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dc.contributor.authorSchnecker, Jörgeng
dc.contributor.authorWild, Birgiteng
dc.contributor.authorHofhansl, Florianeng
dc.contributor.authorAlves, Ricardo J. Eloyeng
dc.contributor.authorBárta, Jiříeng
dc.contributor.authorČapek, Petreng
dc.contributor.authorFuchslueger, Luciaeng
dc.contributor.authorGentsch, Normaneng
dc.contributor.authorGittel, Antjeeng
dc.contributor.authorGuggenberger, Georgeng
dc.contributor.authorHofer, Angelikaeng
dc.contributor.authorKienzl, Sandraeng
dc.contributor.authorKnoltsch, Annaeng
dc.contributor.authorLashchinskiy, Nikolayeng
dc.contributor.authorMikutta, Roberteng
dc.contributor.authorŠantrůčková, Hanaeng
dc.contributor.authorShibistova, Olgaeng
dc.contributor.authorTakriti, Mounireng
dc.contributor.authorUrich, Timeng
dc.contributor.authorWeltin, Georgeng
dc.contributor.authorRichter, Andreaseng
dc.description.abstractEnzyme-mediated decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM) is controlled, amongst other factors, by organic matter properties and by the microbial decomposer community present. Since microbial community composition and SOM properties are often interrelated and both change with soil depth, the drivers of enzymatic decomposition are hard to dissect. We investigated soils from three regions in the Siberian Arctic, where carbon rich topsoil material has been incorporated into the subsoil (cryoturbation). We took advantage of this subduction to test if SOM properties shape microbial community composition, and to identify controls of both on enzyme activities. We found that microbial community composition (estimated by phospholipid fatty acid analysis), was similar in cryoturbated material and in surrounding subsoil, although carbon and nitrogen contents were similar in cryoturbated material and topsoils. This suggests that the microbial community in cryoturbated material was not well adapted to SOM properties. We also measured three potential enzyme activities (cellobiohydrolase, leucine-amino-peptidase and phenoloxidase) and used structural equation models (SEMs) to identify direct and indirect drivers of the three enzyme activities. The models included microbial community composition, carbon and nitrogen contents, clay content, water content, and pH. Models for regular horizons, excluding cryoturbated material, showed that all enzyme activities were mainly controlled by carbon or nitrogen. Microbial community composition had no effect. In contrast, models for cryoturbated material showed that enzyme activities were also related to microbial community composition. The additional control of microbial community composition could have restrained enzyme activities and furthermore decomposition in general. The functional decoupling of SOM properties and microbial community composition might thus be one of the reasons for low decomposition rates and the persistence of 400 Gt carbon stored in cryoturbated material.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.titleEffects of soil organic matter properties and microbial community composition on enzyme activities in cryoturbated arctic soilsen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2014 Schnecker et alen_US
dc.source.journalPLoS ONE
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 179560
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Mathematics and natural scienses: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Plant geography: 496en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Mathematics and natural scienses: 400::Zoology and botany: 480::Ecology: 488en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Plantegeografi: 496nob
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Matematikk og naturvitenskap: 400::Zoologiske og botaniske fag: 480::Økologi: 488nob

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