Upgrade of the ALICE central barrel tracking detectors: ITS and TPC
Gasik, P.; Acharya, Shreyasi; Acosta, Fernando T.; Adamová, Dagmar; Adolfsson, Jonatan; Aggarwal, Madan M.; Aglieri Rinella, Gianluca; Agnello, Michelangelo; Agrawal, Neelima; Ahammed, Zubayer; Alme, Johan; Altenkaemper, Lucas; Djuvsland, Øystein; Ersdal, Magnus Rentsch; Fionda, Fiorella Maria Celeste; Nystrand, Joakim; Rehman, Attiq Ur; Røhrich, Dieter; Tambave, Ganesh Jagannath; Ullaland, Kjetil; Wagner, Boris; Zhou, Zhuo; Arsene, Ionut Cristian; Bätzing, Paul Christoph; Dordic, Olja; Lardeux, Antoine Xavier; Lindal, Svein; Mahmood, Sohail Musa; Malik, Qasim Waheed; Richter, Matthias; Røed, Ketil; Skaali, Toralf Bernhard; Tveter, Trine Spedstad; Wikne, Jon Christopher; Zhao, Chengxin; Hetland, Kristin Fanebust; Kileng, Bjarte; Nesbø, Simon Voigt; Storetvedt, Maksim Melnik; Helstrup, Håvard; Langøy, Rune; Lien, Jørgen André; Ahn, Sang Un; Aiola, Salvatore; Akindinov, Alexander; Al-Turany, Mohammad; Alam, Sk Noor; Albuquerque, D. S. D.; Aleksandrov, Dmitry; Alessandro, Bruno; ALICE, Collaboration
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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The ALICE Collaboration will undertake a major upgrade of the detector apparatus during the second LHC Long Shutdown LS2 (2019–2020) in view of the Runs 3 and 4 (2021–2029). The objective of the upgrade is two-fold: i) an improvement of the tracking precision and efficiency, in particular in the low-momentum range; ii) an improvement of the readout capabilities of the experiment, in order to fully exploit the luminosity for heavy ions envisaged after LS2. The first goal will be achieved by replacing the Inner Tracking System with a new tracker, composed of seven layers of silicon pixel detectors. The new tracker will be made up of about 25000 Monolithic Active Pixel Sensors with fast readout, resulting in a material thickness reduced to 0.3% (inner layers) – 1% (outer layers) of the radiation length and a granularity of 28×28μm2. The second goal will be achieved, among other measures, by replacing the readout chambers of the 90m3 Time Projection Chamber with Micro Pattern Gaseous Detectors. In particular, the new readout chambers will consist of stacks of 4 Gas Electron Multiplier foils combining different hole pitches. The upgraded detector will operate continuously without the use of a triggered gating grid. It will thus be able to record all Pb–Pb collisions at the LHC interaction rate of 50kHz.