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dc.contributor.authorGjesteland, Ingriden_US
dc.contributor.authorHollund, Bjørg Elien_US
dc.contributor.authorKirkeleit, Jorunnen_US
dc.contributor.authorDaling, Per Snorreen_US
dc.contributor.authorSørheim, Kristin Risten_US
dc.PublishedGjesteland I, Hollund BE, Kirkeleit J, Daling PS, Sørheim KRS. Determinants of airborne benzene evaporating from fresh crude oils released into seawater. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2019;140:395-402eng
dc.description.abstractBenzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes, naphthalene and n-hexane evaporating from a thin oil film was measured for 30 min in a small-scale test system at 2 and 13 °C and the impact of physicochemical properties on airborne benzene with time after bulk oil release was studied. Linear mixed-effects models for airborne benzene in three time periods; first 5, first 15 and last 15 min of sampling, indicated that benzene content in fresh oil, oil group (condensate/light crude oil) and pour point were significant determinants explaining 63–73% of the total variance in the outcome variables. Oils with a high pour point evaporated considerably slower than oils with a low pour point. The mean air concentration of total volatile organic compounds was significatly higher at 13 °C (735 ppm) compared to 2 °C (386 ppm) immediately after release of oil, but at both temperatures the concentration rapidly declined.en_US
dc.relation.ispartof<a href="" target="blank"> Oil spill into seawater. Evaporation and human exposure to benzene</a>
dc.rightsAttribution CC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.subjectOil spilleng
dc.subjectMixed modelseng
dc.titleDeterminants of airborne benzene evaporating from fresh crude oils released into seawateren_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 Elsevier
dc.source.journalMarine Pollution Bulletin

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