• Constraining the oceanic uptake and fluxes of greenhouse gases by building an ocean network of certified stations: The ocean component of the Integrated Carbon Observation System, ICOS-Oceans 

      Steinhoff, Tobias; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Jones, Stephen Daniel; Schuster, Ute; Olsen, Are; Becker, Meike; Bozzano, Roberto; Brunetti, Fabio; Cantoni, Carolina; Cardin, Vanessa; Diverrès, Denis; Fiedler, Björn; Fransson, Agneta; Giani, Michele; Hartman, Sue; Hoppema, Mario; Jeansson, Emil; Johannessen, Truls; Kitidis, Vassilis; Körtzinger, Arne; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Luchetta, Anna; Naudts, Lieven; Nightingale, Philip D.; Omar, Abdirahman; Pensieri, Sara; Pfeil, Benjamin; Castano Primo, Rocio; Rehder, Gregor; Rutgersson, Anna; Sanders, Richard; Schewe, Ingo; Siena, Giuseppe; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Soltwedel, Thomas; van Heuven, Steven; Watson, Andrew (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The European Research Infrastructure Consortium “Integrated Carbon Observation System” (ICOS) aims at delivering high quality greenhouse gas (GHG) observations and derived data products (e.g., regional GHG-flux maps) for ...
    • Evolving and sustaining ocean best practices and standards for the next decade 

      Pearlman, Jay; Bushnell, Mark; Coppola, Laurent; Karstensen, Johannes; Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Pearlman, Françoise; Simpson, Pauline; Barbier, Michele; Muller-Karger, Frank Edgar; Munoz-Mas, Cristian; Pissierssens, Peter; Chandler, Cyndy; Hermes, Juliet; Heslop, Emma; Jenkyns, Reyna; Achterberg, Eric P.; Bensi, Manuel; Bittig, Henry C.; Blandin, Jerome; Bosch, Julie; Bourles, Bernard; Bozzano, Roberto; Buck, Justin J.H.; Burger, Eugene F.; Cano, Daniel; Cardin, Vanessa; Llorens, Miguel Charcos; Cianca, Andres; Chen, Hua; Cusack, Caroline; Delory, Eric; Garello, Rene; Giovanetti, Gabriele; Harscoat, Valerie; Hartman, Susan; Heitsenrether, Robert; Jirka, Simon; Lara-Lopez, Ana Ligia; Lanteri, Nadine; Leadbetter, Adam; Manzella, Giuseppe; Maso, Joan; McCurdy, Andrea; Moussat, Eric; Ntoumas, Manolis; Pensieri, Sara; Petihakis, George; Pinardi, Nadia; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Przeslawski, Rachel; Roden, Nicholas; Silke, Joe; Tamburri, Mario N.; Tang, Hairong; Tanhua, Toste; Telszewski, Maciej; Testor, Pierre; Thomas, Julie; Waldmann, Christoph; Whoriskey, Fred (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-04)
      The oceans play a key role in global issues such as climate change, food security, and human health. Given their vast dimensions and internal complexity, efficient monitoring and predicting of the planet’s ocean must be a ...
    • Evolving the global ocean observing system for research and application services through international coordination 

      Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Wilkin, John; Hill, Katherine L.; Chidichimo, Maria Paz; Cronin, Meghan F; Johannessen, Johnny Andre; Karstensen, Johannes; Krug, Marjolaine; Lee, Tong; Oka, Eitarou; Palmer, Matthew D.; Rabe, Benjamin; Speich, Sabrina; von Schuckmann, Karina; Weller, Robert A; Yu, Weidong (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-06)
      Climate change and variability are major societal challenges, and the ocean is an integral part of this complex and variable system. Key to the understanding of the ocean’s role in the Earth’s climate system is the study ...
    • A Framework for the Development, Design and Implementation of a Sustained Arctic Ocean Observing System 

      Lee, Craig M.; Starkweather, Sandy; Eicken, Hajo; Timmermans, Mary-Louise; Wilkinson, Jeremy; Sandven, Stein; Dukhovskoy, Dmitry; Gerland, Sebastian; Grebmeier, Jacqueline; Intrieri, Janet M.; Kang, Sung-Ho; McCammon, Molly; Nguyen, An T.; Polyakov, Igor; Rabe, Benjamin; Sagen, Hanne; Seeyave, Sophie; Volkov, Denis; Beszczynska-Möller, Agnieszka; Chafik, Léon; Dzieciuch, Matthew; Goni, Gustavo; Hamre, Torill; King, Andrew Luke; Olsen, Are; Raj, Roshin Pappukutty; Rossby, Thomas; Skagseth, Øystein; Søiland, Henrik; Sørensen, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-08)
      Rapid Arctic warming drives profound change in the marine environment that have significant socio-economic impacts within the Arctic and beyond, including climate and weather hazards, food security, transportation, ...
    • The Northeast Greenland shelf as a potential habitat for the Northeast Arctic cod 

      Strand, Kjersti Opstad; Sundby, Svein; Albretsen, Jon; Vikebø, Frode Bendiksen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09-26)
      Observations (1978–1991) of distributions of pelagic juvenile Northeast Arctic cod (Gadus morhua L.) show that up to 1/3 of the year class are dispersed off the continental shelf and into the deep Norwegian Sea while on ...
    • Ocean Biogeochemical Predictions—Initialization and Limits of Predictability 

      Fransner, Filippa; Counillon, Francois; Bethke, Ingo; Tjiputra, Jerry; Samuelsen, Annette; Nummelin, Aleksi; Olsen, Are (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Predictions of ocean biogeochemistry, such as primary productivity and CO2 uptake, would help to understand the changing marine environment and the global climate. There is an emerging number of studies where initialization ...
    • Ocean FAIR data services 

      Tanhua, Toste; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Hausman, Jessica; O'Brien, Kevin M.; Bricher, Pip; de Bruin, Taco; Buck, Justin J.; Burger, Eugene F.; Carval, Thierry; Casey, Kenneth S.; Diggs, Steve; Giorgetti, Alessandra; Glaves, Helen; Harscoat, Valerie; Kinkade, Danie; Muelbert, Jose H.; Novellino, Antonio; Pfeil, Benjamin; Pulsifer, Peter; van de Putte, Anton P.; Robinson, Erin; Shaap, Dick; Smirnov, Alexander; Smith, Neville; Snowden, Derrick P.; Spears, Tobias; Stall, Shelley; Tacoma, Marten; Thijsse, Peter; Tronstad, Stein; Vandenberghe, Thomas; Wengren, Micha; Wyborn, Lesley; Zhao, Zhiming (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-07)
      Well-founded data management systems are of vital importance for ocean observing systems as they ensure that essential data are not only collected but also retained and made accessible for analysis and application by current ...
    • OceanGliders: A component of the integrated GOOS 

      Testor, Pierre; DeYoung, Brad; Rudnick, Daniel L.; Glenn, Scott; Hayes, Daniel; Lee, Craig; Pattiaratchi, Charitha B.; Hill, Katherine L.; Heslop, Emma; Turpin, Victor; Alenius, Pekka; Barrera, Carlos; Barth, John; Beaird, Nicholas; Becu, Guislain; Bosse, Anthony; Bourrin, François; Brearley, Alex; Chao, Yi; Chen, Sue; Chiggiato, Jacopo; Coppola, Laurent; Crout, Richard; Cummings, James; Curry, Beth; Curry, Ruth; Davis, Richard; Desai, Kruti; DiMarco, Steven; Edwards, Catherine; Fielding, Sophie; Fer, Ilker; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Gildor, Hezi; Goni, Gustavo; Gutierrez, Dimitri; Hanson, Stephanie; Haugan, Peter M.; Hebert, David; Heiderich, Joleen; Heywood, Karen J.; Hogan, Patrick; Houpert, Loïc; Huh, Sik; Inall, Mark E.; Ishii, Masso; Ito, Schin-ichi; Itoh, Sachihiko; Jan, Sen; Kaiser, Jan; Karstensen, Johannes; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Klymak, Jody; Kohut, Josh; Krahmann, Gerd; Krug, Marjolaine; McClatchie, Sam; Marin, Frederic; Mauri, Elena; Mehra, Avichal; Meredith, Michael P.; Miles, Travis; Morell, Julio; Mortier, Laurent; Nicholson, Sarah; O'Callaghan, Joanne; O'Conchubhair, Diarmuid; Oke, Peter R.; Sanz, Enric P.; Palmer, Matthew; Park, JongJin; Perivoliotis, Leonidas; Poulain, Pierre-Marie; Perry, Ruth; Queste, Bastien; Rainville, Luc; Rehm, Eric; Roughan, Moninya; Rome, Nicholas; Ross, Tetjana; Ruiz, Simon; Saba, Grace; Schaeffer, Amandine; Schonau, Martha; Schroeder, Katrin; Shimizu, Yugo; Sloyan, Bernadette M.; Smeed, David; Snowden, Derrick P.; Song, Yumi; Swart, Sebastiaan; Tenreiro, Miguel; Thompson, Andrew F.; Tintore, Joaquin; Todd, Robert E.; Toro, Cesar; Venables, Hugh; Waterman, Stephanie; Watlington, Roy; Wilson, Doug (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-10-02)
      The OceanGliders program started in 2016 to support active coordination and enhancement of global glider activity. OceanGliders contributes to the international efforts of the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS) for ...
    • On the future of Argo: A global, full-depth, multi-disciplinary array 

      Roemmich, Dean; Alford, Matthew H.; Claustre, Herve; Johnson, Kenneth S.; King, Brian; Moum, James; Oke, Peter R.; Owens, W. Brechner; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Purkey, Sarah; Scanderbeg, Megan; Suga, Toshio; Wijffels, Susan E.; Zilberman, Nathalie; Bakker, Dorothee; Baringer, Molly O.; Belbeoch, Mathieu; Bittig, Henry C.; Boss, Emmanuel; Calil, Paulo; Carse, Fiona; Carval, Thierry; Chai, Fei; Conchubhair, Diarmuid Ó.; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Dall'Olmo, Giorgio; Desbruyeres, Damien; Fennel, Katja; Fer, Ilker; Ferrari, Raffaele; Forget, Gael; Freeland, Howard; Fujiki, Tetsuichi; Gehlen, Marion; Greenan, Blair; Hallberg, Robert; Hibiya, Toshiyuki; Hosoda, Shigeki; Jayne, Steven; Jochum, Markus; Johnson, Gregory C.; Kang, KiRyong; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Körtzinger, Arne; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Lenn, Yueng-Djern; Maze, Guillaume; Mork, Kjell Arne; Morris, Tamaryn; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Nash, Jonathan; Garabato, Alberto N.; Olsen, Are; Pattabhi, Rama R.; Prakash, Satya; Riser, Stephen; Schmechtig, Catherin; Shroyer, Emily; Sterl, Andreas; Sutton, Philip; Talley, Lynne; Tanhua, Toste; Thierry, Virginie; Thomalla, Sandy; Toole, John; Troisi, Ariel; Trull, Thomas W.; Turton, Jonathan D.; Vélez-Belchi, Pedro Joaquin; Walczowski, Waldemar; Wang, Haili; Wanninkhof, Rik; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Watson, Andrew; Wilson, Cara; Wong, Annie P.S.; Xu, Jianping; Yasuda, Ichiro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-02)
      The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from ...
    • On the future of Argo: A global, full-depth, multi-disciplinary array 

      Roemmich, Dean; Alford, Matthew H.; Claustre, Herve; Johnson, Kenneth S.; King, Brian; Moum, James; Oke, Peter R.; Owens, W. Brechner; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Purkey, Sarah; Scanderbeg, Megan; Suga, Toshio; Wijffels, Susan E.; Zilberman, Nathalie; Bakker, Dorothee; Baringer, Molly O.; Belbeoch, Mathieu; Bittig, Henry C.; Boss, Emmanuel; Calil, Paulo; Carse, Fiona; Carval, Thierry; Chai, Fei; Conchubhair, Diarmuid Ó.; D'Ortenzio, Fabrizio; Dall'Olmo, Giorgio; Desbruyeres, Damien; Fennel, Katja; Fer, Ilker; Ferrari, Raffaele; Forget, Gael; Freeland, Howard; Fujiki, Tetsuichi; Gehlen, Marion; Greenan, Blair; Hallberg, Robert; Hibiya, Toshiyuki; Hosoda, Shigeki; Jayne, Steven; Jochum, Markus; Johnson, Gregory C.; Kang, KiRyong; Kolodziejczyk, Nicolas; Körtzinger, Arne; Le Traon, Pierre-Yves; Lenn, Yueng-Djern; Maze, Guillaume; Mork, Kjell Arne; Morris, Tamaryn; Nagai, Takeyoshi; Nash, Jonathan; Garabato, Alberto N.; Olsen, Are; Pattabhi, Rama R.; Prakash, Satya; Riser, Stephen; Schmechtig, Catherin; Shroyer, Emily; Sterl, Andreas; Sutton, Philip; Talley, Lynne; Tanhua, Toste; Thierry, Virginie; Thomalla, Sandy; Toole, John; Troisi, Ariel; Trull, Thomas W.; Turton, Jonathan D.; Vélez-Belchi, Pedro Joaquin; Walczowski, Waldemar; Wang, Haili; Wanninkhof, Rik; Waterhouse, Amy F.; Watson, Andrew; Wilson, Cara; Wong, Annie P.S.; Xu, Jianping; Yasuda, Ichiro (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-02)
      The Argo Program has been implemented and sustained for almost two decades, as a global array of about 4000 profiling floats. Argo provides continuous observations of ocean temperature and salinity versus pressure, from ...
    • A surface ocean CO2 reference network, SOCONET and associated marine boundary layer CO2 measurements 

      Wanninkhof, Rik; Pickers, Penelope A.; Omar, Abdirahman; Sutton, Adrienne; Murata, Akihiko; Olsen, Are; Stephens, Britton B.; Tilbrook, Bronte; Munro, David; Pierrot, Denis; Rehder, Gregor; Santana-Casiano, J. Magdalena; Müller, Jens D.; Trinanes, Joaquin; Tedesco, Kathy; O'Brien, Kevin; Currie, Kim; Barbero, Leticia; Telszewski, Maciej; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; González-Dávila, Melchor; Bates, Nicholas R.; Metzl, Nicolas; Suntharalingam, Parvadha; Feely, Richard A.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Takahashi, Taro; Steinhoff, Tobias; Schuster, Ute (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-12)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 NETwork (SOCONET) and atmospheric Marine Boundary Layer (MBL) CO2 measurements from ships and buoys focus on the operational aspects of measurements of CO2 in both the ocean surface and atmospheric ...
    • Toward a Comprehensive and Integrated Strategy of the European Marine Research Infrastructures for Ocean Observations 

      Dañobeitia, Juan José; Pouliquen, Sylvie; Johannessen, Truls; Basset, Alberto; Cannat, Mathilde; Pfeil, Benjamin Gerrit; Fredella, Maria Incoronata; Materia, Paola; Gourcuff, Claire; Magnifico, Giuseppe; Delory, Eric; del Rio Fernandez, Joaquin; Rodero, Ivan; Beranzoli, Laura; Nardello, Ilaria; Iudicone, Daniele; Carval, Thierry; Gonzalez Aranda, Juan M.; Petihakis, George; Blandin, Jerome; Kutsch, Werner Leo; Rintala, Janne-Markus; Gates, Andrew R.; Favali, Paolo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Research Infrastructures (RIs) are large-scale facilities encompassing instruments, resources, data and services used by the scientific community to conduct high-level research in their respective fields. The development ...
    • The tropical Atlantic observing system 

      Foltź, Gregory R.; Brandt, Peter; Richter, Ingo; Rodriguez-fonseca, Belen; Hernandez, Fabrice; Dengler, Marcus; Rodrigues, Regina R.; Schmidt, Jörn O.; Yu, Lisan; Lefevre, Nathalie; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; McPhaden, Michael J.; Araujo Filho, Moacyr C.; Karstensen, Johannes; Hahn, Johannes; Martín-Rey, Marta; Patricola, Christina M.; Poli, Paul; Zuidema, Paquita; Hummels, Rebecca; Perez, Renellys C.; Hatje, Vanessa; Lübbecke, Joke; Polo, Irene; Lumpkin, Rick; Bourles, Bernard; Asuquo, Francis E.; Lehodey, Patrick; Conchon, Anna; Chang, Ping; Dandin, Philippe; Schmid, Claudia; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Giordani, Herve; Xue, Yan; Illig, Serena; Losada, Teresa; Grodsky, Semyon; Gasparin, Florent; Lee, Tong; Mohino, Elsa; Nobre, Paulo; Wanninkhof, Rik; Keenlyside, Noel; Garcon, Veronique; Sánchez-Gómez, Emilia; Nnamchi, Hyacinth C.; Drévillon, Marie; Storto, Andrea; Remy, Elisabeth; Lazar, Alban; Speich, Sabrina; Goes, Marlos P.; Dorrington, Tarquin; Johns, William E.; Moum, James N.; Robinson, Carol; Perruche, Coralie; Souza, Ronald B.; Gaye, Amadou; López-Parages, Jorge; Monerie, Paul-Arthur; Castellanos, Paola; Benson, Nsikak U.; Hounkonnou, Mahouton N.; Duhá, Janice T.; Laxenaire, Rémi; Reul, Nicolas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-10)
      The tropical Atlantic is home to multiple coupled climate variations covering a wide range of timescales and impacting societally relevant phenomena such as continental rainfall, Atlantic hurricane activity, oceanic ...
    • The UN decade of ocean science for sustainable development 

      Ryabinin, Vladimir; Barbière, Julian; Haugan, Peter M.; Kullenberg, Gunnar; Smith, Neville; McLean, Craig; Troisi, Ariel; Fischer, Albert S.; Aricò, Salvatore; Aarup, Thorkild; Pissierssens, Peter; Visbeck, Martin; Enevoldsen, Henrik; Rigaud, Julie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-31)
      Our civilization needs a clean, resilient, productive, safe, well-observed, documented and predicted ocean. “The ocean we need for the future we want” was the motto of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission proposal ...
    • Wind Intensity Is Key to Phytoplankton Spring Bloom Under Climate Change 

      Vikebø, Frode Bendiksen; Strand, Kjersti Opstad; Sundby, Svein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-30)
      The onset of the spring bloom (OSB) occurs when phytoplankton growth exceeds losses and is promoted by a transition from deep convection to a shallow mixing layer concurrent with increasing light intensities in nutrient-enriched ...