Now showing items 21-40 of 243

  • Attentional bias in snus users: An experimental study 

    Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Sætrevik, Bjørn; Molde, Helge; Wiium, Nora; Hetland, Jørn; Fagerland, Ida; Nordnes, Linn Tinnesand; Storemark, Sunniva Straume; Fossum, Ingrid Nesdal; Pallesen, Ståle (PLoS, 2014-10-08)
    The use of nicotine in the form of ‘‘snus’’ is substantial and increasing in some geographic areas, in particular among young people. It has previously been suggested that addictions may operate through a mechanism of ...
    Journal article
  • Attitudes toward gambling among adolescents 

    Hanss, Daniel; Mentzoni, Rune Aune; Delfabbro, Paul; Myrseth, Helga; Pallesen, Ståle (Taylor & Francis, 2014)
    It is well documented that attitudes toward gambling are a good predictor of problem gambling during adolescence. However, so far, little is known about what factors are associated with adolescents' gambling attitudes. ...
    Journal article
  • Attitudes towards smoking restrictions and tobacco advertisement bans in Georgia 

    Bakhturidze, George; Mittelmark, Maurice B.; Aarø, Leif Edvard; Peikrishvili, Nana T. (BMJ, 2013)
    Objectives: This study aims to provide data on a public level of support for restricting smoking in public places and banning tobacco advertisements.Design: A nationally representative multistage sampling design, with ...
    Journal article
  • Auditory verbal hallucinations in persons with and without a need for care 

    Johns, Louise C.; Kompus, Kristiina; Connell, Melissa; Humpston, Clara; Lincoln, Tania M.; Longden, Eleanor; Preti, Antonio; Alderson-Day, Ben; Badcock, Johanna C.; Cella, Matteo; Fernyhough, Charles; McCarthy-Jones, Simon; Peters, Emmanuelle; Raballo, Andrea; Scott, James; Siddi, Sara; Sommer, Iris E.; Larøi, Frank (Oxford University Press, 2014)
    Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) are complex experiences that occur in the context of various clinical disorders. AVH also occur in individuals from the general population who have no identifiable psychiatric or ...
    Journal article
  • Autism spectrum symptoms in children with neurological disorders 

    Ryland, Hilde Katrin; Hysing, Mari; Posserud, Maj-Britt; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundervold, Astri Johansen (Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 2012-11-12)
    Background: The aims of the present study were to assess symptoms associated with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children with neurological disorders as reported by parents and teachers on the Autism Spectrum Screening ...
    Peer reviewedJournal article
  • Autistic features in school age children: IQ and gender effects in a population-based cohort 

    Ryland, Hilde Katrin; Hysing, Mari; Posserud, Maj-Britt Rocio; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundervold, Astri (Elsevier, 2014-03)
    Level and characteristics of intellectual function (IQ) have been associated with symptom presentation in children with autism spectrum disorder. The present study examined associations between IQ and autistic features in ...
    Journal article
  • Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction in Leisure Activities and Adolescents’ Life Satisfaction 

    Leversen, Ingrid; Danielsen, Anne G.; Birkeland, Marianne Skogbrott; Samdal, Oddrun (Springer US, 2012-12)
    Participation in leisure activities is an important arena for the positive psychological development of adolescents. The present study set out to examine the relationship between adolescents’ satisfaction of the ...
    Peer reviewedJournal article
  • Beware the angry leader: Trait anger and trait anxiety as predictors of petty tyranny 

    Kant, Leo; Skogstad, Anders; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Einarsen, Ståle (Elsevier, 2013)
    Drawing on the general aggression model and theories of victimization and temperamental goodness-of-fit, we investigated trait anger and trait anxiety as antecedents of petty tyranny: employing a multilevel design with ...
    Journal article
  • Breast-, complementary and bottle-feeding practices in Kenya: stagnant trends were experienced from 1998 to 2009 

    Matanda, Dennis Juma; Mittelmark, Maurice B.; Kigaru, Dorcus Mbithe D. (Elsevier, 2014-06-02)
    The pattern of infant and young child feeding that provides the most benefit includes being put to the breast within an hour of birth, exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months, continued breastfeeding along with complementary ...
    Journal article
  • Building adherence-competent communities: Factors promoting children's adherence to anti-retroviral HIV/AIDS treatment in rural Zimbabwe 

    Campbell, Catherine; Skovdal, Morten; Mupambireyi, Zivai; Madanhire, Claudius; Nyamukapa, Constance; Gregson, Simon (Elsevier, 2012-03)
    Given relatively high levels of adherence to HIV treatment in Africa, we explore factors facilitating children's adherence, despite poverty, social disruption and limited health infrastructure. Using interviews with 25 ...
    Journal article
  • Building Teacher Identity in a New Partnership Project, - Multiple Perspectives 

    Halvorsen, Kirsti Vindal (Macrothink Institute, 2014-02)
    This paper explores the process of identity building among novice student teachers enrolled in a newly established partnership project embedded in a four-year Norwegian teacher education program. The empirical evidence ...
    Journal article
  • Can I Make a Difference? The Role of General and Domain-specific Self-efficacy in Sustainable Consumption Decisions 

    Hanss, Daniel; Böhm, Gisela (Pabst Science Publishers, 2010)
    We report a study which explored sustainable development self-efficacy (SDSE) beliefs, that is, domain-specific self-efficacy beliefs concerning one’s ability to foster sustainable development. We propose that ...
    Journal article
  • Can sustained arousal explain the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome? 

    Wyller, Vegard B.; Eriksen, Hege Randi; Malterud, Kirsti (BioMed Central, 2009-02-23)
    We present an integrative model of disease mechanisms in the Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), unifying empirical findings from different research traditions. Based upon the Cognitive activation theory of stress (CATS), ...
    Journal article
  • Changes in alcohol use and relationship satisfaction in Norwegian couples during pregnancy 

    Mellingen, Sonja; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Thuen, Frode (BioMed Central, 2013-01-28)
    Background: Numerous studies have documented a profound reduction in alcohol use among pregnant women, whereas research on expectant fathers has been scarce. The aim of this study was to measure changes in alcohol consumption ...
    Journal article
  • Changes in BMI-distribution from 1966–69 to 1995–97 in adolescents. The Young-HUNT study, Norway 

    Bjørnelv, Sigrid; Lydersen, Stian; Mykletun, Arnstein; Holmen, Turid Lingaas (BioMed Central, 2007-10-04)
    Background: The aim of this study was to explore changes in the BMI-distribution over time among Norwegian adolescents. Methods: Height and weight were measured in standardised ways and BMI computed in 6774 adolescents ...
    Journal articlePeer reviewed
  • Changes in hippocampal neurogenesis throughout early development 

    Kuipers, Sjoukje D.; Schroeder, Joern E.; Trentani, Andrea (Elsevier, 2014-08-01)
    Adult hippocampal neurogenesis drastically diminishes with age but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, age-related influences on the hippocampal early neuroprogenitor cell (NPC) pool was examined by quantifying ...
    Journal article
  • Child undernutrition in Kenya: trend analyses from 1993 to 2008-09 

    Matanda, Dennis Juma; Mittelmark, Maurice B.; Kigaru, Dorcus Mbithe D. (BioMed Central, 2014-01-13)
    Background: Research on trends in child undernutrition in Kenya has been hindered by the challenges of changing criteria for classifying undernutrition, and an emphasis in the literature on international comparisons of ...
    Journal article
  • Children with dyslexia show cortical hyperactivation in response to increasing literacy processing demands 

    Morken, Frøydis; Helland, Turid; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Specht, Karsten (Frontiers, 2014-12-22)
    This fMRI study aimed to examine how differences in literacy processing demands may affect cortical activation patterns in 11- to 12-year-old children with dyslexia as compared to children with typical reading skills. ...
    Journal article
  • Clickers and Formative Feedback at University Lectures 

    Egelandsdal, Kjetil; Krumsvik, Rune Johan (Springer, 2015)
    Lecturing is often criticized for being a monological and student passive way of teaching. However, digital technology such as Student Response Systems (SRS) can be used to reconstruct the traditional lecturing format. ...
    Journal article
  • Clinical Significance of Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD) in Insomnia Patients 

    Sivertsen, Børge; Omvik, Siri; Straume, Sivert; Pallesen, Ståle; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Havik, Odd E. (Bentham Open, 2008)
    Peer reviewedJournal article