Interactive visual analysis of multi-faceted scientific data
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Visualization plays an important role in exploring, analyzing and presenting large and heterogeneous scientific data that arise in many disciplines of medicine, research, engineering, and others. We can see that model and data scenarios are becoming increasingly multi-faceted: data are often multi-variate and time-dependent, they stem from different data sources (multi-modal data), from multiple simulation runs (multi-run data), or from multi-physics simulations of interacting phenomena that consist of coupled simulation models (multi-model data). The different data characteristics result in special challenges for visualization research and interactive visual analysis. The data are usually large and come on various types of grids with different resolution that need to be fused in the visual analysis. This thesis deals with different aspects of the interactive visual analysis of multi-faceted scientific data. The main contributions of this thesis are: 1) a number of novel approaches and strategies for the interactive visual analysis of multi-run data; 2) a concept that enables the feature-based visual analysis across an interface between interrelated parts of heterogeneous scientific data (including data from multi-run and multi-physics simulations); 3) a model for visual analysis that is based on the computation of traditional and robust estimates of statistical moments from higher-dimensional multi-run data; 4) procedures for visual exploration of time-dependent climate data that support the rapid generation of promising hypotheses, which are subsequently evaluated with statistics; and 5) structured design guidelines for glyph-based 3D visualization of multi-variate data together with a novel glyph. All these approaches are incorporated in a single framework for interactive visual analysis that uses powerful concepts such as coordinated multiple views, feature specification via brushing, and focus+context visualization. Especially the data derivation mechanism of the framework has proven to be very useful for analyzing different aspects of the data at different stages of the visual analysis. The proposed concepts and methods are demonstrated in a number of case studies that are based on multi-run climate data and data from a multi-physics simulation.
Paper A: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 14(6), Kehrer, J.; Ladstädter, F.; Muigg, P.; Doleisch, H.; Steiner, A. and H. Hauser, Hypothesis generation in climate research with interactive visual data exploration, pp. 1579–1586. Accepted version. Copyright 2008 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The published version is available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2008.139Paper B: Lie, A.; Kehrer, J. and H. Hauser, Critical design and realization aspects of glyph-based 3D data visualization. In Proc. Spring Conference on Computer Graphics (SCCG 2009), pages 27–34, 2009.Paper C: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 17(7), Kehrer, J.; Muigg, P.; Doleisch, H. and H. Hauser, Interactive visual analysis of heterogeneous scientific data across an interface, pp. 934–946. Accepted version. Copyright 2011 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. The published version is available at:http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2010.111Paper D: Computer Graphics Forum, 29(3), Kehrer, J.; Filzmoser P.and H. Hauser, Brushing moments in interactive visual analysis, pp.813–822. Accepted version. Copyright 2010 Wiley-Blackwell. The published version is available at:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8659.2009.01697.x