Now showing items 21-40 of 44

    • Inflammation markers in multiple sclerosis: CXCL16 reflects and may also predict disease activity 

      Holmøy, Trygve; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Bakke, Jacob; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Michelsen, Annika; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-09-19)
      Background. Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the ...
    • Instability in NAD+ metabolism leads to impaired cardiac mitochondrial function and communication 

      Lauritzen, Knut H.; Olsen, Maria Belland; Ahmed, Mohammed Shakil; Yang, Kuan; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Bergersen, Linda H.; Esbensen, Qin Ying; Sverkeli, Lars Jansen; Ziegler, Mathias; Attramadal, Håvard; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enzymes initiate (mt)DNA repair mechanisms and use nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) as energy source. Prolonged PARP activity can drain cellular NAD+ reserves, leading to de-regulation ...
    • IP-10 differentiates between active and latent tuberculosis irrespective of HIV status and declines during therapy 

      Wergeland, Ida; Pullar, Nadine Durema; Assmus, Jörg; Ueland, Thor; Tonby, Kristian; Feruglio, Siri; Kvale, Dag; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04)
      Objectives: Biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy efficacy in tuberculosis (TB) are requested. We have studied biomarkers that may differentiate between active and latent TB infection (LTBI), the influence of HIV infection ...
    • Krill oil attenuates left ventricular dilatation after myocardial infarction in rats 

      Fosshaug, Linn Elisabeth; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Beitnes, Jan Otto; Berge, Kjetil; Vik, Hogne; Aukrust, Pål; Gullestad, Lars; Vinge, Leif Erik; Øie, Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-12-29)
      Background: In the western world, heart failure (HF) is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular mortality. Supplement with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to improve cardiac function in HF ...
    • Low fibre intake is associated with gut microbiota alterations in chronic heart failure 

      Mayerhofer, Cristiane C.K.; Kummen, Martin; Holm, Kristian; Broch, Kaspar; Awoyemi, Ayodeji Olawale; Vestad, Beate; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Ueland, Thor; Bohov, Pavol; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Gullestad, Lars; Yndestad, Arne; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Trøseid, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Aims Recent reports have suggested that patients with heart failure (HF) have an altered gut microbiota composition; however, associations with diet remain largely uninvestigated. We aimed to explore differences in the ...
    • Lower circulating neuron-specific enolase concentrations in adults and adolescents with severe mental illness 

      Andreou, Dimitrios; Steen, Nils Eiel; Jørgensen, Kjetil Nordbø; Smelror, Runar Elle; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Nerland, Stener; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Nærland, Terje; Myhre, Anne Margrethe; Joa, Inge; Reitan, Solveig Merete Klæbo; Vaaler, Arne; Morken, Gunnar; Bøen, Erlend; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Boye, Birgitte; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Skrede, Silje; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Johnsen, Erik; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole; Ueland, Thor; Agartz, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental abnormalities have been suggested to be part of the etiopathology of severe mental illness (SMI). Neuron-specific enolase (NSE), mainly located in the neuronal ...
    • Neil3-dependent base excision repair regulates lipid metabolism and prevents atherosclerosis in Apoe-deficient mice 

      Skarpengland, Tonje; Holm, Sverre; Scheffler, Katja; Gregersen, Ida; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Suganthan, Rajikala; Segers, Filip; Østlie, Ingunn; Otten, Jeroen J.T.; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Ketelhuth, Daniel F.J.; Lundberg, Anna M.; Neurauter, Christine Gran; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Skjelland, Mona; Bjørndal, Bodil; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Iversen, Per Ole; Hedin, Ulf; Nygård, Ståle; Olstad, Ole Kristoffer; Krohg-Sørensen, Kirsten; Slupphaug, Geir; Eide, Lars; Kusnierczyk, Anna; Folkersen, Lasse; Ueland, Thor; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Hansson, Göran K.; Biessen, Erik A.L.; Halvorsen, Bente; Bjørås, Magnar; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative DNA damage accumulates in atherosclerosis. Recently, we showed that a genetic variant in the human DNA repair enzyme NEIL3 was associated with increased risk of myocardial ...
    • NLRP3 inflammasome deficiency attenuates metabolic disturbances involving alterations in the gut microbial profile in mice exposed to high fat diet 

      Sokolova, Marina; Yang, Kuan; Hansen, Simen Hyll; Louwe, Mieke C.; Kummen, Martin; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Sjaastad, Ivar; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne; Ranheim, Trine (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Obesity-related diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disorders) represent an increasing health problem worldwide. NLRP3 inflammasome activation may underlie obesity-induced inflammation and insulin ...
    • NLRP3 inflammasome promotes myocardial remodeling during diet-induced obesity 

      Sokolova, Marina; Sjaastad, Ivar; Louwe, Maria Cornelia; Alfsnes, Katrine; Aronsen, Jan Magnus; Zhang, Lili; Haugstad, Solveig Bjærum; Bendiksen, Bård Andre; Øgaard, Jonas; Bliksøen, Marte; Lien, Egil; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Ranheim, Trine; Yndestad, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-16)
      Background: Obesity is an increasingly prevalent metabolic disorder in the modern world and is associated with structural and functional changes in the heart. The NLRP3 inflammasome is an innate immune sensor that can be ...
    • OXR1A, a Coactivator of PRMT5 Regulating Histone Arginine Methylation 

      Yang, Mingyi; Lin, Xiaolin; Segers, Filip; Suganthan, Rajikala; Hildrestrand, Gunn Annette; Rinholm, Johanne Egge; Aas, Per Arne; Sousa, Mirta; Holm, Sverre; Bolstad, Nils; Warren, David; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Johansen, Rune Forstrøm; Yndestad, Arne; Kristiansen, Elise; Klungland, Arne; Gomez, Luisa Fernanda Luna; Eide, Lars; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Bjørås, Magnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Oxidation resistance gene 1 (OXR1) protects cells against oxidative stress. We find that male mice with brain-specific isoform A knockout (Oxr1A−/−) develop fatty liver. RNA sequencing of male Oxr1A−/− liver indicates ...
    • Plasma levels of interleukin 27 in falciparum malaria is increased independently of co-infection with HIV: potential immune-regulatory role during malaria 

      Otterdal, Kari; Berg, Åse; Michelsen, Annika; Patel, Sam; Gregersen, Ida; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Langeland, Nina; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The immune response during falciparum malaria mediates both harmful and protective effects on the host; however the participating molecules have not been fully defined. Interleukin (IL)-27 is a pleiotropic ...
    • Plasma parasitemia as assessed by quantitative PCR in relation to clinical disease severity in African adults with falciparum malaria with and without HIV co-infection 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Haanshuus, Christel Gill; Dalen, Ingvild; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Moyo, Sabrina John; Aukrust, Pål; Langeland, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Purpose When considering malaria disease severity, estimation of parasitemia in erythrocytes is important, but sometimes misleading, since the infected erythrocytes may be sequestered in peripheral capillaries. In African ...
    • Plasma tumour necrosis factor correlates with mRNA expression of tumour necrosis factor and mitochondrial transcription factors in skeletal muscle in patients with chronic heart failure treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy: potential role in myopathy 

      Larsen, Alf Inge; Valborgland, Torstein; Ogne, Christer; Lindal, Sigurd; Halvorsen, Bente; Munk, Peter Scott; Kvaløy, Jan Terje; Aukrust, Pål; Yndestad, Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Chronic heart failure (CHF) is characterized by inflammation and skeletal muscle myopathy, including impaired fibre type distribution and reduced capillary density, reduced cytochrome oxidase activity and reduced mitochondrial ...
    • Predictors of exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - results from the Bergen COPD Cohort Study 

      Husebø, Gunnar Reksten; Bakke, Per; Aanerud, Marianne; Hardie, Jon Andrew; Ueland, Thor; Grønseth, Rune; Persson, Louise Jeanette Pauline; Aukrust, Pål; Eagan, Tomas Mikal (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10-03)
      Background: COPD exacerbations accelerate disease progression. Aims To examine if COPD characteristics and systemic inflammatory markers predict the risk for acute COPD exacerbation (AECOPD) frequency and duration. Methods: ...
    • The relationship between Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23) and cardiac MRI findings following primary PCI in patients with acute first time STEMI 

      Thorsen, Inga Strand; Gøransson, Lasse Gunnar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Manhenke, Cord A; Skadberg, Øyvind; Jonsson, Grete; Ørn, Stein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a regulator of mineral metabolism, that has been linked to myocardial remodeling including development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. The ...
    • Rifaximin alters gut microbiota profile, but does not affect systemic inflammation - a randomized controlled trial in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård; Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Bjørnetrø, Tonje; Holm, Kristian; Kummen, Martin; Rashidi, Azita; Michelsen, Annika; Lekva, Tove; Halvorsen, Bente; Trøseid, Marius; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Fevang, Børre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-17)
      Common variable immunodefciency (CVID) patients have reduced gut microbial diversity compared to healthy controls. The reduced diversity is associated with gut leakage, increased systemic infammation and ten “key” bacteria ...
    • Rifaximin or Saccharomyces boulardii in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction: Results from the randomized GutHeart trial 

      Awoyemi, Ayodeji Olawale; Mayerhofer, Cristiane; Felix, Alex S.; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Moscavitch, Samuel D.; Lappegård, Knut Tore; Hovland, Anders; Halvorsen, Sigrun; Halvorsen, Bente; Gregersen, Ida; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Hansen, Simen Hyll; Götz, Alexandra; Holm, Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Åkra, Sissel; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Solheim, Svein; Lorenzo, Andrea; Gullestad, Lars; Trøseid, Marius; Broch, Kaspar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background The gut microbiota represents a potential treatment target in heart failure (HF) through microbial metabolites such as trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) and systemic inflammation. Treatment with the probiotic yeast ...
    • Risk factors for lung cancer in COPD - results from the Bergen COPD cohort study 

      Husebø, Gunnar Reksten; Nielsen, Rune; Hardie, Jon Andrew; Bakke, Per S.; Lerner, Lorena; D'Alessandro-Gabazza, Corina; Gyuris, Jeno; Gabazza, Esteban; Aukrust, Pål; Eagan, Tomas Mikal (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: COPD patients have an increased risk of developing lung cancer, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We aimed to identify risk factors for lung cancer in patients from the Bergen COPD Cohort ...
    • Rosuvastatin alters the genetic composition of the human gut microbiome 

      Kummen, Martin; Solberg, Ole Geir; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Holm, Kristian; Ragnarsson, Asgrimur; Trøseid, Marius; Vestad, Beate; Skårdal, Rita; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Gullestad, Lars; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Aaberge, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The gut microbiome contributes to the variation of blood lipid levels, and secondary bile acids are associated with the effect of statins. Yet, our knowledge of how statins, one of our most common drug groups, affect the ...
    • A salmon protein hydrolysate exerts lipid-independent anti-atherosclerotic activity in apoE-deficient mice 

      Parolini, Cinzia; Vik, Rita; Busnelli, Marco; Bjørndal, Bodil; Holm, Sverre; Brattelid, Trond; Manzini, Stefano; Ganzetti, Giulia S.; Dellera, Federica; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Sirtori, Cesare R.; Nordrehaug, Jan Erik; Skorve, Jon; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Chiesa, Giulia (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-19)
      Fish consumption is considered health beneficial as it decreases cardiovascular disease (CVD)-risk through effects on plasma lipids and inflammation. We investigated a salmon protein hydrolysate (SPH) that is hypothesized ...