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Water mass transformation and the North Atlantic Current in three multi-century climate model simulations

Bergen Open Research Archive

Show simple item record Langehaug, Helene Reinertsen Rhines, Peter B. Eldevik, Tor Mignot, Juliette Lohmann, Katja 2011-12-13T10:20:33Z 2011-12-13T10:20:33Z 2012-11
dc.identifier.issn 0148-0227
dc.description.abstract The warm and saline Subtropical Water carried by the North Atlantic Current undergoes substantial transformation on its way to higher latitudes as heat is released from ocean to atmosphere. The geographical distribution of the surface-forced water mass transformation is assessed in multi-century climate simulations in three different climate models, with a particular focus on the eastern subpolar North Atlantic Ocean. The models of the study are BCM, IPSLCM4, and MPI-M ESM. The diagnosis, originally introduced byWalin (1982), estimates the transformation in water mass outcrop areas from heat and freshwater fluxes. The integrated heat flux in the eastern subpolar region has a larger contribution than the freshwater flux to the water mass transformation in all three models. While the pattern of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Ciculation (AMOC) is similar in all models, the fluxes are very different. The different pathways of the North Atlantic Current, and upper ocean low salinity water, as well as sea ice cover have strong influence on the water mass transformation. The water mass transformation in the eastern subpolar region shows pronounced variability on decadal time scale in all models, and is found to reflect the variability in the overturning circulation in two of the models with a time lag of 7-8 years. en
dc.language.iso eng en
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en
dc.relation.ispartof <a href="" target="blank">Circulation and transformation of Atlantic and Arctic water masses in climate models</a> en
dc.rights Copyright American Geophysical Union. All rights reserved en
dc.subject Subpolar Mode Water en
dc.subject North Atlantic Current en
dc.title Water mass transformation and the North Atlantic Current in three multi-century climate model simulations en
dc.type Journal article en
dc.subject.nsi VDP::Mathematics and natural science: 400::Geosciences: 450::Oceanography: 452 en
dc.type.version submittedVersion en
bora.journalTitle Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
bibo.volume 117
bora.cristinID 997279
bibo.number C11

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