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dc.contributor.authorØstgaard, Nikolai
dc.contributor.authorBalling, Jan E.
dc.contributor.authorBjørnsen, Thomas Riis
dc.contributor.authorBrauer, Peter
dc.contributor.authorBudtz-Jørgensen, Carl
dc.contributor.authorBujwan, Waldemar
dc.contributor.authorCarlson, Brant Edward
dc.contributor.authorChristiansen, Freddy
dc.contributor.authorConnell, Paul
dc.contributor.authorEyles, Chris
dc.contributor.authorFehlker, Dominik
dc.contributor.authorGenov, Georgi
dc.contributor.authorGrudzinski, Pawel
dc.contributor.authorKochkin, Pavlo
dc.contributor.authorKohfeldt, Anja
dc.contributor.authorKuvvetli, Irfan
dc.contributor.authorThomsen, Per Lundahl
dc.contributor.authorPedersen, Søren Møller
dc.contributor.authorNavarro-Gonzalez, Javier
dc.contributor.authorNeubert, Torsten
dc.contributor.authorNjøten, Kåre
dc.contributor.authorOrleanski, Piotr
dc.contributor.authorQureshi, Bilal Hasan
dc.contributor.authorCenkeramaddi, Linga Reddy
dc.contributor.authorReglero, Victor
dc.contributor.authorReina, Manuel
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo, Juan Manuel
dc.contributor.authorRostad, Maja Elise
dc.contributor.authorSabau, Maria D.
dc.contributor.authorKristensen, Steen Savstrup
dc.contributor.authorSkogseide, Yngve
dc.contributor.authorSolberg, Arne Olav
dc.contributor.authorStadsnes, Johan
dc.contributor.authorUllaland, Kjetil
dc.contributor.authorYang, Shiming
dc.PublishedØstgaard N, Balling, Bjørnsen TR, Brauer P, Budtz-Jørgensen C, et al. The modular X- and gamma-ray sensor (MXGS) of the ASIM Payload on the International Space Station. Space Science Reviews. 2019;215:23eng
dc.description.abstractThe Modular X- and Gamma-ray Sensor (MXGS) is an imaging and spectral X- and Gamma-ray instrument mounted on the starboard side of the Columbus module on the International Space Station. Together with the Modular Multi-Spectral Imaging Assembly (MMIA) (Chanrion et al. this issue) MXGS constitutes the instruments of the Atmosphere-Space Interactions Monitor (ASIM) (Neubert et al. this issue). The main objectives of MXGS are to image and measure the spectrum of X- and γ-rays from lightning discharges, known as Terrestrial Gamma-ray Flashes (TGFs), and for MMIA to image and perform high speed photometry of Transient Luminous Events (TLEs) and lightning discharges. With these two instruments specifically designed to explore the relation between electrical discharges, TLEs and TGFs, ASIM is the first mission of its kind. With an imaging system and a large detector area MXGS will, for the first time, allow estimation of the location of the source region and characterization of the energy spectrum of individual events. The sensors have fast readout electronics to minimize pileup effects, giving high time resolution of photon detection for comparison with measurements on μs-time scales of lightning processes measured by the MMIA and other sensors in space or on the ground. The detectors cover the large energy range of the relevant photon energies. In this paper we describe the scientific objectives, design, performance, imaging capabilities and operational modes of the MXGS instrument.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.subjectX- and Gamma-ray detector for spaceeng
dc.subjectInternational Space Stationeng
dc.subjectAtmosphere-Space Interaction Monitoreng
dc.subjectModular Multi-Spectral Imaging Assemblyeng
dc.subjectModular X- and Gamma-ray Sensoreng
dc.subjectTerrestrial Gamma-ray Flasheseng
dc.titleThe modular X- and gamma-ray sensor (MXGS) of the ASIM Payload on the International Space Stationen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2019 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalSpace Science Reviews

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