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Co-existing symptoms and risk factors among African school children with hyperactivity-inattention symptoms in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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dc.contributor.author Kashala, Espérance eng
dc.contributor.author Lundervold, Astri Johansen eng
dc.contributor.author Sommerfelt, Kristian eng
dc.contributor.author Tylleskär, Thorkild eng
dc.contributor.author Elgen, Irene Bircow eng
dc.date.accessioned 2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.date.available 2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.date.issued 2006-03-08T08:59:39Z eng
dc.identifier.citation European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 15(5): 292-299
dc.identifier.issn 1018-8827 eng
dc.identifier.issn 1435-165X eng
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/1123
dc.description.abstract The aims of the study were to explore hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and co-existing symptoms of emotional and behavioural problems among African school children and their relationship with health status, socio-demographic factors, and school performance. Method: A case-control approach was used. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to explore the co-existing emotional and behavioural symptoms and a semi-structured interview with parents to explore the socio-demographic variables. The sample included 357 school children at the age of seven to nine years: 183 children were defined as cases, defined by abnormal scores on the SDQ hyperactivity-inattention scale (SDQ-HI) and 174 randomly selected children among those with normal scores on the SDQ-HI were defined as controls. No age and gender differences were noticed between the two groups. Results: A younger maternal age at childbirth, and poor school performances were more frequent among cases than controls. Three quarter of the hyperactive-inattentive children had co-existing symptoms according to SDQ, the most common being conduct problems. Conclusion: As in other cultures, co-existence of hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems was found in this African setting. Further validation of behavioural screening instruments in African children is called for. en
dc.format.extent 65607 bytes eng
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf eng
dc.language.iso eng eng
dc.subject Hyperactivity-inattention eng
dc.subject SDQ eng
dc.subject Socio-demographic factors eng
dc.subject Co-existing symptoms eng
dc.title Co-existing symptoms and risk factors among African school children with hyperactivity-inattention symptoms in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo eng
dc.type Journal article eng
dc.rights.holder Copyright Springer
dc.type.version submittedVersion eng
bora.journalTitle European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry eng
bibo.volume 15 eng
bibo.issue 5 eng
bibo.pageStart 292 eng
bibo.pageEnd 299 eng
bibo.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-006-0536-5 eng
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-006-0536-5


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