Effect of margin design on fracture load of zirconia crowns
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Zirconia‐based restorations are showing an increase as the clinicians’ preferred choice at posterior sites because of the strength and esthetic properties of such restorations. However, all‐ceramic restorations fracture at higher rates than do metal‐based restorations. Margin design is one of several factors that can affect the fracture strength of all‐ceramic restorations. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of preparation and crown margin design on fracture resistance. Four groups of bilayer zirconia crowns (with 10 crowns in each group) were produced by hard‐ or soft‐machining technique, with the following four different margin designs: chamfer preparation (control); slice preparation; slice preparation with an additional cervical collar of 0.7 mm thickness; and reduced occlusal thickness (to 0.4 mm) on slice preparation with an additional cervical collar of 0.7 mm thickness. Additionally, 10 hard‐machined crowns with slice preparation were veneered and glazed with feldspathic porcelain. In total, 90 crowns were loaded centrally in the occlusal fossa until fracture. The load at fracture was higher than clinically relevant mastication loads for all preparation and margin designs. The crowns on a chamfer preparation fractured at higher loads compared with crowns on a slice preparation. An additional cervical collar increased load at fracture for hard‐machined crowns.