• Increased circulating IL-18 levels in severe mental disorders indicate systemic inflammasome activation 

      Szabo, Attila; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Ueland, Thor; Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed; Agartz, Ingrid; Andreou, Dimitrios; Aukrust, Pål; Boye, Birgitte; Bøen, Erlend; Drange, Ole Kristian; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Engh, John; Hope, Sigrun; Høegh, Margrethe Collier; Joa, Inge; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Lekva, Tove; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Melle, Ingrid; Morken, Gunnar; Nærland, Terje; Steen, Vidar Martin; Sørensen, Kjetil; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Weibell, Melissa Anne Elin Authen; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Steen, Nils Eiel; Andreassen, Ole; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental illnesses (SMI) that are part of a psychosis continuum, and dysregulated innate immune responses have been suggested to be involved in their ...
    • Intra-Regional Glu-GABA vs Inter-Regional Glu-Glu Imbalance: A 1H-MRS Study of the Neurochemistry of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Schizophrenia. 

      Hjelmervik, Helene; Craven, Alexander R.; Sinkeviciute, Igne; Johnsen, Erik; Kompus, Kristiina; Bless, Josef Johann; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Løberg, Else-Marie; Ersland, Lars; Gruner, Eli Renate; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-10-18)
      Glutamate (Glu), gamma amino-butyric acid (GABA), and excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) imbalance have inconsistently been implicated in the etiology of schizophrenia. Elevated Glu levels in language regions have been suggested ...
    • Lower circulating neuron-specific enolase concentrations in adults and adolescents with severe mental illness 

      Andreou, Dimitrios; Steen, Nils Eiel; Jørgensen, Kjetil Nordbø; Smelror, Runar Elle; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Nerland, Stener; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Nærland, Terje; Myhre, Anne Margrethe; Joa, Inge; Reitan, Solveig Merete Klæbo; Vaaler, Arne; Morken, Gunnar; Bøen, Erlend; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Boye, Birgitte; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Skrede, Silje; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Johnsen, Erik; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole; Ueland, Thor; Agartz, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Both neurodegenerative and neurodevelopmental abnormalities have been suggested to be part of the etiopathology of severe mental illness (SMI). Neuron-specific enolase (NSE), mainly located in the neuronal ...
    • Mapping psychotic-like experiences: Results from an online survey 

      Kusztrits, Isabella; Larøi, Frank; Laloyaux, Julien Freddy; Marquardt, Lynn Anne; Sinkeviciute, Igne; Kjelby, Eirik; Johnsen, Erik; Sommer, Iris Else Clara; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Hirnstein, Marco (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Suggestions have been made that psychotic‐like experiences (PLEs), such as hallucinatory and delusional experiences, exist on a continuum from healthy individuals to patients with a diagnosis of schizophrenia. We used the ...
    • Mortality and non-use of antipsychotic drugs after acute admission in schizophrenia: A prospective total-cohort study 

      Strømme, Maria Fagerbakke; Mellesdal, Liv Solrunn; Bartz-Johannesen, Christoffer; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Krogenes, Marianne; Mehlum, Lars; Johnsen, Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background In society at large, it is debated whether use of antipsychotic drugs is associated with increased or decreased mortality among patients with schizophrenia. Large register studies have demonstrated an increased ...
    • Negative valence of hallucinatory voices as predictor of cortical glutamatergic metabolite levels in schizophrenia patients 

      Hjelmervik, Helene; Craven, Alexander R.; Johnsen, Erik; Kompus, Kristiina; Bless, Josef Johann; Sinkeviciute, Igne; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Løberg, Else-Marie; Ersland, Lars; Grüner, Eli Renate; Sommer, Iris E.; Hugdahl, Kenneth Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objectives Negative emotional valence of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) in schizophrenia can be a source of distress and is considered a strong predictor of illness severity. Previous studies have found glutamate ...
    • One-year outcome and adherence to pharmacological guidelines in first-episode schizophrenia: Results from a consecutive cohort study 

      Drosos, Petros; Brønnick, Kolbjørn Kallesten; Joa, Inge; Johannessen, Jan Olav; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Stain, Helen J.; Hegelstad, Wenche; Larsen, Tor Ketil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Remission in schizophrenia is difficult to achieve. Antipsychotic drugs are critical in the treatment of schizophrenia. International guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of schizophrenia recommend a ...
    • The role of the primary auditory cortex in the neural mechanism of auditory verbal hallucinations 

      Kompus, Kristiina; Falkenberg, Liv Eggset; Bless, Josef J; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune; Kråkvik, Bodil; Larøi, Frank; Løberg, Else-Marie; Vedul-Kjelsås, Einar; Westerhausen, René; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-24)
      Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are a subjective experience of “hearing voices” in the absence of corresponding physical stimulation in the environment. The most remarkable feature of AVHs is their perceptual quality, ...
    • The serum level of C-reactive protein (CRP) is associated with cognitive performance in acute phase psychosis 

      Johnsen, Erik; Fathian, Farivar; Kroken, Rune A; Steen, Vidar M; Jørgensen, Hugo A; Gjestad, Rolf; Løberg, Else-Marie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-03-14)
      Background Inflammatory processes have been implicated in the etiology of schizophrenia and related psychoses, in which cognitive deficits represent core symptoms. The aim of the present study was to investigate possible ...
    • Treatment of schizophrenia with antipsychotics in Norwegian emergency wards, a cross-sectional national study 

      Kroken, Rune A.; Johnsen, Erik; Ruud, Torleif; Wentzel-Larsen, Tore; Jørgensen, Hugo A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-05-16)
      Background: Surveys on prescription patterns for antipsychotics in the Scandinavian public health system are scarce despite the prevalent use of these drugs. The clinical differences between antipsychotic drugs are mainly ...
    • White matter microstructural differences between hallucinating and non-hallucinating schizophrenia spectrum patients 

      Beresniewicz, Justyna; Craven, Alexander R.; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Løberg, Else-Marie; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Johnsen, Erik; Gruner, Eli Renate (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The relation between auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) and white matter has been studied, but results are still inconsistent. This inconsistency may be related to having only a single time-point of AVH assessment in ...