Biodiversity studies in Afrotropical moth flies (Diptera: Psychodidae)
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NB! The nomenclatural acts proposed herein are not validly published according to the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature and must therefore be considered mere suggestions rather than valid scientific names(ICZN, see www.iczn.org). Chapter 1 provides a systematic context for the work; reviewing the diversity, morphology, systematics and classification of Psychodidae of the world. Six subfamilies Bruchomyiinae, Phlebotominae, Psychodinae, Sycoracinae, Trichomyiinae and Horaiellinae are recognised. The chapter gives an overview of their characteristics, species diversity and known biology. It also includes a broad review of the morphological characters used in the taxonomy of Psychodidae with an emphasis on the most species-rich subfamily Psychodinae. Chapter 2 catalogues the Afrotropical fauna of non-phlebotomine Psychodidae. A total of 175 species in 27 genera are listed, all with full bibliographic citations and distributional data. Cryptotelmatoscopus Vaillant, 1982 is placed as a subgenus of Clogmia Enderlein, 1935, stat.nov.; Karakovounimerus Je ek, 1990 is placed as a subgenus of Panimerus Eaton, 1904, stat.nov.; Orgaoclogmia Je ek & van Harten, 1996 is synonymised with Cryptotelmatoscopus Vaillant, 1982, syn.nov.; and Rhipidopsychoda Vaillant, 1991 is synonymised with Threticus Eaton, 1904 syn.nov. Telmatoscopus flagellifer Freeman, 1949, Mormia soelii Wagner & Andersen, 2007 and Rhadinoscopus triangulatus Wagner, 1979 are transferred to Hemimormia Krek, 1971, comb.nov.; Orgaoclogmia caboverdeana Je ek & van Harten, 1996 is transferred to Clogmia Enderlein, 1937, comb.nov.; Telmatoscopus pilosternatus Satchell, 1955 is transferred to Mormopericomiella Je ek & van Harten, 2002, comb.nov.; Copropsychoda bulbosa Je ek & van Harten, 2005, Falsologima verrucosa Je ek & van Harten, 2005, Psychana rujumensis Je ek & van Harten, 2005 and Psychodocha khoralkhwairensis Je ek & van Harten, 2009 are transferred to Psychoda Latreille, 1796 comb.nov.; and Psychoda boettgeri Wagner, 1979 is transferred to Threticus Eaton, 1904 comb.nov. Chapter 3 investigates the habitats of Psychodidae in Budongo forest, Uganda, based on Malaise trap samples in the forest's four different vegetation types: Colonizing forest, mixed mature forest, Cynometra alexandrei-dominated climax forest and swamp forest. A total of 546 specimens were collected, of which 103 specimens of 38 morphospecies in eight genera could be identified. One of the genera appears to be new to science and five other genera are recorded for the first time from Uganda. The genus Neotelmatoscopus Tonnoir, 1933, is recorded for the first time from the Afrotropical region. The dominant genus both in species richness and in total abundance is Psychoda. The colonizing and mixed mature forest types had quite similar species assemblages and an apparently much higher diversity than both the swamp forest and the Cynometra forest. The results are briefly discussed and compared to a similar study in Brazil. Chapter 4 is a review of the Afrotropical species of Trichomyia Haliday in Curtis, 1839. Trichomyia piricornis Freeman, 1949 and Trichomyia congoensis Satchell, 1956 are redescribed based on type material. Trichomyia nodosa Duckhouse, 1980, Trichomyia dlinzae Duckhouse, 1980 and Trichomyia brochata Quate, 1957 are diagnosed. Trichomyia anderseni, sp.nov., Trichomyia budongoensis sp.nov., Trichomyia cornifera sp.nov., Trichomyia cynometrae...