• Abundant Genetic Overlap between Blood Lipids and Immune-Mediated Diseases Indicates Shared Molecular Genetic Mechanisms 

      Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Desikan, Rahul S.; Wang, Yunpeng; Thompson, Wesley K.; Schork, Andrew J.; Zuber, Verena; Doncheva, Nadezhda T.; Ellinghaus, E.va; Mattingsdal, Morten; Franke, Andre; Lie, Benedicte. A.; Mills, Ian Geoffrey; Aukrust, Pål; McEvoy, Linda K.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Dale, Anders M. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04-08)
      Epidemiological studies suggest a relationship between blood lipids and immune-mediated diseases, but the nature of these associations is not well understood. We used genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to investigate ...
    • Atherogenic Lipid Ratios Related to Myeloperoxidase and C-Reactive Protein Levels in Psychotic Disorders 

      Reponen, Elina Johanna; Dieset, Ingrid; Tesli, Martin Steen; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Aas, Monica; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Haug, Elisabeth; Drange, Ole Kristian; Steen, Nils Eiel; Hope, Sigrun; Szabo, Attila; Gohar, Sherif Mostafa Mohamed Ahmed; Wedervang-Resell, Kirsten; Djurovic, Srdjan; Melle, Ingrid; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of premature death in patients with psychotic disorders, where dyslipidemia occurs frequently. In the pathogenesis of these serious mental disorders, a low-grade ...
    • Attenuated Notch signaling in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder 

      Hoseth, Eva Zsuzsanna; Krull, Florian; Dieset, Ingrid; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Hope, Sigrun; Gardsjord, Erlend Strand; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Aukrust, Pål; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-28)
      The Notch signaling pathway plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and in adult brain homeostasis. We aimed to further investigate Notch pathway activity in bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) by conducting a ...
    • Bariatric surgery reduces fasting total fatty acids and increases n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in morbidly obese individuals 

      Hovland, Anders; Nestvold, Torunn Kristin; Bohov, Pavol; Trøseid, Marius; Aukrust, Pål; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Nielsen, Erik Waage; Retterstøl, Kjetil; Lappegård, Knut Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Background: Obesity is a global pandemic leading to increased mortality and increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Bariatric surgery is an established treatment of obesity leading to weight loss and reduction of mortality. ...
    • Cannabis Use Is Associated With Increased Levels of Soluble gp130 in Schizophrenia but Not in Bipolar Disorder 

      Szabo, Attila; Akkouh, Ibrahim; Ueland, Thor; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Dieset, Ingrid; Bjella, Thomas; Aukrust, Pål; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Stavrum, Anne-Kristin; Melle, Ingrid; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The complex effects of plant cannabinoids on human physiology is not yet fully understood, but include a wide spectrum of effects on immune modulation. The immune system and its inflammatory effector pathways are recently ...
    • The carnitine-butyrobetaine-TMAO pathway after cardiac transplant: Impact on cardiac allograft vasculopathy and acute rejection 

      Trøseid, Marius; Mayerhofer, Christiane Caroline; Broch, Kaspar; Arora, Satish; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Andreassen, Arne K.; Gude, Einar; Karason, Kristjan; Dellgren, Gøran; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Gullestad, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      BACKGROUND: Alterations in the partly microbiota-dependent carnitine–γ-butyrobetaine (γBB)–trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) pathway have been linked to the progression of heart failure and atherosclerotic disease. We evaluated ...
    • Cytokine network in adults with falciparum malaria and HIV-1: increased IL-8 and IP-10 levels are associated with disease severity 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Gonca, Miguel; Catarina, David; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Dalen, Ingvild; Kvaløy, Jan Terje; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Langeland, Nina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-12-11)
      Background Co-infection with malaria and HIV increases the severity and mortality of both diseases, but the cytokine responses related to this co-infection are only partially characterised. The aim of this study was to ...
    • Decreased IL-1β-induced CCL20 response in human iPSC-astrocytes in schizophrenia: Potential attenuating effects on recruitment of regulatory T cells 

      Akkouh, Ibrahim; Ueland, Thor; Hansson, Lars; Inderhaug, Elin; Hughes, Timothy; Steen, Nils Eiel; Aukrust, Pål; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Szabo, Attila; Djurovic, Srdjan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe mental disorder with a high heritability. Although its pathophysiology is mainly unknown, dysregulated immune activation and inflammation have recently emerged as possible candidates in the ...
    • Effects of interval training on inflammatory biomarkers in patients with ischemic heart failure 

      Isaksen, Kjetil; Halvorsen, Bente; Munk, Peter Scott; Aukrust, Pål; Larsen, Alf Inge (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Objectives. Exercise training has been proposed to have anti-inflammatory effects. We examined whether aerobic interval training (AIT) can attenuate the inflammatory response in ischemic heart failure (HF) as measured by ...
    • Elevated markers of gut leakage and inflammasome activation in COVID-19 patients with cardiac involvement 

      Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Heggelund, Lars; Reikvam, Dag Henrik; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Ueland, Thor; Michelsen, Annika; Otterdal, Kari; Muller, Karl Erik; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Aukrust, Pål; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Holter, Jan Cato; Trøseid, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background A high proportion of COVID‐19 patients have cardiac involvement, even those without known cardiac disease. Downregulation of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a receptor for SARS‐CoV‐2 and the renin‐angiotensin ...
    • Exploring the Wnt signaling pathway in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder 

      Hoseth, Eva Zsuzsanna; Krull, Florian; Dieset, Ingrid; Mørch, Ragni Helene; Hope, Sigrun; Gardsjord, Erlend Strand; Steen, Nils Eiel; Melle, Ingrid; Brattbakk, Hans-Richard; Steen, Vidar Martin; Aukrust, Pål; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      The Wnt signaling pathway plays a crucial role in neurodevelopment and in regulating the function and structure of the adult nervous system. Schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are severe mental disorders with ...
    • Gut microbiota-dependent trimethylamine N-oxide associates with inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Ueland, Thor; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Kummen, Martin; Otterdal, Kari; Holm, Kristian; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Trøseid, Marius; Halvorsen, Bente; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A substantial proportion of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have inflammatory and autoimmune complications of unknown etiology. We have previously shown that systemic inflammation in CVID correlates ...
    • High neopterin and IP-10 levels in cerebrospinal fluid are associated with neurotoxic tryptophan metabolites in acute central nervous system infections 

      Quist-Paulsen, Else; Aukrust, Pål; Kran, Anne-Marte Bakken; Dunlop, Oona Borghild; Ormaasen, Vidar; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Midttun, Øivind; Ueland, Thor; Ueland, Per Magne; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-23)
      Background The host response to intruders in the central nervous system (CNS) may be beneficial but could also be harmful and responsible for neurologic symptoms and sequelae in CNS infections. This immune response induces ...
    • Impact of HIV and type 2 diabetes on gut microbiota diversity, tryptophan catabolism and endothelial dysfunction 

      Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Hove-Skovsgaard, Malene; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund; Gaardbo, Julie Christine; Holm, Kristian; Kummen, Martin; Rudi, Knut; Nwosu, Felix; Valeur, Jørgen; Gelpi, Marco; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Ueland, Per Magne; Gerstoft, Jan; Ullum, Henrik; Aukrust, Pål; Nielsen, Susanne Dam; Trøseid, Marius (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-04-30)
      HIV infection and type 2 diabetes are associated with altered gut microbiota, chronic inflammation, and increased cardiovascular risk. We aimed to investigate the combined effect of these diseases on gut microbiota composition ...
    • Impaired HDL function amplifies systemic inflammation in common variable immunodeficiency 

      Macpherson, Magnhild Eide; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Rashidi, Azita; Otterdal, Kari; Gregersen, Ida; Kong, Xiang Yi; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Aukrust, Pål; Fevang, Børre; Jørgensen, Silje Fjellgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-01)
      Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency, characterized by inadequate antibody responses and recurrent bacterial infections. Paradoxically, a majority of CVID patients ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...
    • Increased severity and mortality in adults co-infected with malaria and HIV in Maputo, Mozambique: a prospective cross-sectional study 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Aukrust, Pål; David, Catarina; Gonca, Miguel; Berg, Einar Sverre; Dalen, Ingvild; Langeland, Nina (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-02-05)
      Background: Co-infection with falciparum malaria and HIV-1 increases the severity and mortality of both infections in unstable malaria-transmission areas. In contrast, in stable transmission areas, HIV co-infection increases ...
    • Inflammation markers in multiple sclerosis: CXCL16 reflects and may also predict disease activity 

      Holmøy, Trygve; Løken-Amsrud, Kristin Ingeleiv; Bakke, Jacob; Beiske, Antonie Giæver; Bjerve, Kristian S; Hovdal, Harald Olav; Lilleås, Finn; Midgard, Rune; Pedersen, Tom; Saltyte Benth, Jurate; Torkildsen, Øivind; Wergeland, Stig; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Michelsen, Annika; Aukrust, Pål; Ueland, Thor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-09-19)
      Background. Serum markers of inflammation are candidate biomarkers in multiple sclerosis (MS). ω-3 fatty acids are suggested to have anti-inflammatory properties that might be beneficial in MS. We aimed to explore the ...
    • IP-10 differentiates between active and latent tuberculosis irrespective of HIV status and declines during therapy 

      Wergeland, Ida; Pullar, Nadine Durema; Assmus, Jörg; Ueland, Thor; Tonby, Kristian; Feruglio, Siri; Kvale, Dag; Damås, Jan Kristian; Aukrust, Pål; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04)
      Objectives: Biomarkers for diagnosis and therapy efficacy in tuberculosis (TB) are requested. We have studied biomarkers that may differentiate between active and latent TB infection (LTBI), the influence of HIV infection ...
    • Krill oil attenuates left ventricular dilatation after myocardial infarction in rats 

      Fosshaug, Linn Elisabeth; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Beitnes, Jan Otto; Berge, Kjetil; Vik, Hogne; Aukrust, Pål; Gullestad, Lars; Vinge, Leif Erik; Øie, Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-12-29)
      Background: In the western world, heart failure (HF) is one of the most important causes of cardiovascular mortality. Supplement with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) has been shown to improve cardiac function in HF ...