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dc.contributor.authorChandyo, Ram Krishnaen_US
dc.contributor.authorUlak, Manjesworien_US
dc.contributor.authorAdhikari, Ramesh K.en_US
dc.contributor.authorSommerfelt, Halvoren_US
dc.contributor.authorStrand, Tor A.en_US
dc.PublishedHealthcare 2015, 3(3):593-606eng
dc.description.abstractIron deficiency anemia is still common in children under five years of age and may impair their growth and cognitive development. Diarrhea is the second most common reason for seeking medical care for young children in Nepal. However, neither screening programs nor effective preventive measures for anemia and iron deficiencies are in place among children with diarrhea in many developing countries. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of anemia and iron deficiency and explore their associations with clinical, socioeconomic, and anthropometric parameters in Nepalese children. This was a cross-sectional study based on 1232 children, six to 35 months old, with acute diarrhea participating in a zinc supplementation trial. The mean (SD) hemoglobin was 11.2 g/dL (1.2). Anemia was found in 493 children (40%); this estimate increased to 641 (52%) when we adjusted for the altitude of the study area (hemoglobin <11.3 g/dL). One in every three children had depleted iron stores and 198 (16%) of the children had both depleted iron stores and anemia, indicating iron deficiency anemia. The prevalence of anemia among children presenting with acute diarrhea was high but the degree of severity was mainly mild or moderate. Iron deficiency explained less than half of the total anemia, indicating other nutritional deficiencies inducing anemia might be common in this population.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.subjectiron deficiencyeng
dc.titlePrevalence of iron deficiency and anemia among young children with acute diarrhea in Bhaktapur, Nepalen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2015 The Authors
dc.relation.projectHelse Sør-Øst RHF: 2012090

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