AChR antibodies show a complex interaction with human skeletal muscle cells in a transcriptomic study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonScientific Reports. 2020, 10 (11230) 10.1038/s41598-020-68185-x
Acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibodies are the most important pathogenic marker in patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). The antibodies bind to AChRs on the postsynaptic membrane, and this leads to receptor degradation, destruction, or functional blocking with impaired signal at the neuromuscular junction. In this study, we have explored the effects of AChR antibodies binding to mature human myotubes with agrin-induced AChR clusters and pathways relevant for AChR degradation using bulk RNA sequencing. Protein-coding RNAs and lncRNAs were examined by RNA sequencing analysis. AChR antibodies induced marked changes of the transcriptomic profiles, with over 400 genes differentially expressed. Cholesterol metabolic processes and extracellular matrix organization gene sets were influenced and represent AChR-trafficking related pathways. Muscle contraction and cellular homeostasis gene sets were also affected, and independently of AChR trafficking. Furthermore, we found changes in a protein-coding RNA and lncRNA network, where expression of lncRNA MEG3 correlated closely with protein-coding genes for cellular homeostasis. We conclude that AChR antibodies induce an active response in human skeletal muscle cells which affects key intra- and extracellular pathways.