• Abuse and revictimization in adulthood in multiple sclerosis: a cross-sectional study during pregnancy 

      Eid, Karine; Torkildsen, Øivind; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Cortese, Marianna; Holmøy, Trygve; Kapali, Akash; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Torkildsen, Cecilie Fredvik; Wergeland, Stig; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background: Knowledge concerning exposure to abuse in adulthood and in pregnancy in people with multiple sclerosis (MS) is sparse. Objective: To determine the occurrence of adult abuse and abuse in relation to pregnancy ...
    • AChR antibodies show a complex interaction with human skeletal muscle cells in a transcriptomic study 

      Hong, Yu; Liang, Kristina Xiao; Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-07-08)
      Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies are the most important pathogenic marker in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). The antibodies bind to AChRs on the postsynaptic membrane, and this leads to receptor degradation, ...
    • Advances and challenges in the treatment of myasthenia gravis 

      Schneider-Gold, Christiane; Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic autoimmune disease with fluctuating muscle weakness and fatigability. Standard immunomodulatory treatment may fail to achieve sufficient improvement with minimal symptom expression or ...
    • Are MRI high-signal changes of alar and transverse ligaments in acute whiplash injury related to outcome? 

      Vetti, Nils; Kråkenes, Jostein; Eide, Geir Egil; Rørvik, Jarle; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Espeland, Ansgar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-11-11)
      Background: Upper neck ligament high-signal changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been found in patients with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) but also in non-injured controls. The clinical relevance of such ...
    • Association of adverse childhood experiences with the development of multiple sclerosis 

      Eid, Karine; Torkildsen, Øivind; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Aalstad, Mari; Bhan, Alok; Celius, Elisabeth Gulowsen; Cortese, Marianna; Daltveit, Anne Kjersti Nesje; Holmøy, Trygve; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Riise, Trond; Schuler, Stephan; Torkildsen, Cecilie Fredvik; Wergeland, Stig; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Objective To study whether exposure to childhood emotional, sexual or physical abuse is associated with subsequent multiple sclerosis (MS) development. Methods A nationwide, prospective cohort study based on participants ...
    • Association of Prenatal Exposure to Antiseizure Medication With Risk of Autism and Intellectual Disability 

      Bjørk, Marte-Helene; Zoega, Helga; Leinonen, Maarit K.; Cohen, Jacqueline Mallory; Dreier, Julie Werenberg; Furu, Kari; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Gissler, Mika; Halfdanarson, Oskar; Igland, Jannicke; Sun, Yuelian; Tomson, Torbjörn; Alvestad, Silje; Christensen, Jakob (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Importance: Women with epilepsy frequently need antiseizure medication (ASM) to prevent seizures in pregnancy. Risk of neurodevelopmental disorders after prenatal exposure to AMSs is uncertain. Objective: To determine ...
    • Cancer risk in children of mothers with epilepsy and high-dose folic acid use during pregnancy 

      Vegrim, Håkon Magne; Dreier, Julie Werenberg; Alvestad, Silje; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Gissler, Mika; Igland, Jannicke; Leinonen, Maarit; Tomson, Torbjörn; Sun, Yuelian; Zoega, Helga; Christensen, Jakob; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Importance Women with epilepsy are recommended high doses of folic acid before and during pregnancy owing to risk of congenital anomalies associated with antiseizure medications. Whether prenatal exposure to high-dose ...
    • Complicating autoimmune diseases in myasthenia gravis: A review 

      Nacu, Aliona; Andersen, Jintana Bunpan; Lisnic, Vitalie; Owe, Jone Furulund; Gilhus, Nils Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-04-27)
      Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare autoimmune disease of skeletal muscle endplates. MG subgroup is relevant for comorbidity, but usually not accounted for. MG patients have an increased risk for complicating autoimmune ...
    • Diagnosis and therapy of myasthenia gravis—the patients’ perspective: a cross-sectional study 

      Sobierajski, Tomasz; Lasek-Bal, Anetta; Krzystanek, Marek; Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      The survey aimed to explore patients’ perspectives with myasthenia gravis (MG) toward the diagnosis made and the therapy used to treat MG. The survey was conducted with a quantitative method, using the CAWI technique. A ...
    • Does maternal genetic liability to folate deficiency influence the risk of antiseizure medication-associated language impairment and autistic traits in children of women with epilepsy? 

      Husebye, Elisabeth Synnøve Nilsen; Romanowska, Julia; Monsen, Anne-Lise Bjørke; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Selmer, Kaja Kristine; Gervin, Kristina; Riedel, Bettina Maria Ingeborg; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Background: Prenatal exposure to antiseizure medication (ASM) may lead to low plasma folate concentrations and is associated with impaired neurodevelopment. Objectives: To examine whether maternal genetic liability to ...
    • Folic Acid and Risk of Preterm Birth, Preeclampsia, and Fetal Growth Restriction Among Women With Epilepsy A Prospective Cohort Study 

      Alvestad, Silje; Husebye, Elisabeth Synnøve Nilsen; Christensen, Jakob; Dreier, Julie Werenberg; Sun, Yuelian; Igland, Jannicke; Leinonen, Maarit; Gissler, Mika; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Tomson, Torbjörn; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background and Objectives Women with epilepsy treated with antiseizure medication (ASM) have increased risk of pregnancy complications including preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, and preeclampsia. We aimed to ...
    • Interictal epileptiform discharges vary across age groups 

      Aanestad, Eivind; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Brøgger, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-01)
      Objective To investigate whether the occurrence and morphology of interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in scalp-EEG change by age. Methods 10,547 patients who had a standard or sleep deprived EEG recording reported ...
    • Language impairment in children aged 5 and 8 years after antiepileptic drug exposure in utero – the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study 

      Husebye, Elisabeth Synnøve Nilsen; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Spigset, Olav; Daltveit, Anne Kjersti; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background and purpose: The purpose was to examine the consequences of antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure during pregnancy on language abilities in children aged 5 and 8 years of mothers with epilepsy. Methods: The study ...
    • Late Onset Myasthenia Gravis Is Associated with HLA DRB1*15:01 in the Norwegian Population 

      Maniaol, Angelina H.; Elsais, Ahmed; Lorentzen, Åslaug R.; Owe, Jone F.; Viken, Marte K.; Gilhus, Nils Erik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-05-09)
      Background: Acquired myasthenia gravis (MG) is a rare antibody-mediated autoimmune disease caused by impaired neuromuscular transmission, leading to abnormal muscle fatigability. The aetiology is complex, including genetic ...
    • Maternal complications in pregnancy and childbirth for women with epilepsy: time trends in a nationwide cohort 

      Danielsson, Kim Christian; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Borthen, Ingrid; Lie, Rolv T.; Morken, Nils-Halvdan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Objective: Obstetric trends show changes in complication rates and maternal characteristics such as caesarean section, induced labour, and maternal age. To what degree such general time trends and changing patterns of ...
    • Myasthenia gravis can have consequences for pregnancy and the developing child 

      Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Myasthenia gravis (MG) with onset below 50 years, thymic hyperplasia and acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies is more common in females than in males. For a relatively large group of MG patients, pregnancy represents ...
    • Myasthenia gravis, respiratory function, and respiratory tract disease 

      Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Myasthenia gravis (MG) is characterized by muscle weakness caused by autoantibodies that bind to the postsynaptic membrane at the neuromuscular junction and impair acetylcholine receptor function. Weakness of respiratory ...
    • Occurrence and severity of myasthenic crisis in an unselected Turkish cohort of patients with myasthenia gravis 

      Ozyurt Kose, Selen; Nazli, Ezgi; Tutkavul, Kemal; Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023)
      Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a disorder of the neuromuscular junction that can deteriorate into myasthenic crisis, involving weakness of bulbar and respiratory muscles. In this study, we describe the clinical manifestations ...
    • Perinatal Depression and Anxiety in Women with Multiple Sclerosis: A Population-Based Cohort Study 

      Eid, Karine; Torkildsen, Øivind Fredvik Grytten; Aarseth, Jan Harald; Flemmen, Heidi Øyen; Holmøy, Trygve; Lorentzen, Åslaug Rudjord; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Riise, Trond; Simonsen, Cecilia Smith; Torkildsen, Cecilie Fredvik; Wergeland, Stig; Willumsen, Johannes Sverre; Øksendal, Nina; Gilhus, Nils Erik; Bjørk, Marte-Helene (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective: To assess the occurrence of perinatal depression and anxiety in women before and after diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Methods: 114,629 pregnant women were included in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child ...
    • Physical training and exercise in myasthenia gravis 

      Gilhus, Nils Erik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Myasthenia gravis is characterized by muscle weakness and fatigue. As sustained muscle use increases the weakness, the value of physical training programs has previously been questioned. This is a review to clarify the ...