Assessing Risk in Child Protection and Child Welfare Services: a scoping review
MetadataShow full item record
Background and objectives: Risk assessments in child protection and child welfare services are designed to strategically evaluate and analyze children who are at greatest risk of maltreatment and neglect. Norway does not have a national framework on how to assess children at risk, nor any evidence-based research showing that their assessment tools are effective. The purposes of this review were to (a) identify studies assessing risk of child maltreatment and neglect in this field; (b) describe which and how risk factors should be used; and (c) map the literature to better understand the quality of the risk assessments. Method: For this scoping review, Web of Science, MEDLINE and PsycINFO were the main sources of data. The data were searched for published and peer-reviewed English language quantitative studies from 2009-2019. Results: 15 publications met the inclusion criteria. They showed that risk factors could be divided into three categories: child functioning, parent care and, family and environment. Risk factors related to primary caregiver were dominating. The quality assurance of the risk assessment tools showed to differ in both reliability and validity. Implications: This review identifies the need to consider all aspects of the three categories to provide critical thinking and achieve a holistic perspective of a child’s needs. It also questions the quality of the risk assessment tools used today, but implies the importance of testing and adapting the items to a targeted population.
Postponed access: the file will be accessible after 2022-05-29
PublisherThe University of Bergen
CopyrightCopyright the Author. All rights reserved
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The Public, the Mother and the Child. Public Health Initiatives Promoting the Strong and Happy Child – Focusing on Food and Mental Health Ludvigsen, Kari; Elvbakken, Kari Tove (11-2005, Working paper, 2005-12)This paper addresses public health initiatives towards the youngest children and their mothers, namely The Mother and Child Health Centers (MCHC). The orientations and the content of the MCHC are discussed, focusing two ...
A review of cortisol production and child care attendace: The promotion of positive child development Mikkelborg, Susann (Master thesis, 2009-11-24)Extensive evidence exist, demonstrating an association between cortisol and child care attendance. Cortisol is regarded as a valid and reliable measure of stress. This review aim to summarize findings regarding child care ...
Discriminative ability of the generic and conditionspecific Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (Child-OIDP) by the Limpopo-Arusha School Health (LASH) Project: A cross-sectional study Mbawalla, Hawa S.; Mtaya, Matilda; Masalu, Joyce R.; Brudvik, Pongsri; Åstrøm, Anne Nordrehaug (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-05-26)Background: Generic and condition-specific (CS) oral-health-related quality-of-life (OHRQoL) instruments assess the impacts of general oral conditions and specific oral diseases. Focusing schoolchildren from Arusha and Dar ...