• Adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A brain magnetic resonance spectroscopy study 

      Dramsdahl, Margaretha; Ersland, Lars; Plessen, Kerstin von; Haavik, Jan; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Specht, Karsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-11-23)
      Background: Impaired cognitive control in individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may be related to a prefrontal cortical glutamatergic deficit. We assessed the glutamate level in the left and the ...
    • Anterior cingulate gamma-aminobutyric acid concentrations and electroconvulsive therapy 

      Erchinger, Vera Jane; Miller, Jeremy; Jones, Thomas; Kessler, Ute; Bustillo, Juan R.; Haavik, Jan; Petrillo, Jonathan; Ziomek, Gregory; Hammar, Åsa; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim; Calhoun, Vince D.; McClintock, Shawn M.; Ersland, Lars; Oltedal, Leif; Abbott, Christopher (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-17)
      Objective The anticonvulsant hypothesis posits that ECT’s mechanism of action is related to enhancement of endogenous anticonvulsant brain mechanisms. Results of prior studies investigating the role of the inhibitory ...
    • Big GABA II: Water-referenced edited MR spectroscopy at 25 research sites 

      Mikkelsen, Mark; Rimbault, Daniel L.; Barker, Peter B.; Bhattacharyya, Pallab K.; Brix, Maiken Kirkegaard; Buur, Pieter F.; Cecil, Kim M.; Chan, Kimberly L.; Chen, David Y.-T.; Craven, Alexander R.; Cuypers, Koen; Dacko, Michael; Duncan, Niall W.; Dydak, Ulrike; Edmondson, David A.; Ende, Gabriele; Ersland, Lars; Forbes, Megan A.; Gao, Fei; Greenhouse, Ian; Harris, Ashley D.; He, Naying; Heba, Stefanie; Hoggard, Nigel; Hsu, Tun-Wei; Jansen, Jacobus F.A.; Kangarlu, Alayar; Lange, Thomas; Lebel, R. Marc; Li, Yan; Lin, Chien-Yuan E.; Liou, Jy-Kang; Lirng, Jiing-Feng; Liu, Feng; Long, Joanna R.; Ma, Ruoyun; Maes, Celine; Moreno-Ortega, Marta; Murray, Scott O.; Noah, Sean; Noeske, Ralph; Noseworthy, Michael D.; Oeltzschner, Georg; Porges, Eric C.; Prisciandaro, James J.; Puts, Nicolaas A.J.; Roberts, Timothy P.L.; Sack, Markus; Sailasuta, Napapon; Saleh, Muhammad G.; Schallmo, Michael-Paul; Simard, Nicholas; Stoffers, Diederick; Swinnen, Stephan P.; Tegenthoff, Martin; Truong, Peter; Wang, Guangbin; Wilkinson, Iain D.; Wittsack, Hans-Jörg; Woods, Adam J.; Xu, Hongmin; Yan, Fuhua; Zhang, Chencheng; Zipunnikov, Vadim; Zöllner, Helge J.; Edden, Richard A.E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Accurate and reliable quantification of brain metabolites measured in vivo using 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a topic of continued interest. Aside from differences in the basic approach to quantification, ...
    • “Brain MR spectroscopy in autism spectrum disorder—the GABA excitatory/inhibitory imbalance theory revisited” 

      Brix, Maiken Kirkegaard; Ersland, Lars; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Grüner, Renate; Posserud, Maj-Britt; Hammar, Åse; Craven, Alexander R.; Noeske, Ralph; Evans, C. John; Walker, Hanne B.; Midtvedt, Tore; Beyer, Mona K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-06-22)
      Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) from voxels placed in the left anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) was measured from 14 boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and 24 gender and age-matched typically developing (TD) ...
    • Comparison of Multivendor Single-Voxel MR Spectroscopy Data Acquired in Healthy Brain at 26 Sites 

      Považan, Michal; Mikkelsen, Mark; Berrington, Adam; Bhattacharyya, Pallab K.; Brix, Maiken Kirkegaard; Buur, Pieter F.; Cecil, Kim M.; Chan, Kimberly L.; Chen, David Y.T.; Craven, Alexander R.; Cuypers, Koen; Dacko, Michael; Duncan, Niall W.; Dydak, Ulrike; Edmondson, David A.; Ende, Gabriele; Ersland, Lars; Forbes, Megan A.; Gao, Fei; Ian, Greenhouse; Harris, Ashley D.; He, Naying; Heba, Stefanie; Hoggard, Nigel; Hsu, Tun-Wei; Jansen, Jacobus F. A.; Kangarlu, Alayar; Lange, Thomas; Lebel, R. Marc; Li, Yan; Lin, Chien-Yuan E.; Liou, Jy-Kang; Lirng, Jiing-Feng; Liu, Feng; Long, Joanna R.; Ma, Ruoyun; Maes, Celine; Moreno-Ortega, Marta; Murray, Scott O.; Noah, Sean; Noeske, Ralph; Noseworthy, Michael D.; Oeltzschner, Georg; Porges, Eric C.; Prisciandaro, James J.; Puts, Nicolaas A. J.; Roberts, Timothy P. L.; Sack, Markus; Sailasuta, Napapon; Saleh, Muhammad G.; Schallmo, Michael-Paul; Simard, Nicholas; Stoffers, Diederick; Swinnen, Stephan P.; Tegenthoff, Martin; Truong, Peter; Wang, Guangbin; Wilkinson, Iain D.; Wittsack, Hans-Jörg; Woods, Adam J.; Xu, Hongmin; Yan, Fuhua; Zhang, Chencheng; Zipunnikov, Vadim; Zöllner, Helge J.; Edden, Richard A.E.; Barker, Peter B. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The hardware and software differences between MR vendors and individual sites influence the quantification of MR spectroscopy data. An analysis of a large data set may help to better understand sources of the ...
    • Default-mode network functional connectivity is closely related to metabolic activity 

      Passow, Susanne; Specht, Karsten; Adamsen, Tom Christian; Biermann, Martin; Brekke, Njål; Craig-Craven, Alexander Richard; Ersland, Lars; Grüner, Renate; Kleven-Madsen, Nina; Kvernenes, Ole Heine; Schwarzlmüller, Thomas; Olesen, Rasmus Aamand; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-06)
      Over the last decade, the brain's default-mode network (DMN) and its function has attracted a lot of attention in the field of neuroscience. However, the exact underlying mechanisms of DMN functional connectivity, or more ...
    • Dynamic switching between intrinsic and extrinsic mode networks as demands change from passive to active processing 

      Riemer, Frank; Gruner, Eli Renate; Beresniewicz, Justyna; Kazimierczak, Katarzyna Anna; Ersland, Lars; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12-08)
      In this study we report on the relationship between default and extrinsic mode networks across alternating brief periods of rest and active task processing. Three different visual tasks were used in a classic fMRI ON–OFF ...
    • Dynamic up- and down-regulation of thedefault (DMN) and extrinsic (EMN) modenetworks during alternating task-on and task-offperiods 

      Hugdahl, Kenneth; Kazimierczak, Katarzyna Anna; Beresniewicz, Justyna; Kompus, Kristiina; Westerhausen, René; Ersland, Lars; Grüner, Renate; Specht, Karsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Using fMRI, Hugdahl et al. (2015) reported the existence of a general-domain cortical network during active task-processing which was non-specific to the cognitive task being processed. They labelled this network the ...
    • Effects of ECT in treatment of depression: Study protocol for a prospective neuroradiological study of acute and longitudinal effects on brain structure and function 

      Oltedal, Leif; Kessler, Ute; Ersland, Lars; Grüner, Renate; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Haavik, Jan; Hoff, Per Ivar; Hammar, Åsa; Dale, Anders Martin; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Ødegaard, Ketil Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-05-01)
      Background Major depression can be a serious and debilitating condition. For some patients in a treatment resistant depressive episode, electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) is the only treatment that is effective. Although ...
    • Glutamate- and GABA-Modulated Connectivity in Auditory Hallucinations—A Combined Resting State fMRI and MR Spectroscopy Study 

      Weber, Sarah; Hjelmervik, Helene; Craig-Craven, Alexander Richard; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Løberg, Else-Marie; Ersland, Lars; Kompus, Kristiina; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) have been linked to aberrant interhemispheric connectivity between the left and the right superior temporal gyrus (STG), labeled the interhemispheric miscommunication theory. ...
    • Hallucinating schizophrenia patients have longer left arcuate fasciculus fiber tracks: a DTI tractography study 

      Falkenberg, Liv E.; Westerhausen, René; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Løberg, Else-Marie; Beresniewicz, Justyna; Kazimierczak, Katarzyna Anna; Kompus, Kristiina; Ersland, Lars; Sandøy, Lydia Brunvoll; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The arcuate fasciculus (AF) has been implicated in the pathology behind schizophrenia and auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs). White matter tracts forming the arcuate fasciculus can be quantified and visualized using ...
    • Intra-Regional Glu-GABA vs Inter-Regional Glu-Glu Imbalance: A 1H-MRS Study of the Neurochemistry of Auditory Verbal Hallucinations in Schizophrenia. 

      Hjelmervik, Helene; Craig-Craven, Alexander Richard; Sinkeviciute, Igne; Johnsen, Erik; Kompus, Kristiina; Bless, Josef Johann; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Løberg, Else-Marie; Ersland, Lars; Gruner, Eli Renate; Hugdahl, Kenneth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-10-18)
      Glutamate (Glu), gamma amino-butyric acid (GABA), and excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) imbalance have inconsistently been implicated in the etiology of schizophrenia. Elevated Glu levels in language regions have been suggested ...
    • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Depressed Subjects Treated With Electroconvulsive Therapy—A Systematic Review of Literature 

      Erchinger, Vera Jane; Ersland, Lars; Aukland, Stein Magnus; Abbott, Christopher; Oltedal, Leif (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is considered to be the most effective acute treatment for otherwise treatment resistant major depressive episodes, and has been used for over 80 years. Still, the underlying mechanism of ...
    • Multi-vendor standardized sequence for edited magnetic resonance spectroscopy 

      Saleh, Muhammad G.; Rimbault, Daniel; Mikkelsen, Mark; Oeltzschner, Georg; Wang, Anna M; Jiang, Dengrong; Alhamud, Ali; Near, Jamie; Schär, Michael; Noeske, Ralph; Murdoch, James B; Ersland, Lars; Craven, Alexander R.; Dwyer, Gerard Eric; Grüner, Renate; Pan, Li; Ahn, Sinyeob; Edden, Richard A.E. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Spectral editing allows direct measurement of low-concentration metabolites, such as GABA, glutathione (GSH) and lactate (Lac), relevant for understanding brain (patho)physiology. The most widely used spectral editing ...
    • No Effects of Anodal tDCS on Local GABA and Glx Levels in the Left Posterior Superior Temporal Gyrus 

      Dwyer, Gerard Eric; Craven, Alexander R.; Hirnstein, Marco; Kompus, Kristiina; Assmus, Jörg; Ersland, Lars; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Grüner, Renate (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-08)
      A number of studies investigating the biological effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) using magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) have found that it may affect local levels of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), ...
    • Simultaneous Measurement of the BOLD Effect and Metabolic Changes in Response to Visual Stimulation Using the MEGA-PRESS Sequence at 3 T 

      Dwyer, Gerard Eric; Craig-Craven, Alexander Richard; Beresniewicz, Justyna; Kazimierczak, Katarzyna Anna; Ersland, Lars; Hugdahl, Kenneth Jan; Grüner, Eli Renate (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) effect that provides the contrast in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been demonstrated to affect the linewidth of spectral peaks as measured with magnetic resonance ...