Accurate and fast neonatal heart rate assessment with a smartphone‐based application – a manikin study
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionHöök SM, Pejovic N, Marrone G, Tylleskär T, Alfven. Accurate and fast neonatal heart rate assessment with a smartphone‐based application – a manikin study. Acta Paediatrica. 2018;107(9):1548-1554 https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.14350
Aim: This study determined the accuracy and speed of the NeoTapLifeSupport (NeoTapLS), a free smartphone application that aims to assess a neonate's heart rate. Methods: We asked 30 participants with a variety of backgrounds to test the NeoTapLS, which was developed by our own nonprofit organisation Tap4Life, to determine a randomly selected heart rate by auscultation or palpation. The study was carried out in 2014 at Sachs’ Children and Youth Hospital, Sweden, using a Laerdal SimNewB manikin that simulates true values. The NeoTapLS calculates the heart rate based on the user's last three taps on the smartphone screen. Results: A total of 1200 measurements were carried out. A high correlation was found between measured and true values by auscultation (correlation coefficient 0.993) as well as by palpation (correlation coefficient 0.986) with 93.5% of the auscultations and 86.3% of the palpations differing from the true value by five beats or fewer. The mean time to the first estimated heart rate was 14.9 seconds for auscultation and 16.3 seconds for palpation. Conclusion: Heart rates could be accurately and rapidly assessed using the NeoTapLS on a manikin. A globally accessible mobile health system could offer a low‐cost alternative to expensive medical equipment.