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dc.contributor.authorKashala, Espéranceeng
dc.contributor.authorLundervold, Astri Johanseneng
dc.contributor.authorSommerfelt, Kristianeng
dc.contributor.authorTylleskär, Thorkildeng
dc.contributor.authorElgen, Irene Bircoweng
dc.date.accessioned2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.date.available2006-03-08T08:59:39Z
dc.date.issued2006-03-08T08:59:39Zeng
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 15(5): 292-299
dc.identifier.issn1018-8827eng
dc.identifier.issn1435-165Xeng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1956/1123
dc.description.abstractThe aims of the study were to explore hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and co-existing symptoms of emotional and behavioural problems among African school children and their relationship with health status, socio-demographic factors, and school performance. Method: A case-control approach was used. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was used to explore the co-existing emotional and behavioural symptoms and a semi-structured interview with parents to explore the socio-demographic variables. The sample included 357 school children at the age of seven to nine years: 183 children were defined as cases, defined by abnormal scores on the SDQ hyperactivity-inattention scale (SDQ-HI) and 174 randomly selected children among those with normal scores on the SDQ-HI were defined as controls. No age and gender differences were noticed between the two groups. Results: A younger maternal age at childbirth, and poor school performances were more frequent among cases than controls. Three quarter of the hyperactive-inattentive children had co-existing symptoms according to SDQ, the most common being conduct problems. Conclusion: As in other cultures, co-existence of hyperactivity-inattention symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems was found in this African setting. Further validation of behavioural screening instruments in African children is called for.en
dc.format.extent65607 byteseng
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfeng
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.subjectHyperactivity-inattentioneng
dc.subjectSDQeng
dc.subjectSocio-demographic factorseng
dc.subjectCo-existing symptomseng
dc.titleCo-existing symptoms and risk factors among African school children with hyperactivity-inattention symptoms in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congoeng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.rights.holderCopyright Springer
dc.type.versionsubmittedVersioneng
bora.journalTitleEuropean Child & Adolescent Psychiatryeng
bibo.volume15eng
bibo.issue5eng
bibo.pageStart292eng
bibo.pageEnd299eng
bibo.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-006-0536-5eng
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-006-0536-5


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