Azimuthal anisotropy of D-meson production in Pb-Pb collisions at √sNN =2.76 TeV
Abelev, Betty; Adam, Jaroslav; Adamová, Dagmar; Aggarwal, Madan M.; Agnello, Michelangelo; Agostinelli, Andrea; Agrawal, Nikita; Ahammed, Zubayer; Ahmad, Nazeer; Ahn, Sang Un; Alme, Johan; Erdal, Hege Austrheim; Helstrup, Håvard; Hetland, Kristin Fanebust; Kileng, Bjarte; Altinpinar, Sedat; Djuvsland, Øystein; Fehlker, Dominik; Haaland, Øystein Senneset; Huang, Meidana; Lønne, Per-Ivar; Nystrand, Joakim; Rehman, Attiq ur; Røhrich, Dieter; Skjerdal, Kyrre; Ullaland, Kjetil; Velure, Arild; Wagner, Boris; Yang, Shiming; Zhou, Zhuo; Arsene, Ionut Christian; Bätzing, Paul Christoph; Dordic, Olja; Lindal, Svein; Mahmood, Sohail Musa; Milosevic, Jovan; Qvigstad, Henrik; Richter, Matthias; Røed, Ketil; Skaali, Toralf Bernhard; Tveter, Trine Spedstad; Wikne, Jon Christopher; Zhao, Chengxin; Langøy, Rune; Lien, Jørgen André; Ahn, Sul-Ah; Ajaz, Muhammad; Akindinov, Alexander; Alt, Torsten; ALICE, Collaboration
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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The production of the prompt charmed mesons D0, D+, and D*+ relative to the reaction plane was measured in Pb-Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy per nucleon-nucleon collision of √sNN=2.76TeV with the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. D mesons were reconstructed via their hadronic decays at central rapidity in the transverse-momentum (pT) interval 2–16 GeV/c. The azimuthal anisotropy is quantified in terms of the second coefficient v2 in a Fourier expansion of the D-meson azimuthal distribution and in terms of the nuclear modification factor RAA, measured in the direction of the reaction plane and orthogonal to it. The v2 coefficient was measured with three different methods and in three centrality classes in the interval 0%–50%. A positive v2 is observed in midcentral collisions (30%–50% centrality class), with a mean value of 0.204+0.099−0.036 (tot. unc.) in the interval 2<pT<6GeV/c, which decreases towards more central collisions (10%–30% and 0%–10% classes). The positive v2 is also reflected in the nuclear modification factor, which shows a stronger suppression in the direction orthogonal to the reaction plane for midcentral collisions. The measurements are compared to theoretical calculations of charm-quark transport and energy loss in high-density strongly interacting matter at high temperature. The models that include substantial elastic interactions with an expanding medium provide a good description of the observed anisotropy. However, they are challenged to simultaneously describe the strong suppression of high-pT yield of D mesons in central collisions and their azimuthal anisotropy in noncentral collisions.