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dc.contributor.authorValhammer, Rogereng
dc.date.accessioned2011-09-02T08:38:51Z
dc.date.available2011-09-02T08:38:51Z
dc.date.issued2011-06-01eng
dc.date.submitted2011-06-01eng
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1956/4924
dc.description.abstractThis thesis aims to determine if election boycott is a sound strategy if the opposition in Arab states aspires democratization. No scholars have conducted research focusing on this specific subject up to date, despite the recent increase in the numbers of parliamentary elections being boycotted in the Arab region. The general research question is: What are the democratizing effects of opposition boycott of parliamentary elections in the Arab world?" Studies on election boycotts do not abound, but generally speaking, there are two opposing camps. On the one hand, one finds those scholars who support the arguments following Staffan I. Lindberg's theory of democratization by elections. On the other hand, there are those who argue for the possible democratizing effects of certain types of boycotts, namely major boycotts. Based on the fact that the Arab world evidently has not democratized due to the various regimes' electoral openings, I anticipated democratizing effects of major boycotts. In order to identify possible boycott effects on the democratization process in Arab states, the thesis employed the method of comparative historical analyses, including both qualitative and quantitative approaches, to test possible effects on specific democratizing variables. The analyses were conducted utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data, including my own collected data, Judith Kelley's dataset, monitor reports as well as other secondary sources. The quantitative results showed that there were no democratizing effects from minor election boycotts or election boycotts in general, while there were positive correlations between major boycotts and some of the dependent variables. The likelihood for causal correlations, however, was weakened by the qualitative study. The qualitative analyses indicate that if major boycotts have effects, it is in interaction with other more important contextual factors. These findings are also strengthened by the strong correlation between non-hegemonic regimes and the effect of boycotts. However, these results are tentative, and cannot be confirmed without more extensive research. In conclusion then, this thesis suggests that the democratizing potential of boycotting parliamentary elections in the Arab world is not substantial, although possibly higher when major boycotts are interacting with other crucial external or internal contextual variables.en_US
dc.format.extent1162853 byteseng
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfeng
dc.language.isoengeng
dc.publisherThe University of Bergeneng
dc.subjectDemocratizationeng
dc.subjectArab stateseng
dc.subjectMiddle Easteng
dc.subjectElection boycotteng
dc.subjectBoycotteng
dc.titleIs boycott the best way to participate ? A study of the possible democratizing effects of election boycotts in the Arab world: 1990-2010eng
dc.typeMaster thesiseng
dc.type.degreeMaster i Sammenliknende politikknob
dc.type.courseSAMPOL350eng
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Social science: 200::Political science and organizational theory: 240::Comparative politics: 241eng
dc.subject.archivecodeMastergradeng
dc.subject.nus731114eng
dc.type.programMASV-SAPOeng


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