• A 2-Dose AERAS-402 Regimen Boosts CD8+ Polyfunctionality in HIV-Negative, BCG-Vaccinated Recipients 

      Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Blatner, Gretta; Bakken, Rasmus; Hokey, David A.; Ritz, Christian; Jenum, Synne; Grewal, Harleen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Despite the widespread use of BCG, tuberculosis (TB) remains a global threat. Existing vaccine candidates in clinical trials are designed to replace or boost BCG which does not provide satisfying long-term protection. ...
    • Added Value of IP-10 as a Read-Out of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Specific Immunity in Young Children 

      Jenum, Synne; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Ritz, Christian; Macaden, R; Doherty, TM; Grewal, Harleen; TB Trials Study, Group (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We have explored the added value of interferon-γ (IFNγ)– inducible protein 10 as a read-out of Mycobacterium tuberculosis–specific immunity in young Indian children, where the sensitivity of the IFNγ release assays for ...
    • Approaching a diagnostic point-of-care test for pediatric tuberculosis through evaluation of immune biomarkers across the clinical disease spectrum 

      Jenum, Synne; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Lodha, Rakesh; Mukherjee, Aparna; Saini, Deepak Kumar; Singh, Sarman; Singh, Varinder; Medigeshi, Guruprasad; Haks, Marielle C.; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Kabra, Sushil K.; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-01-04)
      The World Health Organization (WHO) calls for an accurate, rapid, and simple point-of-care (POC) test for the diagnosis of pediatric tuberculosis (TB) in order to make progress “Towards Zero Deaths”. Whereas the sensitivity ...
    • BLR1 and FCGR1A transcripts in peripheral blood associate with the extent of intrathoracic tuberculosis in children and predict treatment outcome 

      Jenum, Synne; Bakken, Rasmus; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Mukherjee, Aparna; Lodha, Rakesh; Singh, Sarman; Singh, Varinder; Haks, Marielle C.; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Kabra, Sushil K.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-12-12)
      Biomarkers reflecting the extent of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced pathology and normalization during anti-tuberculosis treatment (ATT) would considerably facilitate trials of new treatment regimens and the identification ...
    • Clinical characteristics, risk factors and outcomes in patients with severe COVID-19 registered in the ISARIC WHO clinical characterisation protocol: a prospective, multinational, multicentre, observational study 

      Reyes, Luis Felipe; Murthy, Srinivas; Garcia-Gallo, Esteban; Irvine, Mike; Merson, Laura; Martin-Loeches, Ignacio; Rello, Jordi; Taccone, Fabio S.; Fowler, Robert A.; Docherty, Annemarie B.; Kartsonaki, Christiana; Aragao, Irene; Barrett, Peter W.; Beane, Abigail; Burrell, Aidan J.C.; Cheng, Matthew Pellan; Christian, Michael D.; Cidade, Jose Pedro; Citarella, Barbara Wanjiru; Donnelly, Christl A.; Fernandes, Susana M.; French, Craig; Haniffa, Rashan; Harrison, Ewen M.; Ho, Antonia Ying Wai; Joseph, Mark; Khan, Irfan Ahmad; Kho, Michelle E.; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Kutsogiannis, Demetrios; Lamontagne, François; Bekken, Gry Klouman; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Heggelund, Lars; Hesstvedt, Liv; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Holter, Jan Cato; Jenum, Synne; Johal, Simreen Kaur; Lind, Andreas; Müller, Fredrik; Muller, Karl Erik; Pettersen, Frank O.; Quist-Paulsen, Else; Reikvam, Dag Henrik; Skeie, Linda Gail; Skogen, Vegard; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Tonby, Kristian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Due to the large number of patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), many were treated outside the traditional walls of the intensive care unit (ICU), and in many cases, by personnel who were not trained ...
    • Cyclooxygenase inhibitors impair CD4 T cell immunity and exacerbate Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in aerosol-challenged mice 

      Mortensen, Rasmus; Clemmensen, Helena Strand; Woodworth, Joshua S.; Therkelsen, Marie Louise; Mustafa, Tehmina; Tonby, Kristian; Jenum, Synne; Agger, Else Marie; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Andersen, Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Tuberculosis, caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), kills over 1.6 million people each year despite availability of antibiotics. The increase in drug resistant Mtb strains is a major public health ...
    • Effect of Non-tuberculous Mycobacteria on Host Biomarkers Potentially Relevant for Tuberculosis Management. 

      Dhanasakeran, S.; Jenum, Synne; Stavrum, Ruth; Wiker, Harald G.; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Doherty, Tanya Mark; Grewal, Harleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10-16)
      Background Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are different from Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) both in their ubiquitous environmental distribution and in their reduced capacity to cause disease. While often neglected ...
    • The frequencies of IFNγ+IL2+TNFα+ PPD-specific CD4+CD45RO+ T-cells correlate with the magnitude of the QuantiFERON® gold in-tube response in a prospective study of healthy Indian adolescents 

      Jenum, Synne; Grewal, Harleen; Hokey, David A.; Kenneth, John; Vaz, Mario; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Jahnsen, Frode Lars (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-07-03)
      Background: QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT) is an IFNγ-release assay used in the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) infection. The risk of TB progression increases with the magnitude of the MTB-specific ...
    • Host blood RNA transcript and protein signatures for sputum-independent diagnostics of tuberculosis in adults 

      Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Ritz, Christian; Gjøen, John Espen; Vaz, Mario; Selvam, Sumithra; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Jenum, Synne; Grewal, Harleen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      To achieve the ambitious targets for tuberculosis (TB) prevention, care, and control stated by the End TB Strategy, new health care strategies, diagnostic tools are warranted. Host-derived biosignatures are explored for ...
    • Identification of subclinical tuberculosis in household contacts using exposure scores and contact investigations 

      Bekken, Gry Klouman; Ritz, Christian; Selvam, Sumithra; Jesuraj, Nelson; Hesseling, Anneke; Doherty, T. Mark; Grewal, Harleen; Vaz, Mario; Jenum, Synne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-01-31)
      Background: The goal of tuberculosis elimination put forward in the End TB Strategy prioritizes diagnosis and treatment of incipient and subclinical TB, recently defined by key stakeholders as “asymptomatic, early pre-clinical ...
    • Incidence of tuberculosis and the influence of surveillance strategy on tuberculosis case-finding and all-cause mortality: A cluster randomised trial in Indian neonates vaccinated with BCG 

      Jenum, Synne; Sumithra, Selvam; Nelson, Jesuraj; Christian, Ritz; Hesseling Anneke, C; Vicky, Cardenas; Esther, Lau; Mark, Doherty T; Grewal, Harleen; Mario, Vaz (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Introduction: Accurate tuberculosis (TB) incidence and optimal surveillance strategies are pertinent to TB vaccine trial design. Infants are a targeted population for new TB vaccines, but data from India, with the highest ...
    • Increased interleukin-6 and macrophage chemoattractant protein-1 are associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 

      Jørgensen, Marthe Jøntvedt; Holter, Jan Cato; Christensen, Erik; Schjalm, Camilla; Tonby, Kristian; Pischke, Soeren; Jenum, Synne; Skeie, Linda Gail; Nur, Sarah; Lind, Andreas; Opsand, Hanne; Enersen, Tone Burvald; Grøndahl, Ragnhild; Hermann, Anne; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Müller, Fredrik; Ueland, Thor; Mollnes, Tom Eirik; Aukrust, Pål; Heggelund, Lars; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      In SARS-CoV-2 infection there is an urgent need to identify patients that will progress to severe COVID-19 and may benefit from targeted treatment. In this study we analyzed plasma cytokines in COVID-19 patients and ...
    • Influence of Age and Nutritional Status on the Performance of the Tuberculin Skin Test and QuantiFERON®-TB Gold In-Tube in Young Children Evaluated for Tuberculosis in Southern India. 

      Jenum, Synne; Selvam, Sumithra; Mahelai, Diana; Jesuraj, Nelson; Cardenas, Vicky; Kenneth, John; Hesseling, Anneke C.; Doherty, Tanya Mark; Vaz, Mario; Grewal, Harleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10)
      Background: Reliable identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection or tuberculosis (TB) disease in young children is vital to assure adequate preventive and curative treatment. The tuberculin skin test (TST) and ...
    • Novel transcriptional signatures for sputum-independent diagnostics of tuberculosis in children 

      Gjøen, John Espen; Jenum, Synne; Sivakumaran, Dhanasekaran; Mukherjee, Aparna; MacAden, Ragini; Kabra, Sushil K.; Lodha, Rakesh; Ottenhoff, Tom H.M.; Haks, Marielle C.; Doherty, Timothy Mark; Ritz, Christian; Grewal, Harleen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07-19)
      Pediatric tuberculosis (TB) is challenging to diagnose, confirmed by growth of Mycobacterium tuberculosis at best in 40% of cases. The WHO has assigned high priority to the development of non-sputum diagnostic tools. We ...
    • A Phase I/II randomized trial of H56:IC31 vaccination and adjunctive cyclooxygenase-2-inhibitor treatment in tuberculosis patients 

      Jenum, Synne; Tonby, Kristian; Rueegg, Corina Silvia; Ruhwald, Morten; Kristiansen, Max Per; Bang, Peter; Olsen, Inge Christoffer; Sellæg, Kjersti; Røstad, Kjerstin; Mustafa, Tehmina; Tasken, Kjetil; Kvale, Dag; Mortensen, Rasmus; Riise, Anne Margarita Dyrhol (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Host-directed-therapy strategies are warranted to fight tuberculosis. Here we assess the safety and immunogenicity of adjunctive vaccination with the H56:IC31 candidate and cyclooxygenase-2-inhibitor treatment (etoricoxib) ...
    • Systemic complement activation is associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 hospitalized patients 

      Holter, Jan Cato; Pischke, Soeren; de Boer, Eline; Lind, Andreas; Jenum, Synne; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Sokolova, Marina; Schjalm, Camilla; Chaban, Viktoriia; Kolderup, Anette; Tran, Trung; Tollefsrud Gjølberg, Torleif; Skeie, Linda Gail; Hesstvedt, Liv; Ormåsen, Vidar; Fevang, Børre; Austad, Cathrine; Muller, Karl Erik; Fladeby, Cathrine; Holberg-Petersen, Mona; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Ueland, Thor; Andersen, Jan Terje; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Heggelund, Lars; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Respiratory failure in the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is hypothesized to be driven by an overreacting innate immune response, where the complement system is a key player. In this prospective ...