• Mechanisms of decadal North Atlantic climate variability and implications for the recent cold anomaly 

      Årthun, Marius; Wills, Robert C.J.; Johnson, Helen L.; Chafik, Leon; Langehaug, Helene R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Decadal sea surface temperature (SST) fluctuations in the North Atlantic Ocean influence climate over adjacent land areas and are a major source of skill in climate predictions. However, the mechanisms underlying decadal ...
    • Mechanisms of regional winter sea-ice variability in a warming arctic 

      Dörr, Jakob Simon; Årthun, Marius; Eldevik, Tor; Madonna, Erica (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Arctic winter sea ice cover is in retreat overlaid by large internal variability. Changes to sea ice are driven by exchange of heat, momentum, and freshwater within and between the ocean and the atmosphere. Using a ...
    • Mechanisms underlying recent Arctic atlantification 

      Asbjørnsen, Helene; Årthun, Marius; Skagseth, Øystein; Eldevik, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-06-20)
      Recent warming and reduced sea ice concentrations in the Atlantic sector of the Arctic Ocean are the main signatures of ongoing Arctic “Atlantification.” The mechanisms driving the warming trends are nevertheless still ...
    • Nordic Seas Heat Loss, Atlantic Inflow, and Arctic Sea Ice cover over the last century 

      Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Muilwijk, Morven; Eldevik, Tor; Årthun, Marius; Brakstad, Ailin; Madonna, Erica; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Spensberger, Clemens; Born, Andreas; Drange, Helge; Jeansson, Emil; Li, Camille; Olsen, Are; Skagseth, Øystein; Slater, Donald; Straneo, Fiammetta; Våge, Kjetil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Poleward ocean heat transport is a key process in the earth system. We detail and review the northward Atlantic Water (AW) flow, Arctic Ocean heat transport, and heat loss to the atmosphere since 1900 in relation to sea ...
    • Propagation of Thermohaline Anomalies and their predictive potential along the Atlantic water pathway 

      Langehaug, Helene R.; Ortega, Pablo; Counillon, Francois Stephane; Matei, Daniela; Maroon, Elizabeth A.; Keenlyside, Noel Sebastian; Mignot, Juliette; Wang, Yiguo; Swingedouw, Didier; Bethke, Ingo; Yang, Shuting; Danabasoglu, Gokhan; Bellucci, Alessio; Ruggieri, Paolo; Nicoli, D.; Årthun, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      We assess to what extent seven state-of-the-art dynamical prediction systems can retrospectively predict winter sea surface temperature (SST) in the subpolar North Atlantic and the Nordic seas in the period 1970–2005. We ...
    • The Seasonal and Regional Transition to an Ice-Free Arctic 

      Årthun, Marius; Onarheim, Ingrid H.; Dörr, Jakob; Eldevik, Tor (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Arctic sea ice cover is currently retreating and will continue its retreat in a warming world. However, the loss of sea ice is neither regionally nor seasonally uniform. Here, we present the first regional and seasonal ...
    • Skilful prediction of cod stocks in the North and Barents Sea a decade in advance 

      Koul, Vimal; Sguotti, Camilla; Årthun, Marius; Brune, Sebastian; Dusterhus, Andre; Bogstad, Bjarte; Ottersen, Geir; Baehr, Johanna; Schrum, Corinna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Reliable information about the future state of the ocean and fish stocks is necessary for informed decision-making by fisheries scientists, managers and the industry. However, decadal regional ocean climate and fish stock ...
    • Variable Nordic Seas Inflow Linked to Shifts in North Atlantic Circulation 

      Asbjørnsen, Helene; Johnson, Helen L.; Årthun, Marius (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The inflow across the Iceland-Scotland Ridge determines the amount of heat supplied to the Nordic Seas from the subpolar North Atlantic (SPNA). Consequently, variable inflow properties and volume transport at the ridge ...