Recent Submissions

  • Child and maternal malnutrition: A cohort study from a drought-prone area in southern Ethiopia 

    Dinage, Mehretu Belayneh (Doctoral thesis, 2022-10-18)
    Bakgrunn: I Etiopia er underernæring hos barn og mødre fortsatt store folkehelseproblemer, spesielt i landlige og fattige husholdninger. Landet er langt fra å nå de globale ernæringsmålene, selv om ernæringspolitikk og ...
  • Novel adipose genes in substrate- and depot-dependent lipid accumulation 

    Tallapragada, Divya Sri Priyanka (Doctoral thesis, 2021-06-24)
    Altered adipose tissue function in obesity is linked to increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and cardiometabolic diseases via insulin resistance, visceral adiposity, hypertension, and other traits. This thesis studied ...
  • The changing spectrum of microbial aetiology of respiratory tract infections in hospitalized patients before and during the COVID-19 pandemic 

    Serigstad, Sondre; Markussen, Dagfinn Lunde; Ritz, Christian; Ebbesen, Marit Helen; Knoop, Siri Tandberg; Kommedal, Øyvind; Heggelund, Lars; Ulvestad, Elling; Bjørneklett, Rune Oskar; Grewal, Harleen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022-09-30)
    Background: The COVID-19 pandemic was met with strict containment measures. We hypothesized that societal infection control measures would impact the number of hospital admissions for respiratory tract infections, as well ...
  • Microemboli detection in acute ischemic stroke 

    Aarli, Sander Johan (Doctoral thesis, 2021-12-10)
    Microembolic signals (MES) are detectable by transcranial Doppler monitoring and represent small, clinically silent particles in the cerebral circulation. MES are related to increased risk of first or recurrent ischemic ...
  • Cone beam computed tomography indications for interdisciplinary therapy planning of impacted canines 

    Ihlis, Randi Lynds; Giovanos, Christina; Liao, Haihong; Ring, Ingrid; Malmgren, Olle; Tsilingaridis, Georgios; Benchimol, Daniel; Shi, Xie-Qi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Objective: To investigate how cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) affects the therapeutic planning of impacted maxillary canines. Study Design: A total of 132 impacted canines from 89 pediatric patients were collected ...
  • A gentle introduction to instrumental variables 

    Widding-Havneraas, Tarjei; Zachrisson, Henrik Daae (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Instrumental variables (IV) is a central strategy for identifying causal effects in absence of randomized experiments. Clinicians and epidemiologists may find the intuition of IV easy to grasp by comparison to randomized ...
  • “Your heart keeps bleeding”: lived experiences of parents with a perinatal death in Northern Uganda 

    Arach, Anna Agnes Ojok; Kiguli, Juliet; Nankabirwa, Victoria; Nakasujja, Noeline; Mukunya, David; Musaba, Milton W.; Napyo, Agnes Kasede; Tumwine, James K; Ndeezi, Grace; Rujumba, Joseph (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022-06-15)
    Background: Worldwide, two million babies are stillborn and 1.8 million babies die before completing seven days of life. Approximately 4% of pregnant women in Uganda experience perinatal death. The response following a ...
  • Fluorochrome Selection for Imaging Intraoperative Ovarian Cancer Probes 

    Perrone, Maria Grazia; Vitale, Paola; Miciaccia, Morena; Ferorelli, Savina; Centonze, Antonella; Solidoro, Roberta; Munzone, Cristina; Bonaccorso, Carmela; Fortuna, Cosimo Gianluca; Kleinmanns, Katrin; Bjørge, Line; Scilimati, Antonio (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    The identification and removal of all gross and microscopic tumor to render the patient disease free represents a huge challenge in ovarian cancer treatment. The presence of residual disease is an independent negative ...
  • DNA methylation changes in response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy are associated with breast cancer survival 

    Pedersen, Christine Aaserød; Cao, Maria Dung; Fleischer, Thomas; Rye, Morten Beck; Knappskog, Stian; Eikesdal, Hans Petter; Lønning, Per Eystein; Tost, Jörg; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Tessem, May-Britt; Giskeødegård, Guro F.; Bathen, Tone Frost (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background: Locally advanced breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease with respect to response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and survival. It is currently not possible to accurately predict who will benefit from the ...
  • Impact on follow-up strategies in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis 

    Bergquist, Annika; Weismüller, Tobias J.; Levy, Cynthia; Rupp, Christian; Joshi, Deepak; Nayagam, Jeremy Shanika; Montano-Loza, Aldo J.; Lytvyak, Ellina; Wunsch, Ewa; Milkiewicz, Piotr; Zenouzi, Roman; Schramm, Christoph; Cazzagon, Nora; Floreani, Annarosa; Liby, Ingalill Friis; Wiestler, Miriam; Wedemeyer, Heiner; Zhou, Taotao; Strassburg, Christian P.; Rigopoulou, Eirini; Dalekos, George; Narasimman, Manasa; Verhelst, Xavier; Degroote, Helena; Vesterhus, Mette Nåmdal; Kremer, Andreas E.; Bündgens, Bennet; Rorsman, Fredrik; Nilsson, Emma; Jørgensen, Kristin Kaasen; von Seth, Erik; Cornillet Jeannin, Martin; Nyhlin, Nils; Martin, Harry; Kechagias, Stergios; Wiencke, Kristine; Werner, Mårten; Beretta-Piccoli, Benedetta Terziroli; Marzioni, Marco; Isoniemi, Helena; Arola, Johanna; Wefer, Agnes; Söderling, Jonas; Färkkilä, Martti; Lenzen, Henrike (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background & Aims: Evidence for the benefit of scheduled imaging for early detection of hepatobiliary malignancies in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is limited. We aimed to compare different follow-up strategies in ...
  • Factors associated with formal and informal resource utilization in nursing home patients with and without dementia: cross-sectional analyses from the COSMOS trial 

    Vislapuu, Maarja; Berge, Line Iden; Angeles, Renira Corinne; Kjerstad, Egil; Mannseth, Janne; Achterberg, Wilco; Husebø, Bettina Elisabeth Franziska (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Objectives: To investigate the association between clinical, demographic, and organizational factors and formal (health professionals) and informal (relatives) resource utilization in nursing home patients with and without ...
  • Digestive tolerability and acceptability of Fibersol-2 in healthy and diarrheal children 1–3 years old at a rural facility, Bangladesh: Results from a four arm exploratory study 

    Shahid, Abu Sadat Mohammad Sayeem Bin; Ahmed, Shahnawaz; Renesa, Tanzina Tazul; Onni, Anindita Tasnim; Dash, Sampa; Kishimoto, Yuka; Kanahori, Sumiko; Ahmed, Tahmeed; Faruque, Abu Syed Golam; Chisti, Mohammod Jobayer (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background: Fibersol-2 has some beneficial effects on human health. We aimed to evaluate the digestive tolerability and acceptability of Fibersol-2 in healthy and diarrheal children, as well as improvement in stool ...
  • A novel bicyclic lactone and other polyphenols from the commercially important vegetable Anthriscus cerefolium 

    Slimestad, Rune; Rathe, Bendik Auran; Aesoy, Reidun; Diaz, Andrea Estefania Carpinteyro; Herfindal, Lars; Fossen, Torgils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Garden chervil, Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffm. is an important herb commonly applied in Norwegian large-scale commercial kitchens. This species is a highly enriched source of phenolics, containing 1260 mg gallic acid ...
  • Alveolar function following extremely preterm birth 

    Satrell, Emma (Doctoral thesis, 2022-12-16)
    Bakgrunn: Ekstremt prematur (EP) fødsel skjer før normal lungeutvikling er fullført, og forstyrrer vekst og differensiering av alveolene. Mindre areal og tykkere membraner i alveolene gjør at lungenes evne til å drive ...
  • Development of lung diffusion to adulthood following extremely preterm birth 

    Satrell, Emma Elsa Carolina; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Røksund, Ola Drange; Hufthammer, Karl Ove; Thorsen, Einar; Halvorsen, Thomas; Vollsæter, Maria (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background: Gas exchange in extremely preterm (EP) infants must take place in fetal lungs. Childhood lung diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) is reduced; however, longitudinal development has not been ...
  • Primary health care delivery in a Sidama community undergoing demographic transition 

    Areru, Hiwot Abera (Doctoral thesis, 2022-12-14)
    Lav bruk av helsetjenester på den etiopiske landsbygd. Rundt halvparten av verdens befolkning har liten tilgang på livsviktige helsetjenester. Og, spesielt ilavinntektsland,er registreringen av sykelighets, fødsels og ...
  • “Death audit is a fight” – provider perspectives on the ethics of the Maternal and Perinatal Death Surveillance and Response (MPDSR) system in Ethiopia 

    Cetin, Kaya; Worku, Dawit; Demtse, Asrat; Melberg, Andrea; Miljeteig, Ingrid (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background Maternal and neonatal health are regarded as important indicators of health in most countries. Death auditing through, for example, the Maternal and Perinatal Death Surveillance and Response (MPDSR) is viewed ...
  • Simulation-based team-training in acute stroke: Is it safe to speed up? 

    Høllesli, Liv Jorunn; Ajmi, Soffien Chadli; Kurz, Friedrich Martin Wilhelm; Tysland, Thomas Bailey; Hagir, Morten; Dalen, Ingvild; Qvindesland, Sigrun Anna; Ersdal, Hege Langli; Kurz, Kathinka Dæhli (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background In acute ischemic stroke (AIS), rapid treatment with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is crucial for good clinical outcome. Weekly simulation-based team-training of the stroke treatment team was implemented, ...
  • Brain plasticity after cognitive intervention in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) evaluated by multimodal MR imaging in a randomized, controlled trial. 

    Hol, Haakon Ramsland (Doctoral thesis, 2022-12-16)
    Hjerneplasitisitet undersøkt hos individer med mild kognitiv svikt etter PC-administrert arbeidsminnetrening, evaluert med multimodal MRI teknikk, en randomisert kontroll studie. Formål: Hovedmålet med studien var å ...
  • Births and deaths in Sidama in southern Ethiopia: findings from the 2018 Dale-Wonsho Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) 

    Areru, Hiwot Abera; Dangisso, Mesay Hailu; Lindtjørn, Bernt (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
    Background: Sidama is one of the most densely populated areas in Ethiopia. Information about the demographic characteristics is scarce, and most studies were census based on interviews. Earlier population studies from ...

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