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Water mass transformation and the North Atlantic Current in three multi-century climate model simulations

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dc.contributor.author Langehaug, Helene Reinertsen eng
dc.contributor.author Rhines, Peter B. eng
dc.contributor.author Eldevik, Tor eng
dc.contributor.author Mignot, Juliette eng
dc.contributor.author Lohmann, Katja eng
dc.date.accessioned 2011-12-13T10:20:33Z
dc.date.available 2011-12-13T10:20:33Z
dc.date.issued 2012-11 eng
dc.identifier.issn 0148-0227 eng
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1956/5278
dc.description.abstract The warm and saline Subtropical Water carried by the North Atlantic Current undergoes substantial transformation on its way to higher latitudes as heat is released from ocean to atmosphere. The geographical distribution of the surface-forced water mass transformation is assessed in multi-century climate simulations in three different climate models, with a particular focus on the eastern subpolar North Atlantic Ocean. The models of the study are BCM, IPSLCM4, and MPI-M ESM. The diagnosis, originally introduced byWalin (1982), estimates the transformation in water mass outcrop areas from heat and freshwater fluxes. The integrated heat flux in the eastern subpolar region has a larger contribution than the freshwater flux to the water mass transformation in all three models. While the pattern of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Ciculation (AMOC) is similar in all models, the fluxes are very different. The different pathways of the North Atlantic Current, and upper ocean low salinity water, as well as sea ice cover have strong influence on the water mass transformation. The water mass transformation in the eastern subpolar region shows pronounced variability on decadal time scale in all models, and is found to reflect the variability in the overturning circulation in two of the models with a time lag of 7-8 years. en
dc.language.iso eng eng
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union eng
dc.relation.ispartof <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/1956/5282" target="blank">Circulation and transformation of Atlantic and Arctic water masses in climate models</a> en
dc.subject Subpolar Mode Water eng
dc.subject North Atlantic Current eng
dc.title Water mass transformation and the North Atlantic Current in three multi-century climate model simulations eng
dc.type Journal article eng
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Geosciences: 450::Oceanography: 452 eng
dc.rights.holder Copyright American Geophysical Union. All rights reserved
dc.type.version submittedVersion eng
bora.journalTitle Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans eng
bibo.volume 117 eng
bora.cristinID 997279 eng
bibo.number C11 eng
bibo.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008021 eng
dc.identifier.cristinID 997279 eng
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JC008021


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