• Arctic Ocean Response to Greenland Sea Wind Anomaliesin a Suite of Model Simulations 

      Muilwijk, Morven; Ilicak, Mehmet; Cornish, Sam B.; Danilov, Sergey; Gelderloos, Renske; Gerdes, Rüdiger; Haid, Verena; Haine, Thomas W.N.; Johnson, Helen L.; Kostov, Yavor; Kovács, Tamás; Lique, Camille; Marson, Juliana M.; Myers, Paul G.; Scott, Jeffery; Smedsrud, Lars H.; Talandier, Claude; Wang, Qiang (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-04)
      Plain Language Summary: The North Atlantic Current is an extension of the Gulf Stream, which brings warm Atlantic Water northward as the current flows through the Nordic Seas. Eventually, it enters the cold deep Arctic ...
    • Causes of the large warm bias in the Angola–Benguela Frontal Zone in the Norwegian Earth System Model 

      Koseki, Shunya; Keenlyside, Noel; Demissie, Teferi Dejene; Toniazzo, Thomas; Counillon, Francois; Bethke, Ingo; Ilicak, Mehmet; Shen, Mao-Lin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We have investigated the causes of the sea surface temperature (SST) bias in the Angola–Benguela Frontal Zone (ABFZ) of the southeastern Atlantic Ocean simulated by the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM). Similar to ...
    • Consequences of future increased Arctic runoff on Arctic Ocean stratification, circulation, and sea ice cover 

      Nummelin, Aleksi; Ilicak, Mehmet; Li, Camille; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-01-21)
      The Arctic Ocean has important freshwater sources including river runoff, low evaporation, and exchange with the Pacific Ocean. In the future, we expect even larger freshwater input as the global hydrological cycle ...
    • Diagnosing and Understanding the AMOC Biases in NorESM 

      Ivanova, Detelina; Bentsen, Mats; Ilicak, Mehmet; Gao, Chuncheng; Drange, Helge (Conference object; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We investigate the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM) featuring isopycnal ocean component (MICOM). The Coupled Model Intercomparison Phase 5 (CMIP5) NorESM ...
    • Overview of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) and key climate response of CMIP6 DECK, historical, and scenario simulations 

      Seland, Øyvind; Bentsen, Mats; Oliviè, Dirk Jan Leo; Toniazzo, Thomas; Gjermundsen, Ada; Graff, Lise Seland; Debernard, Jens Boldingh; Gupta, Alok Kumar; He, Yan-Chun; Kirkevåg, Alf; Schwinger, Jörg; Tjiputra, Jerry; Aas, Kjetil Schanke; Bethke, Ingo; Fan, Yuanchao; Griesfeller, Jan; Grini, Alf; Guo, Chuncheng; Ilicak, Mehmet; Karset, Inger Helene H.; Landgren, Oskar Andreas; Liakka, Johan; Moseid, Kine Onsum; Nummelin, Aleksi; Spensberger, Clemens; Tang, Hui; Zhang, Zhongshi; Heinze, Christoph; Iversen, Trond; Schulz, Michael (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      The second version of the coupled Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM2) is presented and evaluated. NorESM2 is based on the second version of the Community Earth System Model (CESM2) and shares with CESM2 the computer ...
    • Tracing the Imprint of River Runoff Variability on Arctic Water Mass Transformation 

      Lambert, Erwin; Nummelin, Aleksi; Pemberton, Per; Ilicak, Mehmet (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-14)
      The Arctic Ocean receives a net freshwater input from land and from the atmosphere. This flux of freshwater, along with net surface heat loss, acts to transform the water mass properties of inflowing Atlantic and Pacific ...
    • Variability along the Atlantic water pathway in the forced Norwegian Earth System Model 

      Langehaug, Helene R.; Sandø, Anne Britt; Årthun, Marius; Ilicak, Mehmet (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-27)
      The growing attention on mechanisms that can provide predictability on interannual-to-decadal time scales, makes it necessary to identify how well climate models represent such mechanisms. In this study we use a high (0.25° ...