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dc.contributor.authorKashala, Espéranceeng
dc.contributor.authorElgen, Irene Bircoweng
dc.contributor.authorSommerfelt, Kristianeng
dc.contributor.authorTylleskär, Thorkildeng
dc.date.accessioned2006-03-09T17:22:13Z
dc.date.available2006-03-09T17:22:13Z
dc.date.issued2005eng
dc.identifier.citationEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 14(4): 208-215
dc.identifier.issn1018-8827eng
dc.identifier.issn1435-165Xeng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1956/1125
dc.description.abstract<p>Introduction: In Africa, little is known about child mental health. This study piloted the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Kinshasa, investigated mental health problems and the association between these problems and school performance, demographic factors, illness and nutrition.</p> <p>Methods: An epidemiological survey was conducted with 1187 children, seven to nine years old, recruited from randomly selected schools. Mental health problems were assessed with the SDQ (a behavioural screening tool) administered to teachers. Stability of the factor structure was examined using principal component factor analysis of the SDQ items. The reliability was evaluated using measures of internal consistency of the SDQ scales.</p> <p>Results: Factor analysis yielded five factors, similar to the published SDQ scales. The internal consistency was satisfactory on all of the SDQ scales. Using the 90th percentile, the cut-off scores were somewhat higher from the published cut-off scores. Poor nutrition, low socioeconomic status and illness were found to increase the risk for mental health problems and low school performance.</p> <p>Conclusion: SDQ may be considered useful to describe mental health problems among urban African children in Kinshasa. An association between mental health, school performance, demographic factors, illness and nutrition was found.</p>
dc.format.extent342373 byteseng
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfeng
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.publisherSpringer Verlageng
dc.titleTeacher ratings of mental health among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congoeng
dc.typeJournal articleeng
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2005 Springer
dc.type.versionacceptedVersioneng
bora.peerreviewedPeer reviewedeng
bora.journalTitleEuropean Child and Adolescent Psychiatryeng
bibo.volume14eng
bibo.issue4eng
bibo.pageStart208eng
bibo.pageEnd215eng
bibo.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0446-yeng
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0446-y


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