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dc.contributor.authorThomas, Jessica E
dc.contributor.authorCarvalho, Gary R.
dc.contributor.authorJames, Haile
dc.contributor.authorRawlence, Nicolas J.
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Michael David
dc.contributor.authorHo, Simon Y.W.
dc.contributor.authorSigfússon, Arnór
dc.contributor.authorJósefsson, Vigfús A.
dc.contributor.authorFrederiksen, Morten
dc.contributor.authorLinnebjerg, Jannie F.
dc.contributor.authorCastruita, Jose A. Samaniego
dc.contributor.authorNiemann, Jonas
dc.contributor.authorSinding, Mikkel-Holger S.
dc.contributor.authorSandoval-Velasco, Marcela
dc.contributor.authorSoares, André E.R.
dc.contributor.authorLacy, Robert
dc.contributor.authorBarilaro, Christina
dc.contributor.authorBest, Julia
dc.contributor.authorBrandis, Dirk
dc.contributor.authorCavallo, Chiara
dc.contributor.authorElorza, Mikelo
dc.contributor.authorGarrett, Kimball L
dc.contributor.authorGroot, Maaike
dc.contributor.authorJohansson, Friederike
dc.contributor.authorLifjeld, Jan Terje
dc.contributor.authorNilson, Göran
dc.contributor.authorSerjeanston, Dale
dc.contributor.authorSweet, Paul
dc.contributor.authorFuller, Errol
dc.contributor.authorHufthammer, Anne Karin
dc.contributor.authorMeldgaard, Morten
dc.contributor.authorFjeldså, Jon
dc.contributor.authorShapiro, Beth
dc.contributor.authorHofreiter, Michael
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Marcus Thomas Pius
dc.contributor.authorKnapp, Michael
dc.PublishedThomas JE, Carvalho GR, James H, Rawlence NJ, Martin MD, Ho SY. Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the Great Auk. eLIFE. 2019;8:e47509eng
dc.description.abstractThe great auk was once abundant and distributed across the North Atlantic. It is now extinct, having been heavily exploited for its eggs, meat, and feathers. We investigated the impact of human hunting on its demise by integrating genetic data, GPS-based ocean current data, and analyses of population viability. We sequenced complete mitochondrial genomes of 41 individuals from across the species’ geographic range and reconstructed population structure and population dynamics throughout the Holocene. Taken together, our data do not provide any evidence that great auks were at risk of extinction prior to the onset of intensive human hunting in the early 16th century. In addition, our population viability analyses reveal that even if the great auk had not been under threat by environmental change, human hunting alone could have been sufficient to cause its extinction. Our results emphasise the vulnerability of even abundant and widespread species to intense and localised exploitation.en_US
dc.publishereLife Sciences Publicationseng
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.titleDemographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the Great Aukeng
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Authorseng

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