Now showing items 21-40 of 49

    • Impaired HDL function amplifies systemic inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Rashidi, Azita; Otterdal, Kari; Gregersen, Ida; Kong, Xiang Yi; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-01)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by inadequate antibody responses and recurrent bacterial infections. Paradoxically, a majority of CVID patients ...
    • Increased circulating IL-18 levels in severe mental disorders indicate systemic inflammasome activation 

      Szabo, Attila; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Ueland, Thor; Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed; Agartz, Ingrid; Andreou, Dimitrios; Aukrust, Pål; Boye, Birgitte; Bøen, Erlend; Drange, Ole Kristian; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Engh, John; Hope, Sigrun; Høegh, Margrethe Collier; Joa, Inge; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Lekva, Tove; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Melle, Ingrid; Morken, Gunnar; Nærland, Terje; Steen, Vidar Martin; Sørensen, Kjetil; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Weibell, Melissa Anne Elin Authen; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Steen, Nils Eiel; Andreassen, Ole; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental illnesses (SMI) that are part of a psychosis continuum, and dysregulated innate immune responses have been suggested to be involved in their ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...
    • Increased severity and mortality in adults co-infected with malaria and HIV in Maputo, Mozambique: a prospective cross-sectional study 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Aukrust, Pål; David, Catarina; Gonca, Miguel; Berg, Einar Sverre; Dalen, Ingvild; Langeland, Nina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-02-05)
      Background: Co-infection with falciparum malaria and HIV-1 increases the severity and mortality of both infections in unstable malaria-transmission areas. In contrast, in stable transmission areas, HIV co-infection increases ...
    • Inflammation markers in multiple sclerosis: CXCL16 reflects and may also predict disease activity 

      Holmøy, Trygve; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Bakke, Jacob; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Michelsen, Annika; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-09-19)
      Background. Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the ...
    • Instability in NAD+ metabolism leads to impaired cardiac mitochondrial function and communication 

      Lauritzen, Knut H.; Olsen, Maria Belland; Ahmed, Mohammed Shakil; Yang, Kuan; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Bergersen, Linda H.; Esbensen, Qin Ying; Sverkeli, Lars Jansen; Ziegler, Mathias; Attramadal, Håvard; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enzymes initiate (mt)DNA repair mechanisms and use nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as energy source. Prolonged PARP activity can drain cellular NAD+ reserves, leading to de-regulation ...
    • IP-10 differentiates between active and latent tuberculosis irrespective of HIV status and declines during therapy 

      Wergeland, Ida; Pullar, Nadine Durema; Assmus, Jörg; Ueland, Thor; Tonby, Kristian; Feruglio, Siri; Kvale, Dag; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04)
      Objectives: Biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy efficacy in tuberculosis (TB) are requested. We have studied biomarkers that may differentiate between active and latent TB infection (LTBI), the influence of HIV infection ...
    • Krill oil attenuates left ventricular dilatation after myocardial infarction in rats 

      Fosshaug, Linn Elisabeth; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Beitnes, Jan Otto; Berge, Kjetil; Vik, Hogne; Aukrust, Pål; Gullestad, Lars; Vinge, Leif Erik; Øie, Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-12-29)
      Background: In the western world, heart failure (HF) is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular mortality. Supplement with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to improve cardiac function in HF ...
    • Low fibre intake is associated with gut microbiota alterations in chronic heart failure 

      Mayerhofer, Cristiane C.K.; Kummen, Martin; Holm, Kristian; Broch, Kaspar; Awoyemi, Ayodeji Olawale; Vestad, Beate; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Ueland, Thor; Bohov, Pavol; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Gullestad, Lars; Yndestad, Arne; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Trøseid, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aims Recent reports have suggested that patients with heart failure (HF) have an altered gut microbiota composition; however, associations with diet remain largely uninvestigated. We aimed to explore differences in the ...
    • Lower circulating neuron-specific enolase concentrations in adults and adolescents with severe mental illness 

      Andreou, Dimitrios; Steen, Nils Eiel; Jørgensen, Kjetil Nordbø; Smelror, Runar Elle; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Nerland, Stener; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Nærland, Terje; Myhre, Anne Margrethe; Joa, Inge; Reitan, Solveig Merete Klæbo; Vaaler, Arne; Morken, Gunnar; Bøen, Erlend; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Boye, Birgitte; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Skrede, Silje; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Johnsen, Erik; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole; Ueland, Thor; Agartz, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental abnormalities have been suggested to be part of the etiopathology of severe mental illness (SMI). Neuron-specific enolase (NSE), mainly located in the neuronal ...
    • Neil3-dependent base excision repair regulates lipid metabolism and prevents atherosclerosis in Apoe-deficient mice 

      Skarpengland, Tonje; Holm, Sverre; Scheffler, Katja; Gregersen, Ida; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Østlie, Ingunn; Otten, Jeroen J.T.; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Ketelhuth, Daniel F.J.; Lundberg, Anna M.; Neurauter, Christine Gran; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Skjelland, Mona; Bjørndal, Bodil; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Iversen, Per Ole; Hedin, Ulf; Nygård, Ståle; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Slupphaug, Geir; Eide, Lars; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Folkersen, Lasse; Ueland, Thor; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Hansson, Göran K.; Biessen, Erik A.L.; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative DNA damage accumulates in atherosclerosis. Recently, we showed that a genetic variant in the human DNA repair enzyme NEIL3 was associated with increased risk of myocardial ...
    • NLRP3 inflammasome deficiency attenuates metabolic disturbances involving alterations in the gut microbial profile in mice exposed to high fat diet 

      Sokolova, Marina; Yang, Kuan; Hansen, Simen Hyll; Louwe, Mieke C.; Kummen, Martin; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Sjaastad, Ivar; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Ranheim, Trine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Obesity-related diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders) represent an increasing health problem worldwide. NLRP3 inflammasome activation may underlie obesity-induced inflammation and insulin ...
    • NLRP3 inflammasome promotes myocardial remodeling during diet-induced obesity 

      Sokolova, Marina; Sjaastad, Ivar; Louwe, Maria Cornelia; Alfsnes, Katrine; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Zhang, Lili; Haugstad, Solveig Bjærum; Bendiksen, Bård Andre; Øgaard, Jonas; Bliksøen, Marte; Lien, Egil; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Ranheim, Trine; Yndestad, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-16)
      Background: Obesity is an increasingly prevalent metabolic disorder in the modern world and is associated with structural and functional changes in the heart. The NLRP3 inflammasome is an innate immune sensor that can be ...
    • OXR1A, a Coactivator of PRMT5 Regulating Histone Arginine Methylation 

      Yang, Mingyi; Lin, Xiaolin; Segers, Filip; Suganthan, Rajikala; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Aas, Per Arne; Sousa, Mirta; Holm, Sverre; Bolstad, Nils; Warren, David; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Johansen, Rune Forstrøm; Yndestad, Arne; Kristiansen, Elise; Klungland, Arne; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Eide, Lars; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Oxidation resistance gene 1 (OXR1) protects cells against oxidative stress. We find that male mice with brain-specific isoform A knockout (Oxr1A−/−) develop fatty liver. RNA sequencing of male Oxr1A−/− liver indicates ...
    • Persistent pulmonary pathology after COVID‑19 is associated with high viral load, weak antibody response, and high levels of matrix metalloproteinase‑9 

      Lerum, Tøri Vigeland; Maltzahn, Niklas; Aukrust, Pål; Trøseid, Marius; Nezvalova-Henriksen, Katerina; Kåsine, Trine; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Haugli, Mette; Blomberg, Bjørn; Kittang, Bård Reiakvam; Johannessen, Asgeir; Hannula, Raisa; Aballi, Saad; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Eiken, Ragnhild; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Müller, Fredrik; Rivero, Jezabel Rodriguez; Meltzer, Carin; Einvik, Gunnar; Ueland, Thor; Olsen, Inge Christoffer; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Aaløkken, Trond Mogens; Skjønsberg, Ole Henning (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The association between pulmonary sequelae and markers of disease severity, as well as pro-fibrotic mediators, were studied in 108 patients 3 months after hospital admission for COVID-19. The COPD assessment test (CAT-score), ...
    • Plasma levels of interleukin 27 in falciparum malaria is increased independently of co-infection with HIV: potential immune-regulatory role during malaria 

      Otterdal, Kari; Berg, Åse; Michelsen, Annika; Patel, Sam; Gregersen, Ida; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Langeland, Nina; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The immune response during falciparum malaria mediates both harmful and protective effects on the host; however the participating molecules have not been fully defined. Interleukin (IL)-27 is a pleiotropic ...
    • Plasma parasitemia as assessed by quantitative PCR in relation to clinical disease severity in African adults with falciparum malaria with and without HIV co-infection 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Haanshuus, Christel Gill; Dalen, Ingvild; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Moyo, Sabrina John; Aukrust, Pål; Langeland, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Purpose When considering malaria disease severity, estimation of parasitemia in erythrocytes is important, but sometimes misleading, since the infected erythrocytes may be sequestered in peripheral capillaries. In African ...
    • Plasma tumour necrosis factor correlates with mRNA expression of tumour necrosis factor and mitochondrial transcription factors in skeletal muscle in patients with chronic heart failure treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy: potential role in myopathy 

      Larsen, Alf Inge; Valborgland, Torstein; Ogne, Christer; Lindal, Sigurd; Halvorsen, Bente; Munk, Peter Scott; Kvaløy, Jan Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by inflammation and skeletal muscle myopathy, including impaired fibre type distribution and reduced capillary density, reduced cytochrome oxidase activity and reduced mitochondrial ...
    • Predictors of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - results from the Bergen COPD Cohort Study 

      Husebø, Gunnar Reksten; Bakke, Per; Aanerud, Marianne; Hardie, Jon Andrew; Ueland, Thor; Grønseth, Rune; Persson, Louise Jeanette Pauline; Aukrust, Pål; Eagan, Tomas Mikal (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10-03)
      Background: COPD exacerbations accelerate disease progression. Aims To examine if COPD characteristics and systemic inflammatory markers predict the risk for acute COPD exacerbation (AECOPD) frequency and duration. Methods: ...
    • The relationship between Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23) and cardiac MRI findings following primary PCI in patients with acute first time STEMI 

      Thorsen, Inga Strand; Gøransson, Lasse Gunnar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Manhenke, Cord A; Skadberg, Øyvind; Jonsson, Grete; Ørn, Stein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a regulator of mineral metabolism, that has been linked to myocardial remodeling including development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. The ...