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Intimate partner violence and infant morbidity: evidence of an association from a population-based study in eastern Uganda in 2003

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dc.contributor.author Karamagi, Charles A. S.
dc.contributor.author Tumwine, James K.
dc.contributor.author Tylleskär, Thorkild
dc.contributor.author Heggenhougen, Kristian
dc.date.accessioned 2008-05-23T11:05:20Z
dc.date.available 2008-05-23T11:05:20Z
dc.date.issued 2007-11-07
dc.identifier.citation BMC Pediatrics 2007 7(34) en
dc.identifier.issn 1471-2431
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2431-7-34
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/2672
dc.description.abstract Background: Although recent studies suggest that there is an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. It is against this background that as a secondary objective, we set out to explore whether an association exists between intimate partner violence and illness in infants. Methods: We conducted a population based household survey in Mbale, eastern Uganda in 2003. Participants were 457 women (with 457 infants) who consented to participate in the study. We measured socio-demographics of women and occurrence of intimate partner violence. We measured socio-demographics, immunization, nutritional status, and illness in the previous two weeks of the children. Results: The mean age of the women was 25 years (SD 5.7) while the mean age of the infants was 6 months (SD 3.5). The prevalence of lifetime intimate partner violence was 54% (95% CI 48%– 60%). During the previous two weeks, 50% (95% CI 50%–54%) of the children had illness (fever, diarrhoea, cough and fast breathing). Lifetime intimate partner violence was associated with infant illness (OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.2–2.8) and diarrhoea (OR 2.0, 95% CI 1.2–3.4). Conclusion: Our findings suggest that infant illnesses (fever, diarrhoea, cough and fast breathing) are associated with intimate partner violence, and provide insights into previous reports that have shown an association between intimate partner violence and child mortality, suggesting possible underlying mechanisms. Our findings also highlight the importance of intimate partner violence on the health of children, and the need for further research in this area. en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.rights Copyright 2007 Karamagi et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.
dc.title Intimate partner violence and infant morbidity: evidence of an association from a population-based study in eastern Uganda in 2003 en
dc.type Journal article en
dc.type Peer reviewed en
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Samfunnsmedisin, sosialmedisin: 801 no
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Klinisk medisinske fag: 750::Pediatri: 760 no


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