• Persistent pulmonary pathology after COVID‑19 is associated with high viral load, weak antibody response, and high levels of matrix metalloproteinase‑9 

      Lerum, Tøri Vigeland; Maltzahn, Niklas; Aukrust, Pål; Trøseid, Marius; Nezvalova-Henriksen, Katerina; Kåsine, Trine; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Stiksrud, Birgitte; Haugli, Mette; Blomberg, Bjørn; Kittang, Bård Reiakvam; Johannessen, Asgeir; Hannula, Raisa; Aballi, Saad; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Eiken, Ragnhild; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Müller, Fredrik; Rivero, Jezabel Rodriguez; Meltzer, Carin; Einvik, Gunnar; Ueland, Thor; Olsen, Inge Christoffer; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Aaløkken, Trond Mogens; Skjønsberg, Ole Henning (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The association between pulmonary sequelae and markers of disease severity, as well as pro-fibrotic mediators, were studied in 108 patients 3 months after hospital admission for COVID-19. The COPD assessment test (CAT-score), ...
    • Persistent T-cell exhaustion in relation to prolonged pulmonary pathology and death after severe COVID-19: Results from two Norwegian cohort studies 

      Trøseid, Marius; Dahl, Tuva Børresdatter; Holter, Jan Cato; Kildal, Anders Benjamin; Murphy, Sarah Louise Mikalsen; Yang, Kuan; Quiles Jimenez, Ana Maria Teresa; Heggelund, Lars; Muller, Karl Erik; Tveita, Anders Aune; Michelsen, Annika Elisabet; Bøe, Simen; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Mathiessen, Alexander; Aaløkken, Trond Mogens; Fevang, Børre; Granerud, Beathe Kiland; Tonby, Kristian; Nezvalova-Henriksen, Katerina; Lerum, Tøri Vigeland; Müller, Fredrik; Skjønsberg, Ole Henning; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Riise, Anne Margarita Dyrhol; Aukrust, Pål; Halvorsen, Bente Evy; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background: T-cell activation is associated with an adverse outcome in COVID-19, but whether T-cell activation and exhaustion relate to persistent respiratory dysfunction and death is unknown. Objectives: To investigate ...
    • Plasma levels of interleukin 27 in falciparum malaria is increased independently of co-infection with HIV: potential immune-regulatory role during malaria 

      Otterdal, Kari; Berg, Åse; Michelsen, Annika; Patel, Sam; Gregersen, Ida; Sagen, Ellen Lund; Halvorsen, Bente; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Langeland, Nina; Aukrust, Pål (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The immune response during falciparum malaria mediates both harmful and protective effects on the host; however the participating molecules have not been fully defined. Interleukin (IL)-27 is a pleiotropic ...
    • Plasma parasitemia as assessed by quantitative PCR in relation to clinical disease severity in African adults with falciparum malaria with and without HIV co-infection 

      Berg, Åse; Patel, Sam; Tellevik, Marit Gjerde; Haanshuus, Christel Gill; Dalen, Ingvild; Otterdal, Kari; Ueland, Thor; Moyo, Sabrina John; Aukrust, Pål; Langeland, Nina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Purpose When considering malaria disease severity, estimation of parasitemia in erythrocytes is important, but sometimes misleading, since the infected erythrocytes may be sequestered in peripheral capillaries. In African ...
    • Podocan and Adverse Clinical Outcome in Patients Admitted With Suspected Acute Coronary Syndromes 

      Andersen, Thomas; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Nilsen, Dennis W.T.; Grundt, Magnea Heidi Jonsdottir; Staines, Harry; Kontny, Frederic (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background: Markers of bone and extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling may be associated with adverse outcomes in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Podocan is a newly discovered ECM glycoprotein, previously not studied ...
    • The relationship between Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23) and cardiac MRI findings following primary PCI in patients with acute first time STEMI 

      Thorsen, Inga Strand; Gøransson, Lasse Gunnar; Ueland, Thor; Aukrust, Pål; Manhenke, Cord A; Skadberg, Øyvind; Jonsson, Grete; Ørn, Stein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a regulator of mineral metabolism, that has been linked to myocardial remodeling including development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. The ...
    • Rosuvastatin alters the genetic composition of the human gut microbiome 

      Kummen, Martin; Solberg, Ole Geir; Larsen, Christopher Storm; Holm, Kristian; Ragnarsson, Asgrimur; Trøseid, Marius; Vestad, Beate; Skårdal, Rita; Yndestad, Arne; Ueland, Thor; Svardal, Asbjørn M.; Berge, Rolf Kristian; Seljeflot, Ingebjørg; Gullestad, Lars; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Aaberge, Lars; Aukrust, Pål; Hov, Johannes Espolin Roksund (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The gut microbiome contributes to the variation of blood lipid levels, and secondary bile acids are associated with the effect of statins. Yet, our knowledge of how statins, one of our most common drug groups, affect the ...
    • Systemic Cell Adhesion Molecules in Severe Mental Illness: Potential Role of Intercellular CAM-1 in Linking Peripheral and Neuroinflammation 

      Sheikh, Mashhood Ahmed; O'Connell, Kevin Sean; Lekva, Tove; Szabo, Attila; Akkouh, Ibrahim Ahmed; Osete, Jordi Requena; Agartz, Ingrid; Engh, John; Andreou, Dimitrios; Boye, Birgitte; Bøen, Erlend; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Hope, Sigrun; Werner, Maren Caroline Frogner; Joa, Inge; Johnsen, Erik; Kroken, Rune Andreas; Lagerberg, Trine Vik; Melle, Ingrid; Drange, Ole Kristian; Morken, Gunnar; Nærland, Terje; Sørensen, Kjetil; Vaaler, Arne; Weibell, Melissa Anne Elin Authen; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Aukrust, Pål; Djurovic, Srdjan; Steen, Nils Eiel; Andreassen, Ole; Ueland, Thor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background: Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) orchestrate leukocyte trafficking and could link peripheral and neuroinflammation in patients with severe mental illness (SMI), by promoting inflammatory and immune-mediated ...
    • Systemic complement activation is associated with respiratory failure in COVID-19 hospitalized patients 

      Holter, Jan Cato; Pischke, Soeren; de Boer, Eline; Lind, Andreas; Jenum, Synne; Holten, Aleksander Rygh; Tonby, Kristian; Barratt-Due, Andreas; Sokolova, Marina; Schjalm, Camilla; Chaban, Viktoriia; Kolderup, Anette; Tran, Trung; Tollefsrud Gjølberg, Torleif; Skeie, Linda Gail; Hesstvedt, Liv; Ormåsen, Vidar; Fevang, Børre; Austad, Cathrine; Muller, Karl Erik; Fladeby, Cathrine; Holberg-Petersen, Mona; Halvorsen, Bente; Müller, Fredrik; Aukrust, Pål; Dudman, Susanne Gjeruldsen; Ueland, Thor; Andersen, Jan Terje; Lund-Johansen, Fridtjof; Heggelund, Lars; Dyrhol-Riise, Anne Ma; Mollnes, Tom Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Respiratory failure in the acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic is hypothesized to be driven by an overreacting innate immune response, where the complement system is a key player. In this prospective ...