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Co-existing symptoms and risk factors among African school children with hyperactivity-inattention symptoms in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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dc.contributor.author Kashala, Espérance
dc.contributor.author Lundervold, Astri Johansen
dc.contributor.author Sommerfelt, Kristian
dc.contributor.author Tylleskär, Thorkild
dc.contributor.author Elgen, Irene
dc.date.accessioned 2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.date.available 2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.date.issued 2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.identifier.citation European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 15(5): 292-299
dc.identifier.issn 1018-8827
dc.identifier.issn 1435-165X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/1123
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-006-0536-5
dc.description.abstract The aims of the study were to explore hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and co-existing symptoms of emotional and behavioural problems among African school children and their relationship with health status, socio-demographic factors, and school performance. Method: A case-control approach was used. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to explore the co-existing emotional and behavioural symptoms and a semi-structured interview with parents to explore the socio-demographic variables. The sample included 357 school children at the age of seven to nine years: 183 children were defined as cases, defined by abnormal scores on the SDQ hyperactivity-inattention scale (SDQ-HI) and 174 randomly selected children among those with normal scores on the SDQ-HI were defined as controls. No age and gender differences were noticed between the two groups. Results: A younger maternal age at childbirth, and poor school performances were more frequent among cases than controls. Three quarter of the hyperactive-inattentive children had co-existing symptoms according to SDQ, the most common being conduct problems. Conclusion: As in other cultures, co-existence of hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems was found in this African setting. Further validation of behavioural screening instruments in African children is called for. en
dc.format.extent 65607 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.rights Copyright Springer
dc.subject Hyperactivity-inattention en
dc.subject SDQ en
dc.subject Socio-demographic factors en
dc.subject Co-existing symptoms en
dc.title Co-existing symptoms and risk factors among African school children with hyperactivity-inattention symptoms in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo en
dc.type Journal article en
dc.type Peer reviewed
dc.type.version submittedVersion
bora.journalTitle European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
bibo.volume 15
bibo.issue 5
bibo.pageStart 292
bibo.pageEnd 299


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