, Gagandeep; Bhandari, Nita (Elsevier, 2014-08-11)
    Interference from transplacental and breast milk antibodies may impede the performance of oral livevaccines. The effect of breastfeeding on the immunogenicity of Rotarix®, a two-dose oral monova-lent rotavirus vaccine, was ...
  • Experimental infection of healthy volunteers with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli wild-type strain TW10598 in a hospital ward 

    Skrede, Steinar; Steinsland, Hans; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Aase, Audun; Brandtzaeg, Per; Langeland, Nina; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Sævik, Marianne; Wallevik, Marita; Skutlaberg, Dag Harald; Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Sack, David A.; Nataro, James P.; Guttormsen, Anne Berit (BioMed Central, 2014-09-04)
    Background: Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is an important cause of childhood diarrhea in resource-limited regions. It is also an important cause of diarrhea in travellers to these areas. To evaluate the protective ...
  • Growth effects of exclusive breastfeeding promotion by peer counsellors in sub-Saharan Africa: the cluster-randomised PROMISE EBF trial 

    Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Jackson, Debra; Fadnes, Lars Thore; Nankabirwa, Victoria; Diallo, Abdoulaye Hama; Doherty, Tanya Mark; Lombard, Carl; Swanvelder, Sonja; Nankunda, Jolly; Ramokolo, Vundli; Sanders, David; Wamani, Henry; Meda, Nicolas; Tumwine, James K.; Ekström, Eva-Charlotte; Van de Perre, Philippe; Kankasa, Chipepo; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Tylleskär, Thorkild; on behalf of the PROMISE EBF-study group (BioMed Central, 2014-06-21)
    Background: In this multi-country cluster-randomized behavioural intervention trial promoting exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in Africa, we compared growth of infants up to 6 months of age living in communities where peer ...
  • The high burden of infant deaths in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study 

    Diallo, Abdoulaye Hama; Meda, Nicolas; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Traore, Germain S.; Cousens, Simon; Tylleskär, Thorkild (BioMed Central, 2012-09-05)
    Background: Infant mortality rates (IMR) remain high in many sub-Saharan African countries, especially in rural settings where access to health services may be limited. Studies in such communities can provide relevant ...
  • Is vaccination coverage a good indicator of age-appropriate vaccination? A prospective study from Uganda 

    Fadnes, Lars T.; Nankabirwa, Victoria; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Tylleskar, Thorkild; Tumwine, James K; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S. (Elsevier, 2011-04-27)
    Background: Timely vaccination is important to protect children from common infectious diseases. We assessed vaccination timeliness and vaccination coverage as well as coverage of vitamin A supplementation in a Ugandan ...
  • Malaria Parasitaemia among Infants and Its Association with Breastfeeding Peer Counselling and Vitamin A Supplementation: A Secondary Analysis of a Cluster Randomized Trial 

    Nankabirwa, Victoria; Tylleskär, Thorkild; Nankunda, Jolly; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Tumwine, James K. (Public Library of Science, 2011-07-07)
    Background: Malaria is the second highest contributor to the disease burden in Africa and there is a need to identify low cost prevention strategies. The objectives of this study were to estimate the prevalence of malaria ...
  • Maternal education is associated with vaccination status of infants less than 6 months in Eastern Uganda: a cohort study 

    Nankabirwa, Victoria; Tylleskär, Thorkild; Tumwine, James K.; Sommerfelt, Halvor; PROMISE-EBF Study group (BioMed Central, 2010-12-15)
    Background: Despite provision of free childhood vaccinations, less than half of all Ugandan infants are fully vaccinated. This study compares women with some secondary schooling to those with only primary schooling with ...
  • Perinatal Mortality in Eastern Uganda: A Community Based Prospective Cohort Study 

    Nankabirwa, Victoria; Tumwine, James K.; Tylleskär, Thorkild; Nankunda, Jolly; Sommerfelt, Halvor (Public Library of Science, 2011-05-09)
    Background: To achieve a child mortality reduction according to millennium development goal 4, it is necessary to considerably reduce neonatal mortality. We report stillbirth and early neonatal mortality risks as well as ...
  • Perinatal mortality in rural Burkina Faso: a prospective community-based cohort study 

    Diallo, Abdoulaye Hama; Meda, Nicolas; Zabsonré, Emmanuel; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Cousens, Simon; Tylleskär, Thorkild (BioMed Central, 2010-08-17)
    Background: There is a scarcity of reliable data on perinatal mortality (PNM) in Sub-Saharan Africa. The PROMISEEBF trial, during which we promoted exclusive breastfeeding, gave us the opportunity to describe the epidemiology ...
  • Risk Factors for Extended Duration of Acute Diarrhea in Young Children 

    Strand, Tor A.; Sharma, Pushpa R.; Gjessing, Håkon K.; Ulak, Manjeswori; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Adhikari, Ramesh K.; Sommerfelt, Halvor (Public Library of Science, 2012-05-08)
    Objective and Background: We sought to identify predictors of extended duration of diarrhea in young children, which contributes substantially to the nearly 1 1/2 million annual diarrheal deaths globally. Methods: We ...
  • RNA viruses in community-acquired childhood pneumonia in semi-urban Nepal; a cross-sectional study 

    Mathisen, Maria; Strand, Tor A.; Sharma, Biswa N.; Chandyo, Ram Krishna; Valentiner-Branth, Palle; Basnet, Sudha; Adhikari, Ramesh K.; Hvidsten, Dag; Shrestha, Prakash S.; Sommerfelt, Halvor (BioMed Central, 2009-07-27)
    Background: Pneumonia is among the main causes of illness and death in children <5 years of age. There is a need to better describe the epidemiology of viral community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in developing countries. Methods: ...
  • Vaccination coverage and timeliness in three South African areas: a prospective study 

    Fadnes, Lars Thore; Jackson, Debra; Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Zembe, Wanga; Sanders, David; Sommerfelt, Halvor; Tylleskär, Thorkild (BioMed Central, 2011-05-27)
    Background: Timely vaccination is important to induce adequate protective immunity. We measured vaccination timeliness and vaccination coverage in three geographical areas in South Africa. Methods: This study used ...