• Impact of Arctic sea ice variations on winter temperature anomalies in northern hemispheric land areas 

      Köenigk, Torben; Gao, Yongqi; Gastineau, Guillaume; Keenlyside, Noel; Nakamura, Tetsu; Ogawa, Fumiaki; Orsolini, Yvan; Semenov, Vladimir A.; Suo, Lingling; Tian, Tian; Wang, Tao; Wettstein, Justin; Yang, Shuting (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-30)
      Coordinated numerical ensemble experiments with six different state-of-the-art atmosphere models have been used in order to evaluate the respective impact of the observed Arctic sea ice and sea surface temperature (SST) ...
    • Mechanisms for decadal scale variability in a simulated Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation 

      Medhaug, Iselin; Langehaug, Helene Reinertsen; Eldevik, Tor; Furevik, Tore; Bentsen, Mats (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-06-25)
      Variability in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) has been analysed using a 600-year pre-industrial control simulation with the Bergen Climate Model. The typical AMOC variability has amplitudes of 1 ...
    • Role of wind stress in driving SST biases in the tropical Atlantic 

      Voldoire, Aurore; Exarchou, Eleftheria; Sánchez-Gómez, Emilia; Demissie, Teferi Dejene; Deppenmeier, Anna-Lena; Frauen, Claudia; Goubanova, Katarina; Hazeleger, Wilco; Keenlyside, Noel; Koseki, Shunya; Prodhomme, Chloé; Shonk, Jonathan; Toniazzo, Thomas; Traoré, Abdoul-Khadre (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019-03-13)
      Coupled climate models used for long-term future climate projections and seasonal or decadal predictions share a systematic and persistent warm sea surface temperature (SST) bias in the tropical Atlantic. This study attempts ...
    • Seasonal predictions initialised by assimilating sea surface temperature observations with the EnKF 

      Wang, Yiguo; Counillon, Francois; Keenlyside, Noel; Svendsen, Lea; Gleixner, Stephanie; Kimmritz, Madlen; Dai, Panxi; Gao, Yongqi (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-23)
      This study demonstrates that assimilating SST with an advanced data assimilation method yields prediction skill level with the best state-of-the-art systems. We employ the Norwegian Climate Prediction Model (NorCPM)—a ...
    • Uncertainty in twenty-first century projections of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CMIP3 and CMIP5 models 

      Reintges, Annika; Martin, Thomas; Latif, Mojib; Keenlyside, Noel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-05-26)
      Uncertainty in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is analyzed in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3) and Phase 5 (CMIP5) projections for the twenty-first century; ...
    • Variability along the Atlantic water pathway in the forced Norwegian Earth System Model 

      Langehaug, Helene R.; Sandø, Anne Britt; Årthun, Marius; Ilicak, Mehmet (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-27)
      The growing attention on mechanisms that can provide predictability on interannual-to-decadal time scales, makes it necessary to identify how well climate models represent such mechanisms. In this study we use a high (0.25° ...