• The asymmetric geospace as displayed during the geomagnetic storm on 17 August 2001 

      Østgaard, Nikolai; Reistad, Jone Peter; Tenfjord, Paul; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Rexer, Theresa; Haaland, Stein; Snekvik, Kristian; Hesse, Michael; Milan, Stephen Eric; Ohma, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-11-29)
      Previous studies have shown that conjugate auroral features are displaced in the two hemispheres when the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) has a transverse (Y) component. It has also been shown that a BY component is ...
    • Dayside and nightside magnetic field responses at 780 km altitude to dayside reconnection 

      Snekvik, Kristian; Østgaard, Nikolai; Tenfjord, Paul; Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Milan, Stephen Eric; Haaland, Stein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02)
      During southward interplanetary magnetic field, dayside reconnection will drive the Dungey cycle in the magnetosphere, which is manifested as a two‐cell convection pattern in the ionosphere. We address the response of the ...
    • Magnetospheric response and reconfiguration times following IMF By reversals 

      Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Østgaard, Nikolai; Strangeway, Robert J.; Haaland, Stein; Snekvik, Kristian; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Reistad, Jone Peter; Milan, Stephen Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01)
      The interaction between the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) and the geomagnetic field at the dayside magnetopause leads to transfer of momentum and energy which changes the magnetospheric configuration, but only after ...
    • North–South Asymmetries in Earth’s Magnetic Field. Effects on High-Latitude Geospace 

      Laundal, Karl Magnus; Cnossen, Ingrid; Milan, Stephen Eric; Haaland, Stein; Coxon, John C.; Pedatella, Nick; Förster, Matthias; Reistad, Jone Peter (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03)
      The solar-wind magnetosphere interaction primarily occurs at altitudes where the dipole component of Earth’s magnetic field is dominating. The disturbances that are created in this interaction propagate along magnetic field ...
    • Overview of solar wind - magnetosphere - ionosphere - atmosphere coupling and the generation of magnetospheric currents 

      Milan, Stephen Eric; Clausen, Lasse Boy Novock; Coxon, John Charles; Carter, Jenny A.; Walach, Maria Theresia; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Østgaard, Nikolai; Tenfjord, Paul Arne Riksheim; Reistad, Jone Peter; Snekvik, Kristian; Korth, Haje; Anderson, Brian J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-03)
      We review the morphology and dynamics of the electrical current systems of the terrestrial magnetosphere and ionosphere. Observations from the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) ...
    • Separation and quantification of ionospheric convection sources: 1. A new technique 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Østgaard, Nikolai; Ohma, Anders; Haaland, Stein; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Stephen Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-04)
      This paper describes a novel technique that allows separation and quantification of different sources of convection in the high‐latitude ionosphere. To represent the ionospheric convection electric field, we use the Spherical ...
    • Separation and quantification of ionospheric convection sources: 2. The dipole tilt angle influence on reverse convection cells during northward IMF 

      Reistad, Jone Peter; Laundal, Karl Magnus; Østgaard, Nikolai; Ohma, Anders; Thomas, Evan G.; Haaland, Stein; Oksavik, Kjellmar; Milan, Stephen Eric (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-04)
      This paper investigates the influence of Earth's dipole tilt angle on the reverse convection cells (sometimes referred to as lobe cells) in the Northern Hemisphere ionosphere during northward IMF, which we relate to ...
    • Substorm Onset Latitude and the Steadiness of Magnetospheric Convection 

      Milan, Stephen Eric; Walach, Maria Theresia; Carter, JA; Sangha, Harneet; Anderson, Brian J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03-10)
      We study the role of substorms and steady magnetospheric convection (SMC) in magnetic flux transport in the magnetosphere, using observations of field‐aligned currents by the Active Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics ...