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Teacher ratings of mental health among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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dc.contributor.author Kashala, Espérance
dc.contributor.author Elgen, Irene
dc.contributor.author Sommerfelt, Kristian
dc.contributor.author Tylleskär, Thorkild
dc.date.accessioned 2006-03-09T17:22:13Z
dc.date.available 2006-03-09T17:22:13Z
dc.date.issued 2005
dc.identifier.citation European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 14(4): 208-215
dc.identifier.issn 1018-8827
dc.identifier.issn 1435-165X
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/1125
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0446-y
dc.description.abstract <p>Introduction: In Africa, little is known about child mental health. This study piloted the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Kinshasa, investigated mental health problems and the association between these problems and school performance, demographic factors, illness and nutrition.</p> <p>Methods: An epidemiological survey was conducted with 1187 children, seven to nine years old, recruited from randomly selected schools. Mental health problems were assessed with the SDQ (a behavioural screening tool) administered to teachers. Stability of the factor structure was examined using principal component factor analysis of the SDQ items. The reliability was evaluated using measures of internal consistency of the SDQ scales.</p> <p>Results: Factor analysis yielded five factors, similar to the published SDQ scales. The internal consistency was satisfactory on all of the SDQ scales. Using the 90th percentile, the cut-off scores were somewhat higher from the published cut-off scores. Poor nutrition, low socioeconomic status and illness were found to increase the risk for mental health problems and low school performance.</p> <p>Conclusion: SDQ may be considered useful to describe mental health problems among urban African children in Kinshasa. An association between mental health, school performance, demographic factors, illness and nutrition was found.</p>
dc.format.extent 342373 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher Springer Verlag en
dc.rights Copyright 2005 Springer
dc.title Teacher ratings of mental health among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo en
dc.type Journal article en
dc.type Peer reviewed
dc.type.version acceptedVersion
bora.peerreviewed Peer reviewed
bora.journalTitle European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
bibo.volume 14
bibo.issue 4
bibo.pageStart 208
bibo.pageEnd 215


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