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dc.contributor.authorFoltź, Gregory R.
dc.contributor.authorBrandt, Peter
dc.contributor.authorRichter, Ingo
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez-fonseca, Belen
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Fabrice
dc.contributor.authorDengler, Marcus
dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Regina R.
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, Jörn O.
dc.contributor.authorYu, Lisan
dc.contributor.authorLefevre, Nathalie
dc.contributor.authorDa Cunha, Leticia Cotrim
dc.contributor.authorMcPhaden, Michael J.
dc.contributor.authorAraujo Filho, Moacyr C.
dc.contributor.authorKarstensen, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorHahn, Johannes
dc.contributor.authorMartín-Rey, Marta
dc.contributor.authorPatricola, Christina M.
dc.contributor.authorPoli, Paul
dc.contributor.authorZuidema, Paquita
dc.contributor.authorHummels, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorPerez, Renellys C.
dc.contributor.authorHatje, Vanessa
dc.contributor.authorLübbecke, Joke
dc.contributor.authorPolo, Irene
dc.contributor.authorLumpkin, Rick
dc.contributor.authorBourles, Bernard
dc.contributor.authorAsuquo, Francis E.
dc.contributor.authorLehodey, Patrick
dc.contributor.authorConchon, Anna
dc.contributor.authorChang, Ping
dc.contributor.authorDandin, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorSchmid, Claudia
dc.contributor.authorSutton, Adrienne J.
dc.contributor.authorGiordani, Herve
dc.contributor.authorXue, Yan
dc.contributor.authorIllig, Serena
dc.contributor.authorLosada, Teresa
dc.contributor.authorGrodsky, Semyon
dc.contributor.authorGasparin, Florent
dc.contributor.authorLee, Tong
dc.contributor.authorMohino, Elsa
dc.contributor.authorNobre, Paulo
dc.contributor.authorWanninkhof, Rik
dc.contributor.authorKeenlyside, Noel
dc.contributor.authorGarcon, Veronique
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Gómez, Emilia
dc.contributor.authorNnamchi, Hyacinth C.
dc.contributor.authorDrévillon, Marie
dc.contributor.authorStorto, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorRemy, Elisabeth
dc.contributor.authorLazar, Alban
dc.contributor.authorSpeich, Sabrina
dc.contributor.authorGoes, Marlos P.
dc.contributor.authorDorrington, Tarquin
dc.contributor.authorJohns, William E.
dc.contributor.authorMoum, James N.
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Carol
dc.contributor.authorPerruche, Coralie
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Ronald B.
dc.contributor.authorGaye, Amadou
dc.contributor.authorLópez-Parages, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorMonerie, Paul-Arthur
dc.contributor.authorCastellanos, Paola
dc.contributor.authorBenson, Nsikak U.
dc.contributor.authorHounkonnou, Mahouton N.
dc.contributor.authorDuhá, Janice T.
dc.contributor.authorLaxenaire, Rémi
dc.contributor.authorReul, Nicolas
dc.PublishedFoltź GR, Brandt P, Richter I, Rodriguez-Fonseca B, Hernandez F, Dengler M, Rodrigues, et al. The tropical Atlantic observing system. Frontiers in Marine Science. 2019;6:206eng
dc.description.abstractThe tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic biological productivity, and atmospheric circulation in the equatorial Pacific. The tropical Atlantic also connects the southern and northern branches of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation and receives freshwater input from some of the world’s largest rivers. To address these diverse, unique, and interconnected research challenges, a rich network of ocean observations has developed, building on the backbone of the Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). This network has evolved naturally over time and out of necessity in order to address the most important outstanding scientific questions and to improve predictions of tropical Atlantic severe weather and global climate variability and change. The tropical Atlantic observing system is motivated by goals to understand and better predict phenomena such as tropical Atlantic interannual to decadal variability and climate change; multidecadal variability and its links to the meridional overturning circulation; air-sea fluxes of CO2 and their implications for the fate of anthropogenic CO2; the Amazon River plume and its interactions with biogeochemistry, vertical mixing, and hurricanes; the highly productive eastern boundary and equatorial upwelling systems; and oceanic oxygen minimum zones, their impacts on biogeochemical cycles and marine ecosystems, and their feedbacks to climate. Past success of the tropical Atlantic observing system is the result of an international commitment to sustained observations and scientific cooperation, a willingness to evolve with changing research and monitoring needs, and a desire to share data openly with the scientific community and operational centers. The observing system must continue to evolve in order to meet an expanding set of research priorities and operational challenges. This paper discusses the tropical Atlantic observing system, including emerging scientific questions that demand sustained ocean observations, the potential for further integration of the observing system, and the requirements for sustaining and enhancing the tropical Atlantic observing system.en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.subjecttropical Atlantic Oceaneng
dc.subjectobserving systemeng
dc.subjectcoupled model biaseng
dc.titleThe tropical Atlantic observing systemen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Marine Science

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