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Anthropogenic increase of oceanic pCO2 in the Barents Sea surface water

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dc.contributor.author Omar, Abdirahman M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Johannessen, Truls en_US
dc.contributor.author Kaltin, Staffan en_US
dc.contributor.author Olsen, Are en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2004-07-30T08:58:31Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2004-08-03T12:57:55Z en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2004-08-26T11:59:15Z
dc.date.available 2004-07-30T08:58:31Z en_US
dc.date.available 2004-08-03T12:57:55Z en_US
dc.date.available 2004-08-26T11:59:15Z
dc.date.issued 2003-12-26 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Journal of Geophysical Research 2003, 108(12): 3388
dc.identifier.issn 0148-0227 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/421
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JC001628
dc.description.abstract We evaluate the change of surface water CO2 partial pressure ( pCO2 sw) in the Barents Sea (BS) between 1967 and 2000–2001. We use temperature (T) data collected during a survey in the BS in 1967 and a relationship between surface water CO2 mole fraction and T identified by Kelley [1970] to estimate the 1967 pCO2 sw. On the basis of data of total inorganic carbon, alkalinity, T, and salinity (S) collected during two recent surveys in the BS, we compute pCO2 sw of 2000–2001. In order to be able to account for natural variations of pCO2 sw we develop an empirical predictive equation for pCO2 sw through multivariable linear regression with the 2000–2001 data of T, S, and apparent oxygen utilization (AOU). This relationship is applied to the 1967 T, S, and AOU data, and the output is compared to the 1967 estimates of pCO2 sw. The difference is ascribed to net uptake of excess CO2. The computations show a pCO2 sw increase of 42 ± 31 matm between 1967 and 2000–2001, which is due to uptake of excess CO2. The pCO2 increase was uniformly distributed in the BS, suggesting that the uptake of the excess carbon from the atmosphere took place outside the BS rather than across the sea-air interface within the BS. Moreover, the computed increase was comparable to the increase in atmospheric pCO2 (~47 matm), and thus the pCO2 gradient across the sea-air interface has remained nearly unchanged relative to 1967. en_US
dc.format.extent 1951601 bytes en_US
dc.format.extent 166 bytes en_US
dc.format.extent 1951601 bytes en_US
dc.format.extent 35894 bytes
dc.format.extent 1951601 bytes
dc.format.extent 166 bytes
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.format.mimetype text/plain en_US
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf en_US
dc.format.mimetype text/plain
dc.format.mimetype application/pdf
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dc.language.iso eng en_US
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union.
dc.title Anthropogenic increase of oceanic pCO2 in the Barents Sea surface water en_US
dc.type Peer reviewed en
dc.type Journal article en


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