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Teacher ratings of mental health among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo

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dc.contributor.author Kashala, Espérance eng
dc.contributor.author Elgen, Irene Bircow eng
dc.contributor.author Sommerfelt, Kristian eng
dc.contributor.author Tylleskär, Thorkild eng
dc.date.accessioned 2006-03-09T17:22:13Z
dc.date.available 2006-03-09T17:22:13Z
dc.date.issued 2005 eng
dc.identifier.citation European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 14(4): 208-215
dc.identifier.issn 1018-8827 eng
dc.identifier.issn 1435-165X eng
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/1125
dc.description.abstract <p>Introduction: In Africa, little is known about child mental health. This study piloted the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Kinshasa, investigated mental health problems and the association between these problems and school performance, demographic factors, illness and nutrition.</p> <p>Methods: An epidemiological survey was conducted with 1187 children, seven to nine years old, recruited from randomly selected schools. Mental health problems were assessed with the SDQ (a behavioural screening tool) administered to teachers. Stability of the factor structure was examined using principal component factor analysis of the SDQ items. The reliability was evaluated using measures of internal consistency of the SDQ scales.</p> <p>Results: Factor analysis yielded five factors, similar to the published SDQ scales. The internal consistency was satisfactory on all of the SDQ scales. Using the 90th percentile, the cut-off scores were somewhat higher from the published cut-off scores. Poor nutrition, low socioeconomic status and illness were found to increase the risk for mental health problems and low school performance.</p> <p>Conclusion: SDQ may be considered useful to describe mental health problems among urban African children in Kinshasa. An association between mental health, school performance, demographic factors, illness and nutrition was found.</p>
dc.format.extent 342373 bytes eng
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf eng
dc.language.iso eng eng
dc.publisher Springer Verlag eng
dc.title Teacher ratings of mental health among school children in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo eng
dc.type Journal article eng
dc.rights.holder Copyright 2005 Springer
dc.type.version acceptedVersion eng
bora.peerreviewed Peer reviewed eng
bora.journalTitle European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry eng
bibo.volume 14 eng
bibo.issue 4 eng
bibo.pageStart 208 eng
bibo.pageEnd 215 eng
bibo.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0446-y eng
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00787-005-0446-y


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