Recent Submissions

  • Predictive Agent-Based Crowd Model Design Using Decentralized Control Systems 

    Berceanu, Cristian; Banu, Ionut; Husebø, Bettina; Patrascu, Monica (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    As a complex system, crowd dynamics emerge bottom-up from the local interactions between pedestrians as component subsystems. This article proposes a predictive agent-based crowd simulation model to analyze the outcomes ...
  • Parental body size and offspring lung health: preparing for parenthood already in childhood? 

    Lønnebotn, Marianne (Doctoral thesis, 2022-01-21)
    Background: In parallel with the increase in asthma and allergies there has been a dramatic increase in overweight and obesity during the last decades. Being overweight or obese is a known risk factor for asthma, and ...
  • Emergency Craniotomy and Burr-Hole Trephination in a Low-Resource Setting: Capacity Building at a Regional Hospital in Cambodia 

    Hu, Jingjing; Sokh, Vannara; Nguon, Sophy; Heng, Yang Van; Husum, Hans; Kloster, Roar; Odland, Jon Øyvind; Xu, Shanshan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    To evaluate the teaching effect of a trauma training program in emergency cranial neurosurgery in Cambodia on surgical outcomes for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We analyzed the data of TBI patients who ...
  • Occupational Benzene Exposure in the Norwegian Offshore Petroleum Industry, 2002-2018 

    Ridderseth, Hilde; Daltveit, Dagrun Slettebø; Hollund, Bjørg Eli; Kirkeleit, Jorunn; Kromhout, H; Kruger, K; Austgulen, LT; Bråtveit, Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Purpose Workers on offshore petroleum installations are at risk of being exposed to benzene which is carcinogenic to humans. The present study aimed to assess the time trend of full-shift benzene exposure from 2002 to ...
  • The ability of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ) to indicate motor difficulties in infants in primary care 

    Tveten, Kine Melfald; Strand, Liv Inger; Riiser, Kirsti; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Dragesund, Tove (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Introduction Delayed achievement of motor milestones may be an early indicator of motor difficulties. Parent-reported questionnaires may serve as an efficient, low-cost screening to identify infants in need of further ...
  • Carrying on life at home or moving to a nursing home: frail older people’s experiences of at-homeness 

    Søvde, Bente Egge; Sandvoll, Anne Marie; Natvik, Eli; Drageset, Jorunn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Aims and objectives The aim was to explore frail older people’s lived experiences of managing life at home on the verge of moving to a nursing home. Background As people age, their reserve capacity decreases, increasingthe ...
  • Cohort profile: Outcomes & Multi-morbidity In Type 2 diabetes (OMIT) – a national registry-based observational cohort with focus on care and treatment of key high-risk groups in Norway 

    Forster, Rachel Bedenis; Strandberg, Ragnhild Bjarkøy; Tibballs, Katrina Louise Bø; Nøkleby, Kjersti; Berg, Tore Julsrud; Iversen, Tor; Hagen, Terje P.; Richardsen, Kåre Rønn; Cooper, John; Sandberg, Sverre; Løvaas, Karianne Fjeld; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Iversen, Marjolein M.; Jenum, Anne Karen; Buhl, Esben Selmer (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Purpose The ‘Outcomes & Multi-morbidity in Type 2 Diabetes’ (OMIT) is an observational registry-based cohort of Norwegian patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) established to study high-risk groups often omitted from randomised ...
  • The educational burden of disease: a cohort study 

    Nordmo, Magnus; Kinge, Jonas Minet; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Flatø, Martin; Suren, Pål; Wörn, Jonathan; Magnus, Per Minor; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Torvik, Fartein Ask (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background Students with health disorders might be at risk of disengaging from education, which can reinforce socioeconomic inequalities in health. We aimed to evaluate the associations between 176 diseases and injuries ...
  • Changes in Dentists' Prescribing Patterns in Norway 2005-2015. 

    Kjome, Reidun Lisbet Skeide; Bjønnes, Joachim André Johansen; Lygre, Henning (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background There is scant knowledge of dentists' total prescribing patterns, and little is published on this internationally. The Norwegian Prescription Database (NorPD) includes data on all dispensed prescription medication ...
  • Impact of liver fibrosis and clinical characteristics on dose-adjusted serum methadone concentrations 

    Chalabianloo, Fatemeh; Høiseth, Gudrun; Vold, Jørn Henrik; Johansson, Kjell Arne; Kringen, Marianne K.; Dalgard, Olav; Ohldieck, Christian; Druckrey-Fiskaaen, Karl Trygve; Aas, Christer Frode; Løberg, Else-Marie; Bramness, Jørgen Gustav; Fadnes, Lars T. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background There is limited knowledge on the causes of large variations in serum methadone concentrations and dose requirements. Objectives We investigated the impact of the degree of liver fibrosis on dose-adjusted ...
  • Evidence for widespread alterations in cortical microstructure after 32 h of sleep deprivation 

    Voldsbekk, Irene; Bjørnerud, Atle; Groote, Inge Rasmus; Zak, Nathalia; Roelfs, Daniël; Maximov, Ivan; Geier, Oliver; Due-Tønnessen, Paulina; Bøen, Erlend; Kuiper, Yvonne S.; Løkken, Lise Linn; Strømstad, Marie; Blakstvedt, Taran Youssefian; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Malt, Ulrik Fredrik; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn; Grydeland, Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Cortical microstructure is influenced by circadian rhythm and sleep deprivation, yet the precise underpinnings of these effects remain unclear. The ratio between T1-weighted and T2-weighted magnetic resonance images (T1w/T2w ...
  • Changes in life expectancy and disease burden in Norway, 1990–2019: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 

    Clarsen, Benjamin Matthew; Nylenna, Magne; Klitkou, Søren Toksvig; Vollset, Stein Emil; Baravelli, Carl Michael; Bølling, Anette Kocbach; Aasvang, Gunn Marit; Sulo, Gerhard; Naghavi, Mohsen; Pasovic, Maja; Asaduzzaman, Muhammad; Bjørge, Tone; Eggen, Anne Elise; Eikemo, Terje Andreas; Ellingsen, Christian Lycke; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Hailu, Alemayehu; Hassan, Shoaib; Hay, Simon I.; Juliusson, Pétur Benedikt; Kisa, Adnan; Kisa, Sezer; Månsson, Johan; Yitayew, Teferi Mekonnen; Murray, Christopher J L; Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Ottersen, Trygve; Sagoe, Dominic; Sripada, Kam; Winkler, Andrea Sylvia; Knudsen, Ann Kristin Skrindo (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background: Geographical differences in health outcomes are reported in many countries. Norway has led an active policy aiming for regional balance since the 1970s. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) ...
  • Association of sweetened carbonated beverage consumption during pregnancy and ADHD symptoms in the ofspring: a study from the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) 

    Kvalvik, Liv Grimstvedt; Klungsøyr, Kari; Igland, Jannicke; Caspersen, Ida Henriette; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Solberg, Berit Skretting; Hartman, Catharina; Schweren, Lizanne Johanna Stephanie; Larsson, Henrik; Li, Lin; Forthun, Ingeborg; Johansson, Stefan; Vasquez, Alejandro Arias; Haavik, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Purpose Intrauterine exposures influence offspring health and development. Here we investigated maternal intake of sweetened carbonated beverages (SCB) during pregnancy and its association with ADHD symptoms in the ...
  • Ballistic strength training in adults with cerebral palsy may increase rate of force development in plantar fexors, but transition to walking remains unclear: a case series 

    Gjesdal, Beate Eltarvåg; Mæland, Silje; Bogen, Bård Erik; Cumming, Kristoffer Toldnes; Nesse, Vilde Cathrine; Torberntsson, Silje Marie Rydningen; Rygh, Cecilie Brekke (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background Persons with cerebral palsy (CP) walk with reduced ankle plantar flexor power compared to typically developing. In this study, we investigated whether a ballistic strength-training programme targeting ankle ...
  • Respiratory Health among Pesticide Sprayers at Flower Farms in Ethiopia 

    Shentema, Meaza Gezu; Bråtveit, Magne; Kumie, Abera; Deressa, Wakgari; Moen, Bente Elisabeth (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background: Pesticide use in Ethiopia has become a common practice in which large-scale flower farms are the main consumers. Workers on flower farms might be exposed to pesticides while spraying or while performing other ...
  • Evaluation of antiemetic treatment of women hospitalised for Hyperemesis gravidarum at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

    Brox, Camilla (Master thesis, 2022-05-16)
    Background: Significant global efforts are required to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3; “Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages”. In a limited resource setting, such ...
  • The association between shift work disorder and turnover intention among nurses 

    Blytt, Kjersti Marie; Bjorvatn, Bjørn; Moen, Bente Elisabeth; Pallesen, Ståle; Harris, Anette Kristoffersen; Waage, Siri (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Background: Shift work disorder (SWD) is highly prevalent among shift-working nurses and has multiple negative health-related effects. There is a dearth of insight into career-related decisions made by nurses suffering ...
  • A shift to something better? A longitudinal study of work schedule and prescribed sleep medication use in nurses 

    Forthun, Ingeborg; Waage, Siri; Pallesen, Ståle; Moen, Bente Elisabeth; Bjorvatn, Bjørn (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Objectives To explore whether a change in work schedule was associated with a change in the probability of prescribed sleep medication use. Methods A longitudinal study with annual questionnaire data (2008/2009–2021, ...
  • Association of Familial Hypercholesterolemia and Statin Use With Risk of Dementia in Norway 

    Mundal, Liv; Igland, Jannicke; Svendsen, Karianne; Holven, Kirsten Bjørklund; Leren, Trond Paul; Retterstøl, Kjetil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Importance Hypercholesterolemia, which is a cardiovascular risk factor, may also be associated with dementia risk. The benefit of statin treatment on dementia risk is controversial. Objective To determine whether ...
  • Appraising Drugs Based on Cost-effectiveness and Severity of Disease in Norwegian Drug Coverage Decisions 

    Tranvåg, Eirik Joakim; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Robberstad, Bjarne; Norheim, Ole Frithjof (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
    Importance: Rising health care costs are a major health policy challenge globally. Norway has implemented a priority-setting system intended to balance cost-effectiveness and concerns for fair distribution, but little is ...

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