En studie av prestedrakten og dens kommunikative aspekter
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The chasuble is a garment that has been in use in both the Roman Catholic and the Protestant church, and it has its origin in the Roman times. For this paper I have photo documented chasubles from four of the churches in the Bergen deanery, located in Bergen city center, and the chasubles that are a part of the permanent display at Bergen Museum. My material ranges from approximately the year 1200 until the present day. I have looked into the history behind the chasubles and other garments that priests in the Protestant church of Norway use as a part of their clerical costume. I have analyzed the role of the chasuble as a silent communicator of religious messages within the church. Over the centuries the chasuble has gone true many changes, the general shape of the garment has stayed the same, but themes, colour and symbolism have been altered during the different periods. The chasuble got its first symbols around 1200, in the form of crosses. Since then, the chasuble has been more elaborately decorated and other symbols have been added. There are differences in the use of symbols between the pre-reformatory (before 1537), post-reformatory (1537 - 1930) and the younger chasubles (1930 - 2008). The younger chasubles have more decorations than the post-reformatory dresses, and often with a much richer use of symbols and colors.