• Large-scale features of Last Interglacial climate: results from evaluating the lig127k simulations for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6)–Paleoclimate Modeling Intercomparison Project (PMIP4) 

      Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Zhao, Anni; Brierley, Chris M.; Axford, Yarrow; Capron, Emilie; Govin, Aline; Hoffman, Jeremy S.; Isaacs, Elizabeth; Kageyama, Masa; Scussolini, Paolo; Tzedakis, Polychronis C.; Williams, Charles J.R.; Wolff, Eric W.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Braconnot, Pascale; Ramos Buarque, Silvana; Cao, Jian; de Vernal, Anne; Vittoria Guarino, Maria; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin J.; Menviel, Laurie; Morozova, Polina A.; Nisancioglu, Kerim H.; O'Ishi, Ryouta; Mélia, David Salas Y.; Shi, Xaoxu; Sicard, Marie; Sime, Louise C.; Stepanek, Christian; Tomas, Robert A.; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The modeling of paleoclimate, using physically based tools, is increasingly seen as a strong out-of-sample test of the models that are used for the projection of future climate changes. New to the Coupled Model Intercomparison ...
    • Lessons from a high-CO2 world: an ocean view from  ∼ 3 million years ago 

      McClymont, Erin L.; Ford, Heather; Ho, Sze Ling; Tindall, Julia C.; Haywood, Alan M.; Alonso-Garcia, Montserrat; Bailey, Ian; Berke, Melissa A.; Littler, Kate; Patterson, Molly O.; Petrick, Benjamin; Peterse, Francien; Ravelo, Ana Christina; Risebrobakken, Bjørg; De Schepper, Stijn; Swann, George E. A.; Kaustubh, Thirumalai; Tierney, Jessica E; Van der Weijst, Carolien; white, sarah; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Ran, Feng; Guo, Chenchen Guo; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Stephen, Hunter; Xiangyi, Li; Lohmann, Gerrit; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, Richard W.; Stepanek, Christian; Zhang, Zhongshi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      A range of future climate scenarios are projected for high atmospheric CO2 concentrations, given uncertainties over future human actions as well as potential environmental and climatic feedbacks. The geological record ...
    • Mid-Pliocene Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation simulated in PlioMIP2 

      Zhang, Zhongshi; Li, Xiangyu; Guo, Chuncheng; Otterå, Odd Helge; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Feng, Ran; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C.; Chandan, Deepak; Richard Peltier, Peltier; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Weiffenbach, Julia E.; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Chandler, Mark A.; Sohl, Linda E.; Haywood, Alan M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Tindall, Julia C.; Williams, Charles; Lunt, Daniel J.; Chan, Wing-Le; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      In the Pliocene Model Intercomparison Project Phase 2 (PlioMIP2), coupled climate models have been used to simulate an interglacial climate during the mid-Piacenzian warm period (mPWP; 3.264 to 3.025 Ma). Here, we compare ...
    • Mid-Pliocene West African Monsoon rainfall as simulated in the PlioMIP2 ensemble 

      Berntell, Ellen; Zhang, Qiong; Li, Qiang; Haywood, Alan M.; Tindall, Julia C.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Zhang, Zhongshi; Xiangyu, Li; Guo, Chuncheng; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Stepanek, Christian; Lohmann, Gerrit; Sohl, Linda E.; Chandler, Mark A.; Tan, Ning; Contoux, Camille; Ramstein, Gilles; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; von der Heydt, Anna S.; Chandan, Deepak; Peltier, W. Richard; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Chan, Wing-Le; Kamae, Youichi; Williams, Charles J. R.; Lunt, Daniel J.; Feng, Ran; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Brady, Esther C. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period (mPWP; ∼3.2 million years ago) is seen as the most recent time period characterized by a warm climate state, with similar to modern geography and ∼400 ppmv atmospheric CO2 concentration, and ...
    • A multi-model CMIP6-PMIP4 study of Arctic sea ice at 127 ka: sea ice data compilation and model differences 

      Kageyama, Masa; Sime, Louise C.; Sicard, Marie; Guarino, Maria-Vittoria; De Vernal, A; Stein, Ruediger; Schroeder, david; Malmierca-Vallet, Irene; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Bitz, Cecilia M.; Braconnot, Pascale; Brady, Esther C.; Cao, Jian; Chamberlain, Matthew; Feltham, Danny; Guo, Chuncheng; Legrande, Allegra N.; Lohmann, Gerrit; Meissner, Katrin; Menviel, Laurie; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; O'ishi, Ryouta; Ramos Buarque, Silvan; Salas y Mélia, David; Sherriff-Tadano, Sam; Stroeve, Julienne C.; Shi, Xiaoxu; Sun, Bo; Thomas, Robert; Volodin, Evgeny; Yeung, Nicholas K.H.; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Zheng, Weipeng; Ziehn, Tilo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The Last Interglacial period (LIG) is a period with increased summer insolation at high northern latitudes, which results in strong changes in the terrestrial and marine cryosphere. Understanding the mechanisms for this ...
    • The PMIP4 contribution to CMIP6 – Part 4: Scientific objectives and experimental design of the PMIP4-CMIP6 Last Glacial Maximum experiments and PMIP4 sensitivity experiments 

      Kageyama, Masa; Albani, Samuel; Braconnot, Pascale; Harrison, Sandy P.; Hopcroft, Peter O.; Ivanovic, Ruza F.; Lambert, F; Marti, Olivier; Peltier, W. Richard; Peterschmidt, Jean-Yves; Roche, Didier M.; Tarasov, Lev; Zhang, Xu; Brady, Esther C.; Haywood, Alan M.; LeGrande, A.; Lunt, Daniel J; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Mikolajewicz, Uwe; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Renssen, Hans; Thomas, Robert A.; Zhang, Qiong; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Bartlein, Patrick J; Cao, Jian; Li, Qiang; Lohmann, Gerrit; Ohgaito, Rumi; Shi, Xiaoxu; Volodin, Evgeny; Yoshida, Kohei; Zhang, Xiao; Zheng, Weipeng (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      The Last Glacial Maximum (LGM, 21 000 years ago) is one of the suite of paleoclimate simulations included in the current phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). It is an interval when insolation was ...
    • Reduced El Niño variability in the mid-Pliocene according to the PlioMIP2 ensemble 

      Oldeman, Arthur M.; Baatsen, Michiel L. J.; Von Der Heydt, Anna S.; Dijkstra, Henk A.; Tindall, Julia C.; Abe-Ouchi, Ayako; Booth, Alice R.; Brady, Esther C.; Chan, Wing-Le; Chandan, Deepak; Chandler, Mark A.; Contoux, Camille; Feng, Ran; Guo, Chuncheng; Haywood, Alan M.; Hunter, Stephen J.; Kamae, Youichi; Li, Qiang; Li, Xiangyu; Lohmann, Gerrit; Lunt, Daniel J.; Nisancioglu, Kerim Hestnes; Otto-Bliesner, Bette L.; Peltier, W. Richard; Pontes, Gabriel M.; Ramstein, Gilles; Sohl, Linda E.; Stepanek, Christian; Tan, Ning; Zhang, Qiong; Zhang, Zhongshi; Wainer, Ilana; Williams, Charles J. R. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The mid-Pliocene warm period (3.264–3.025 Ma) is the most recent geological period during which atmospheric CO2 levels were similar to recent historical values (∼400 ppm). Several proxy reconstructions for the mid-Pliocene ...