Vis enkel innførsel

dc.contributor.authorLee, Craig M.
dc.contributor.authorStarkweather, Sandy
dc.contributor.authorEicken, Hajo
dc.contributor.authorTimmermans, Mary-Louise
dc.contributor.authorWilkinson, Jeremy
dc.contributor.authorSandven, Stein
dc.contributor.authorDukhovskoy, Dmitry
dc.contributor.authorGerland, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorGrebmeier, Jacqueline
dc.contributor.authorIntrieri, Janet M.
dc.contributor.authorKang, Sung-Ho
dc.contributor.authorMcCammon, Molly
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, An T.
dc.contributor.authorPolyakov, Igor
dc.contributor.authorRabe, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorSagen, Hanne
dc.contributor.authorSeeyave, Sophie
dc.contributor.authorVolkov, Denis
dc.contributor.authorBeszczynska-Möller, Agnieszka
dc.contributor.authorChafik, Léon
dc.contributor.authorDzieciuch, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorGoni, Gustavo
dc.contributor.authorHamre, Torill
dc.contributor.authorKing, Andrew Luke
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Are
dc.contributor.authorRaj, Roshin Pappukutty
dc.contributor.authorRossby, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorSkagseth, Øystein
dc.contributor.authorSøiland, Henrik
dc.contributor.authorSørensen, Kai
dc.PublishedLee, Starkweather, Eicken, Timmermans, Wilkinson, Sandven, Dukhovskoy, Gerland, Grebmeier, Intrieri, Kang, McCammon, Nguyen, Polyakov, Rabe, Sagen H, Seeyave, Volkov, Beszczynska-Möller, Chafik, Dzieciuch, Goni, Hamre T, King AL, Olsen A, Raj RR, Rossby, Skagseth Ø, Søiland H, Sørensen K. A Framework for the Development, Design and Implementation of a Sustained Arctic Ocean Observing System. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019;6:451.eng
dc.description.abstractRapid Arctic warming drives profound change in the marine environment that have significant socio-economic impacts within the Arctic and beyond, including climate and weather hazards, food security, transportation, infrastructure planning and resource extraction. These concerns drive efforts to understand and predict Arctic environmental change and motivate development of an Arctic Region Component of the Global Ocean Observing System (ARCGOOS) capable of collecting the broad, sustained observations needed to support these endeavors. This paper provides a roadmap for establishing the ARCGOOS. ARCGOOS development must be underpinned by a broadly-endorsed framework grounded in high-level policy drivers and the scientific and operational objectives that stem from them. This should be guided by a transparent, internationally accepted governance structure with recognized authority and organizational relationships with the national agencies that ultimately execute network plans. A governance model for ARCGOOS must guide selection of objectives, assess performance and fitness-to-purpose, and advocate for resources. A requirements-based framework for an ARCGOOS begins with the Societal Benefit Areas (SBAs) that underpin the system. SBAs motivate investments and define the system’s science and operational objectives. Objectives can then be used to identify key observables and their scope. The domains of planning/policy, strategy, and tactics define scope ranging from decades and basins to focused observing with near real time data delivery. Patterns emerge when this analysis is integrated across an appropriate set of SBAs and science/operational objectives, identifying impactful variables and the scope of the measurements. When weighted for technological readiness and logistical feasibility, this can be used to select Essential ARCGOOS Variables, analogous to Essential Ocean Variables of the Global Ocean Observing System. The Arctic presents distinct needs and challenges, demanding novel observing strategies. Cost, traceability and ability to integrate region-specific knowledge have to be balanced, in an approach that builds on existing and new observing infrastructure. ARCGOOS should benefit from established data infrastructures following the Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reuseable Principles to ensure preservation and sharing of data and derived products. Linking to the Sustaining Arctic Observing Networks (SAON) process and involving Arctic stakeholders, for example through liaison with the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC), can help ensure success.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY 4.0eng
dc.subjectObserving systemeng
dc.subjectEssential Ocean Variableeng
dc.subjectAutonomous platformseng
dc.subjectObserving system designeng
dc.subjectSocietal benefit areaseng
dc.subjectSustaining Arctic Observing Networkseng
dc.subjectGlobal Ocean Observing Systemeng
dc.titleA Framework for the Development, Design and Implementation of a Sustained Arctic Ocean Observing Systemen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 Lee, Starkweather, Eicken, Timmermans, Wilkinson, Sandven, Dukhovskoy, Gerland, Grebmeier, Intrieri, Kang, McCammon, Nguyen, Polyakov, Rabe, Sagen, Seeyave, Volkov, Beszczynska-Möller, Chafik, Dzieciuch, Goni, Hamre, King, Olsen, Raj, Rossby, Skagseth, Søiland and Sørensen.en_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Marine Science

Tilhørende fil(er)


Denne innførselen finnes i følgende samling(er)

Vis enkel innførsel

Attribution CC BY 4.0
Med mindre annet er angitt, så er denne innførselen lisensiert som Attribution CC BY 4.0