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Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with asthma

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dc.contributor.author Fasmer, Ole Bernt
dc.contributor.author Halmøy, Anne
dc.contributor.author Eagan, Tomas M. L.
dc.contributor.author Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim
dc.contributor.author Haavik, Jan
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-20T12:50:59Z
dc.date.available 2012-01-20T12:50:59Z
dc.date.issued 2011-08-07
dc.identifier.citation BMC Psychiatry 2011, 11:128 en
dc.identifier.issn 1471-244X
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-11-128
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/5478
dc.description.abstract Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly recognized as a common disorder not only in children, but also in the adult population. Similarly, asthma also has a substantial prevalence among adults. Previous studies concerning a potential relationship between ADHD and asthma have not presented consistent results. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 594 adult patients diagnosed with ADHD, compared with 719 persons from the general population. Information was collected between 1997 and 2005 using auto-questionnaires rating past and present symptoms of ADHD, co-morbid conditions, including asthma, and work status. Results: The prevalence of asthma was significantly higher in the ADHD patient group compared to the controls, 24.4% vs. 11.3% respectively (OR = 2.54, 95% CI 1.89-3.44), and controls with asthma scored higher on ratings of both past and present symptoms of ADHD. Female ADHD patients had a significantly higher prevalence of asthma compared to male ADHD patients (30.9% vs. 18.2%, OR = 2.01, CI 1.36-2.95), but in controls a slight female preponderance was not statistically significant. In both ADHD patients and controls, having asthma was associated with an increased prevalence of symptoms of mood- and anxiety disorders. Conclusions: The present findings point to a co-morbidity of ADHD and asthma, and these patients may represent a clinical and biological subgroup of adult patients with ADHD. en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher BioMed Central en
dc.rights Copyright 2011 Fasmer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. en
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/ en
dc.title Adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is associated with asthma en
dc.type Peer reviewed en
dc.type Journal article en
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Medical disciplines: 700::Clinical medical disciplines: 750 en
dc.type.version publishedVersion en
bora.cristinID 847690


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Copyright 2011 Fasmer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Copyright 2011 Fasmer et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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