• 230Th Normalization: New Insights on an Essential Tool for Quantifying Sedimentary Fluxes in the Modern and Quaternary Ocean 

      Costa, Kassandra M.; Hayes, Christopher T.; Anderson, Robert F.; Pavia, Frank J.; Bausch, Alexandra; Deng, Feifei; Dutay, Jean-Claude; Geibert, Walter; Heinze, Christoph; Henderson, Gideon M.; Hillaire-Marcel, Claude; Hoffmann, Sharon; Jaccard, Samuel L.; Jacobel, Allison W.; Kienast, Stephanie S.; Kipp, Lauren; Lerner, Paul; Lippold, Jörg; Lund, David; Marcantonio, Franco; McGee, David; McManus, Jerry F.; Mekik, Figen; Middleton, Jennifer L.; Missiaen, Lise; Not, Christelle; Pichat, Sylvain; Robinson, Laura F.; Rowland, George H.; Roy‐Barman, Matthieu; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Torfstein, Adi; Winckler, Gisela; Zhou, Yuxin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-01)
      230Th normalization is a valuable paleoceanographic tool for reconstructing high‐resolution sediment fluxes during the late Pleistocene (last ~500,000 years). As its application has expanded to ever more diverse marine ...
    • 4D seismic history matching: Assessing the use of a dictionary learning based sparse representation method 

      Soares, Ricardo; Luo, Xiaodong; Evensen, Geir; Bhakta, Tuhin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-12)
      It is possible to improve oil-reservoir simulation models by conditioning them on 4D seismic data. Computational issues may arise related to both storage and CPU time due to the size of the 4D seismic dataset. An approach ...
    • Abnormal Uroguanylin Immunoreactive Cells Density in the Duodenum of Patients with Diarrhea-Predominant Irritable Bowel Syndrome Changes following Fecal Microbiota Transplantation 

      Mazzawi, Tarek; Eikrem, Øystein Solberg; Lied, Gülen Arslan; Hausken, Trygve (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Altered densities of enteroendocrine cells play an important role in patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Uroguanylin activates guanylate cyclase-C to regulate intestinal electrolyte and water transport. Aim. To ...
    • Acute effects of gas supersaturation on Atlantic salmon smolt in two Norwegian rivers 

      Stenberg, Sondre Kvalsvik; Velle, Gaute; Pulg, Ulrich; Skoglund, Helge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Total dissolved gas (TDG) supersaturation downstream of hydropower plants may cause gas bubble disease (GBD) and harmful effects in fish. Little is known about tolerance levels of TDG supersaturation on Atlantic salmon ...
    • Acute effects of whey protein on energy intake, appetite and gastric emptying in younger and older, obese men 

      Oberoi, Avneet; Giezenaar, Caroline; Jensen, Caroline; Lange, Kylie; Hausken, Trygve; Jones, Karen L.; Horowitz, Michael; Chapman, Ian; Soenen, Stijn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Obesity is becoming more prevalent in older people. A management strategy in obese, young adults is to increase dietary protein relative to other macronutrients. It is not clear if this is effective in obese, ...
    • Adamastor – an ocean that never existed? 

      Konopasek, Jiri; Cavalcante, Carolina; Fossen, Haakon; Janoušek, Vojtěch (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Existing models of tectonic evolution of the Neoproterozoic orogenic system rimming the shores of the South Atlantic Ocean (the Araçuaí–Ribeira–Congo and Dom Feliciano–Kaoko–Gariep belts) interpret the belts as subduction-related ...
    • Adaptive Systems for Internet-Delivered Psychological Treatments 

      Mukhiya, Suresh Kumar; Wake, Jo Dugstad; Inal, Yavuz; Lamo, Yngve (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Internet-Delivered Psychological Treatments (IDPT) are based on evidence-based psychological treatment models adjusted for interaction through the Internet. The use of Internet technologies has the potential to increase ...
    • Adipose-derived and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells: a donor-matched comparison 

      Mohamed-Ahmed, Samih; Fristad, Inge; Lie, Stein Atle; Suliman, Salwa; Mustafa, Kamal Babikeir Eln; Vindenes, Hallvard; Idris, Shaza Bushra M. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018-06)
      Background Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) have been introduced as an alternative to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) for cell-based therapy. However, different studies comparing ASCs and BMSCs have shown ...
    • Adopsjon eller offentlig omsorg? En studie av befolkningens syn på adopsjon som tiltak i barnevernet 

      Helland, Hege Beate Stein; Pedersen, Siri Hansen; Skivenes, Marit (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Barnevernet kan gjennomføre adopsjoner av fosterbarn uten biologiske foreldres samtykke. Dette representerer en betydelig utøvelse av statlig makt, og norsk rett krever særlig tungtveiende grunner for å tillate adopsjon. ...
    • Agreement Between Mothers and Fieldworkers While Assessing Child Development Using Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition in Nepal 

      Shrestha, Merina; Schwinger, Catherine; Hysing, Mari; Chandyo, Ram K; Ulak, Manjeswori; Ranjitkar, Suman; Kvestad, Ingrid; Sharma, Shakun; Shrestha, Laxman; Strand, Tor A (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The Ages and Stages Questionnaires, Third Edition (ASQ-3) is becoming a widely used developmental assessment tool. The ASQ-3 can be completed by the caregivers (referred to as “mail out”), or by trained personnel ...
    • Alcohol‐attributed disease burden in four Nordic countries between 2000 and 2017: Are the gender gap s narrowing? A comparison using the Global Burden of Disease, Injury and Risk Factor 2017 study 

      Agardh, Emilie, E.; Allebeck, Peter; Flodin, Pär; Wenneberg, Peter; Ramstedt, Mats; Knudsen, Ann Kristin; Øverland, Simon Nygaard; Kinge, Jonas Minet; Tollånes, Mette C.; Eikemo, Terje Andreas; Skogen, Jens Christoffer; Mäkelä, Pia; Gissler, Mika; Juel, Knud; Iburg, Kim Moesgaard; McGrath, John J.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Vollset, Stein Emil; Gakidou, Emmanuela; Danielsson, Anna-Karin (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Introduction and Aims The gender difference in alcohol use seems to have narrowed in the Nordic countries, but it is not clear to what extent this may have affected differences in levels of harm. We compared gender ...
    • Alerting and Circadian Effects of Short-Wavelength vs. Long-Wavelength Narrow-Bandwidth Light during a Simulated Night Shift 

      Sunde, Erlend; Pedersen, Torhild; Mrdalj, Jelena; Thun, Eirunn; Grønli, Janne; Harris, Anette; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Waage, Siri; Skene, Debra J.; Pallesen, Ståle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Light can be used to facilitate alertness, task performance and circadian adaptation during night work. Novel strategies for illumination of workplaces, using ceiling mounted LED-luminaires, allow the use of a range of ...
    • Alien species in Norway: Results from quantitative ecological impact assessments 

      Sandvik, Hanno; Hilmo, Olga; Henriksen, Snorre; Elven, Reidar; Åsen, Per Arvid; Hegre, Hanne; Pedersen, Oddvar; Pedersen, Per Anker; Solstad, Heidi; Vandvik, Vigdis; Westergaard, Kristine Bakke; Ødegaard, Frode; Åström, Sandra Charlotte Helene; Elven, Hallvard; Endrestøl, Anders; Gammelmo, Øivind; Hatteland, Bjørn Arild; Solheim, Halvor; Nordén, Björn; Sundheim, Leif; Talgø, Venche; Falkenhaug, Tone; Gulliksen, Bjørn; Jelmert, Anders; Oug, Eivind; Sundet, Jan Henry; Forsgren, Elisabet; Finstad, Anders Gravbrøt; Hesthagen, Trygve H.; Nedreaas, Kjell Harald; Wienerroither, Rupert; Husa, Vivian; Fredriksen, Stein; Sjøtun, Kjersti; Steen, Henning; Hansen, Haakon; Hamnes, Inger Sofie; Karlsbakk, Egil; Magnusson, Christer; Ytrehus, Bjørnar; Pedersen, Hans Christian; Swenson, Jon; Syvertsen, Per Ole; Stokke, Bård Gunnar; Gjershaug, Jan Ove; Dolmen, Dag; Kjærstad, Gaute; Johnsen, Stein Ivar; Jensen, Thomas Correll; Hassel, Kristian; Gederaas, Lisbeth (Journal article, 2020)
      1. Due to globalisation, trade and transport, the spread of alien species is increasing dramatically. Some alien species become ecologically harmful by threatening native biota. This can lead to irreversible changes in ...
    • Anaphylaxis following prick-by-prick testing with peanut 

      Alnæs, Marie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Anaphylaxis due to prick‐by‐prick testing is a rare but potentially life‐threatening complication. Personnel performing testing should be able to recognize and treat anaphylaxis. Adrenaline must be available. In high‐risk ...
    • Anterior cruciate ligament—return to sport after injury scale: validation of the Norwegian language version 

      Faleide, Anne Gro Heyn; Inderhaug, Eivind; Vervaat, Willemijn; Breivik, Kyrre; Bogen, Bård Erik; Mo, Ingunn Fleten; Trøan, Ingrid; Strand, Torbjørn; Magnussen, Liv Heide (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Purpose Evidence is emerging on the importance of psychological readiness to return to sport after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. The ACL-Return to Sport after Injury scale (ACL-RSI) is developed to ...
    • Antibiotic sensitivity screening of Klebsiella spp. and Raoultella spp. isolated from marine bivalve molluscs reveal presence of CTX-M-producing K. pneumoniae 

      Håkonsholm, Fredrik; Hetland, Marit A.K.; Svanevik, Cecilie Smith; Sundsfjord, Arnfinn; Lunestad, Bjørn Tore; Marathe, Nachiket (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-11)
      Klebsiella spp. are a major cause of both nosocomial and community acquired infections, with K. pneumoniae being responsible for most human infections. Although Klebsiella spp. are present in a variety of environments, ...
    • Antiretroviral treatment and its impact on oral health outcomes in 5 to 7 year old Ugandan children A 6 year follow-up visit from the ANRS 12174 randomized trial 

      Birungi, Nancy; Fadnes, Lars T.; Engebretsen, Ingunn M.S.; Tumwine, James K.; Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-09-25)
      Background: Antiretroviral therapy for HIV in sub-Saharan Africa has transformed the highly infectious virus to a stable chronic condition, with the advent of Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The longterm ...
    • Approaching the Arctic: the occurrence of Parin’s spinyfin Diretmichthys parini (Beryciformes: Diretmidae) in the Nordic Seas 

      Lynghammar, Arve; Byrkjedal, Ingvar; Bugjerde, Berit Margrete; Wienerroither, Rupert (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Two adult specimens of the tropical to subtropical fish species Diretmichthys parini are reported from the North Sea and the northern Norwegian Sea, respectively. Both were accidentally caught as bycatch by commercial ...
    • Approximation algorithms in combinatorial scientific computing 

      Pothen, Alex; Ferdous, SM; Manne, Fredrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We survey recent work on approximation algorithms for computing degreeconstrained subgraphs in graphs and their applications in combinatorial scientific computing. The problems we consider include maximization versions of ...
    • The Arabidopsis (ASHH2) CW domain binds monomethylated K4 of the histone H3 tail through conformational selection 

      Dobrovolska, Olena; Brilkov, Maxim; Madeleine, Noëlly; Ødegaard-Fougner, Øyvind; Strømland, Øyvind; Martin, Stephen R.; De Marco, Valeria; Christodoulou, Evangelos; Teigen, Knut; Isaksson, Johan; Underhaug, Jarl; Reuter, Nathalie; Aalen, Reidunn B.; Aasland, Rein; Halskau, Øyvind (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Chromatin post‐translational modifications are thought to be important for epigenetic effects on gene expression. Methylation of histone N‐terminal tail lysine residues constitutes one of many such modifications, executed ...